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Surname1 Name Professor Institution affiliation Date due The King James Bible The King James Bible is also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or the King James Version (KJV). It is one of the oldest Christian Bibles in history since its history dates way back in 1604 when King James 1 of England gave orders that there be a new Bible translation into English and this was achieved in 1611. It was widely accepted by many people in England due to its great use of English literary devices, flowing language and also its simplicity since any common person could easily understand it (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). The AV became the standard Bible for many Christians in England from the mid 17th century to early 20th century. The King James Bible has three sections namely the Old Testament, New Testament and an intertestamental section. Old Testament has 39 books while the New Testament has 27 books. Lastly, the intertestamental section has 14 books of the Apocrypha (Scofield and Rikkers). In this essay I will be discussing important events of the KJV and how it became to be one of the most influential Bible ever in history and its impact on the English language and the world in general. As highlighted earlier on, the KJV of the Bible was published almost four centuries ago and it has been described by many scholars as the perfect masterpiece that manifests the English language in a way never seen before by any author even the famous Shakespeare. The New Testament of the King James Bible was translated from Greek while the Old Surname2 Testament was translated from Aramaic and Hebrew. The intertestamental section which has the Apocrypha was translated from both Greek and Latin. Ironically, its primary author William Tyndale was later executed by way of hanging on church orders and his body burned down to ashes (Scofield and Rikkers). The reason why the King James Bible’s primary author was Tyndale is because 80% of the Bible’s Old Testament and New Testaments were the work of William. Tyndale was a famous scholar, a linguist as well as a priest who was determined to translate the English Bible in a way and manner that any common person would understand. In fact he always said that his inspiration towards translating the Bible was drawn from his determination to see a boy that drove the plough understood the Scripture. Therefore, he devoted his time and resources towards translating a bible that a common person would understand (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). Tyndale had produced his interpretation of the New and Old Testament by the early 1526 even though he did it in Germany away from England since his efforts were constantly frustrated by the English authorities. There in Germany, he organised with various sympathisers to help him smuggle the copies of the New Testament to England and Scotland in cotton bales. The authorities thought that the Tyndale’s version of the Bible was meant to degrade the powers of the King over the Church compared to the pope. However he was betrayed and condemned for his efforts and he went into hiding in Belgium where he was later captured and his body was hanged and burnt in public. However, months later the king realised that the Tyndale’s version of the Bible had no ill-intention and in fact demonstrated King James supremacy over the church. King James was crowned in the year 1603 and a year later on convened a conference to deliberate on issues that were going a miss in the Church. Things were not going well in Surname3 the Church when James succeeded Elizabeth since he received a petition signed by 1,000 Puritan ministers of the Church of England. The ministers had highlighted various issues that they were not happy with the Anglo-Catholic ministers who were bowing in the name of Jesus and wearing robes among other reasons. This prompted him to convene a meeting even though it greatly failed. However it was during the conference that the idea to have the Bible re-written in order to accommodate the doctrinal differences that was being experienced in England at that time. This marked the beginning of the seven years journey towards writing and publishing the King James Version of the Bible. King James greatly embraced the idea since the Church by this time was a vital pillar in the leadership of any authority. Any mistake in the Church could cost King James his powers and hence by ordering the writing of the new Bible he hoped to have a greater influence over the Church and hence over the people (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). In addition, King James viewed a new version of the Bile as the only way to counter the influence of the then popular Geneva Bible. The Geneva Bible was famously known as the Shakespeare Bible and also of Milton which according to King James had the worst English since it was Puritan. In Addition the Geneva Bible was against the divine right of kings. Therefore it was a threat to the continued rule of the King James (Scofield and Rikkers). The authorship of the King James Bible was written by a group of 47 scholars all of whom were members of the Church of England. The scholars instituted six committees which were responsible in producing the new version of the Bible. Two of the committees were established in London while the other four were established in London and Cambridge (each)all under the stewardship of the then dean of Westminster Lancelot Andrewes. Lancelot was an outstanding and very knowledgeable scholar whom fellow scholars Surname4 described him as so learned that even the world itself needed learning to understand how much learned he was (Klassen and Reese). The committees were organized and shared the various sections of the Bible to make work easier and faster as well as accurate. The committee were divided into first and second companies. The first and second Westminster Company translated Genesis to 2nd Kings and the Epistles respectively. On the other hand, the first and second Cambridge Company translated 1st Chronicles to the Songs of Solomon and Apocrypha respectively. Lastly, the first and second Oxford Company translated Isaiah to Malachi and Gospels, Revelation and Acts of Apostles respectively. The translators of the KJV of the Bible were under strict instructions from King James to ensure they wrote a Bible that portrayed various things as per the beliefs of the Church of England. First of all, the new version had to ensure that it reflected the belief of Church of England in ordained clergy. In addition the translators were tasked with ensuring that the new version of the Bible reflected the Episcopal structure of the Church of England. Lastly, the Bible had to conform to the ecclesiology of the Church of England (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). Three years after King James gave orders to have the new version of the Bible translated, nothing much had happened (Klassen and Reese). The reason behind this delay is not well known but some scholars suggest that it was due to the Catholic Gunpowder Plot. However, in 1607, the work progress was impressive since within four years the public had the newly translated version of the King James Bible. Most of the sections of the Bible were completed by the year 1608 with the Apocrypha being the first section to be completed. A year later in 1609, the sections were reviewed by the General Committee of review at the Stationers Hall in London (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). Surname5 After thorough reviewing of the texts, by the General Committee of review, the newly translated version of the Bible was authorised to be published by Robert Barker. Robert Barker was by then the King’s Printer and hence in 1611 acting under the authority of King James published the Authorized Version of the King James Bible as a complete folio Bible. Initially, the bible was sold at ten shillings and was a loose leaf. The official version of the Bible in Church of England thus changed from the Bishop’s Bible to the newly Authorised Version (Thomas Nelson Publishers.). After its publication, the Authorised Version Continued to enjoy massive popularity among Christians from all doctrines. Its influence however lasted from the early 18th century to the late 19th century. By the early 20th century, the King James Bible had lost its influence among most Protestant Churches in England. This Bible was viewed as antiquated and hence most of the mainstream Protestant Churches turned into more-modern translations by the late 20th century. The modern versions included The Revised Standard Version (RVS), New International Version (NIV) as well as the New Revised Standard Version. However, The KJV is still viewed as the best biblical translation in the history of Christianity and hence many Christian fundamentalists as well as new Christian Religious Movements widely use it (Klassen and Reese). In conclusion the King James Bible is regarded as a linguistic masterpiece as well as a Religious masterpiece due to its wide influence on people during the 18th to 20th century. It helped spread the Gospel and as well helped many people learn, understand and appreciate the beauty of the English language. The King James Bible can therefore be said to have been made for various reasons as outlined above. It is a product of politics both royal and religious. In addition it can be said to have been made for linguistic purposes to promote the English language and enhance nationalism. It can also be said to be a product of church bureaucracy Surname6 where it was created to counter the influence of the Geneva Bible. Even though some 21st English readers may find the 1611 version quite a challenge to read and understand, it can be said to have depicted an accurate translation of the English language beauty, poetic richness and its cadence. The King James Bible not only influenced the English Language development and spread, it can also be said to be the catalyst of the paradigm shift in the society’s norm at that time. It is in fact credited for the abolition of slave trade, reduced civil wars in Britain and America as well as a genesis for the development of modern science. Surname7 References Klassen, Frank R, and Edward Reese. The Reese Chronological Bible. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House Publishers, 2005. Print. Scofield, C. I, and Doris Rikkers. The Scofield Study Bible. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Thomas Nelson Publishers. King James Study Bible. [Place of publication not identified]: Thomas Nelson, 2011. Print. Surname 1 Works Cited Copan, Victor. Changing Your Mind: The Bible, the Brain, and Spiritual Growth. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2016. Dumitrescu, C. "Bartholomew, Craig G., and Michael W. Goheen. The Drama of Scripture: Finding Your Place in the Biblical Story." ANDREWS UNIVERSITY SEMINARY STUDIES 44.1 (2006): 175. Dumitrescu, C. "Bartholomew, Craig G., and Michael W. Goheen. The Drama of Scripture: Finding Your Place in the Biblical Story." ANDREWS UNIVERSITY SEMINARY STUDIES 44.1 (2006): 175 Fee, Gordon D., and Douglas Stuart. How to read the Bible for all its worth. Zondervan, 2014. Retrieved from: http://media.sabda.org/alkitab2/PDF%20Books/00037%20Fee%20%26%20Stuart%20How%20to%20Read%20the%20Bible. pdf Gladding, Sean. The Story of God, the Story of Us: Getting Lost and Found in the Bible. InterVarsity Press, 2010. Kaiser Jr, Walter C., and Moises Silva. Introduction to Biblical hermeneutics: The search for meaning. Zondervan, 2009. Klein, William W., Craig L. Blomberg, and Robert L. Hubbard Jr. Introduction to biblical interpretation. Zondervan, 2017.. Vang, Preben, and Terry G. Carter. Telling God's Story. B&H Publishing Group, 2013.
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Running head: THE KING JAMES BIBLE.

The King James Bible.

Name

Professor

Institution affiliation

Date due

1

THE KING JAMES BIBLE.

2

The King James Bible

The King James Bible is also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or the King
James Version (KJV). It is one of the oldest Christian Bibles in history since its history dates
way back in 1604 when King James 1 of England gave orders that there be a new Bible
translation into English and this was achieved in 1611. It was widely accepted by many
people in England due to its great use of English literary devices, flowing language and also
its simplicity since any common person could easily understand it (Thomas Nelson
Publishers.). The AV became the standard Bible for many Christians in England from the mid
17th century to early 20th century. The King James Bible has three sections namely the Old
Testament, New Testament and an intertestamental section. Old Testament has 39 books
while the New Testament has 27 books. Lastly, the intertestamental section has 14 books of
the Apocrypha (Scofield and Rikkers). In this essay I will be discussing important events of
the KJV and how it became to be one of the most influential Bible ever in history and its
impact on the English language and the world in general.

As highlighted earlier on, the KJV of the Bible was published almost four centuries
ago and it has been described by many scholars as the perfect masterpiece that manifests the
English language in a way never seen before by any author even the famous Shakespeare.
The New Testament of the King James Bible was translated from Greek while the Old
Testament was translated from Aramaic and Hebrew. The intertestamental section which has
the Apocrypha was translated from both Greek and Latin. Ironically, its primary author
William Tyndale was later executed by way of hanging on church orders and his body burned
down to ashes (Scofield and Rikkers).
The reason why the King James Bible’s primary author was Tyndale is because 80%
of the Bible’s Old Testament and New Testaments were the work of William. Tyndale was a

THE KING JAMES BIBLE.

3

famous scholar, a linguist as well as a priest who was determined to translate the English
Bible in a way and manner that any commo...


Anonymous
I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!

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