K-W-L (Ogle, 1986) is an instructional reading strategy that is used
to guide students through a text. Students begin by brainstorming
everything they Know about a topic. This information is
recorded in the K column of a K-W-L chart. Students then generate a
list of questions about what they Want to Know about
the topic. These questions are listed in the W column of the chart.
During or after reading, students answer the questions that are in the W
column. This new information that they have Learned is recorded in the L column of the K-W-L chart.
The K-W-L strategy serves several purposes:
Elicits students’ prior knowledge of the topic of the text.