Exploring philosophical thought experiment

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For this assignment, discover a philosophical thought experiment that appeals to you, describe this experiment in your paper as well as its origin (who made it and why?), and describe the logic of the experiment (what is it supposed to teach?). Finally, explain what you personally learned by engaging in the thought experiment, and how you might use your new knowledge.

Instructions Exploring Philosophical Thought Experiments Thought Experiments are creations of the imagination used by philosophers to investigate thoughts, ideas, reasoning and understanding. They are used in a variety of philosophical disciplines: ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, logic, for example. Typically, philosophical thought experiments present a narrative, or story, that describes a counter-factual or hypothetical situation. The person engaged in the thought experiment is often asked to imagine themselves as a subject in the experiment, under the conditions the experiment dictates. In this way, philosophers can explore the personal knowledge acquired by such experiments, and use it to further their own understanding. For this assignment, discover a philosophical thought experiment that appeals to you, describe this experiment in your paper as well as its origin (who made it and why?), and describe the logic of the experiment (what is it supposed to teach?). Finally, explain what you personally learned by engaging in the thought experiment, and how you might use your new knowledge. Choose one of the following Thought Experiments to investigate: • • • • • • • • • • • The Ship of Theseus (Plato): A thought experiment on the nature of identity. The Inverted Spectrum Problem (John Locke): A thought experiment on the nature of perception and reality. The Swamp Man (Donald Davidson): A thought experiment on the construction of meaning. The Prisoner's Dilemma (Merrill Flood and Melvin Drescher): A thought experiment on reward and punishment The Private Language Argument, "Beetle in a Box" (Ludwig Wittgenstein): A thought experiment on the nature of language. Mary's Room, Knowledge Argument (Frank Jackson): A thought experiment on the nature of knowledge. The Chinese Room Argument (John Searle): A thought experiment about Artificial Intelligence. The Pleasure Machine, or Experience Machine (Robert Nozick): A thought experiment on the value of pleasure. The Utility Monster (Robert Nozick): A thought experiment that refutes ethical utilitarianism. The Trolley Problem (Philippa Foot): A thought experiment in personal ethics. Thomson's Violinist (Judith Jarvis Thomson): A thought experiment on the defense of abortion. • The Original Position (John Rawls): A thought experiment on the nature of society.

Tutor Answer

TutorAR
School: New York University

Hi, Find attached the paper for your review.Let me know if you need anything edited or changed.Looking forward to working with you in future.Thank you.
Attached.

Running head: THE CHINESE ROOM ARGUMENT

The Chinese Room Argument
Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Course Title
Date

THE CHINESE ROOM ARGUMENT

2

The Chinese Room Argument
Introduction
Artificial Intelligence (AI) work has produced programs of the computer that can
defeat universal chess champion and also beat the best human players of Jeopardy television
quiz show. AI has also created applications such as Apple's Siri with which an individual can
converse in the ordinary language. Activities such as participating in Jeopardy or chess, and
having a conversation, require intelligence and understanding. The Chinese Room, Searle
(2009) requires that you imagine a particular scenario: there is a room where people slip the
paper into through a slot, and the paper comes back through a second slot out of the room.
You discover that the individual is native Chinese speakers who are sending inquiries into the
room in the Chinese language. The paper that is passing out has an answer which is written
underneath the question. The answers provided are correct and in Chinese.
When the Chinese individuals receive answers that appear to be intellectual to their
questions, they conclude that the person inside the room is intelligent and understands
Chinese. But in this argument, we are supposed to imagine that the person inside the room
speaks only English and understands no Chinese. For discussion's sake, you can assume that it
is you in the place. The room is full of books when receiving the questions written on paper;
your job is to look through the books and identify the symbols that are identical to the one on
the paper, the book contains the...

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Anonymous
Outstanding Job!!!!

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