Fallacies of Relevance

May 27th, 2015
SKTFaker
Category:
English
Price: $10 USD

Question description

Part 1

Some premises are relevant to a claim; some are not. Relevant premises can be positive or negative. Decide whether each of these groups of statements contains a positively relevant premise, a negatively relevant premise, or an irrelevant premise. Give reasons to justify your answers.

  1. The sky is blue. Therefore, the Supreme Court will decide in favor of gay marriage.
  2. Matthew and Jane are parents of a daughter. They are both over six feet tall so probably their daughter will be tall.
  3. If taxes on cigarettes continue to rise and sales decrease, the situation will put people out of work. So, cigarettes do not cause cancer.
  4. Most people believe the morning after pill should be sold without prescription. Therefore, the recent ruling should stand that makes it available over the counter.
  5. Angela is a senior in high school. Therefore, Angela probably has a PhD.

Part 2

Determine whether there are fallacies of relevance in the following passages. If there is a fallacy, identify the type of fallacy. If you do not find a fallacy, note that there is no fallacy. Explain your answers.

  1. All of the popular kids at Jordan High drive SUV’s. If you want to be popular, this is what you should ask your parents to get for you.
  2. Senator Smith argued that violent pornography should be outlawed. Senator Smith obviously believes that there should be government censorship of books, magazines, movies, etc. No one should take such an extreme view seriously.
  3. Representative Jones argued that there should not be limits to malpractice claims in this state. He says that when a patient is harmed, a large award is the only way to help the patient and the only way to put pressure on doctors to be more careful. But, Representative Smith’s former law firm specializes in malpractice cases, and he has close friends in that firm, so what would you expect him to say?
  4. I do not know any wait staff who report all of their tips to the IRS. I do not feel any obligation to report all of mine.
  5. Our driving instructor, Mr. Peterson, says you should never drive without wearing a seatbelt. I saw him in his car at a stoplight, and he did not have his seatbelt on. Why should I listen to him?
  6. I wish I could take my two dogs with me when I move, but the apartment I am moving into does not allow any pets. I hate to think about them in the animal shelter because I have heard they put down owner surrenders almost immediately due to lack of space. Would you consider adopting them?
  7. John Smith should not be hired as a teacher’s aide. He is on the registered sex offender list.
  8. You need to buy our security system now. This neighborhood is not safe because the house behind yours was broken into last week.
  9. I have the right to say whatever I want because I can say anything I want to say.
  10. Mr. Jones, you have been caught with alcohol in your dorm room twice now. This is against the policy. The school policy states that on the third offense the student will be suspended, so I will have no choice but to suspend you if you are found with alcohol in your room again.

Submission Criteria


Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: Rice University
PREMIUM TUTOR

Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students

7 Reviews


Summary
Quality
Communication
On Time
Value
kpcutie
Dec 6th, 2016
" Excellent job "
Hemapathy
Nov 23rd, 2016
" all I can say is wow very fast work, great work thanks "
BlueOcean
Nov 9th, 2016
" Awesome! Exactly what I wanted. "
kevin12622
Oct 31st, 2016
" Goes above and beyond expectations ! "
ashleyisgod
Oct 18th, 2016
" Top quality work from this guy! I'll be back! "
likeplum4
Oct 9th, 2016
" Excellent work as usual "
Molly_Moon
Sep 25th, 2016
" AMAZING as always! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1827 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors