600 to 750 words paper, Excellent English, No plagiarism, No grammar typos

timer Asked: Nov 26th, 2018
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Writing Assignment #7 (10%)

Write a short paper summarizing your understanding of what is meant by the concept “the social self”. In that paper referred to your original paper and to the paper you wrote in Week Six comparing your original statement with your understanding of the social self to that point. Indicate whether or not, in what ways, and why, your understanding of the social self has changed (or has remained the same) following the reading and writing you have done since Week 6. (600-750 words).

Hi, So I have attached my first reflection and second. You can refer to the theorist mentioned in those assignments , its up to you. But make sure you support your answers and explain thoroughly.


make sure you support your answers and explain thoroughly.

No plagiarism

Excellent English and good flow

No grammar typos

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Erving Goffman in The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life , seems to treat the self as consisting of several roles or as based on the different ways in which people interact with each other. For example, in his work, he argues that “while persons usually are what they appear to be, such appearances could still have been managed” (p. 58). This is the view that Goffman takes as he argues in this work that the self must be viewed in its relations to others. He further points out that it is possible for some to look at a person’s actions and the roles that the person carries out and try to assign what may appear in those roles as something permanent. But Goffman does not think that this is a wise thing to do, since it is possible that when people act, they could do so honestly or dishonestly, and could manage the role that they perform to give a certain impression of them. If one believes that a person’s self is permanent, then one could be easily misled, as Goffman holds. In order to make his point, Goffman notes that sometimes a performance is carried out dishonestly, and sometimes a performance is carried out with utter honesty, but an observer cannot decide based on this behaviour what the person’s self is all about. The reason for this is based on Goffman’s theory that the self is really the performance of roles. As Goffman notes, “The implication here is that an honest, sincere, serious performance is less firmly connected with the solid world than one might first assume” (Goffman, p. 58). Goffman uses several examples to show why self must be seen in the different social roles that people perform and not in some fixed view of what the self is. For example, he speaks of theatrical performances, which is very successful and convincing, which may be seen as a “staged confidence game” carried 1 out with “thorough scripting” as the observer does not get a permanent view of the person’s self (Goffman, p. 60). Thomas G. Miller (1986) critiques Goffman’s work, arguing that Goffman sees “the need to abandon the passive conception of the actor,” and instead to see the actor as performing several roles (p. 185). But Miller claims that Goffman sees the actor or performer and the social roles as distinct, and does not “allow this distinction to stand for long before dissolving it by means of a reapplication of rile analysis” (p. 185). In other words, Goffman sees the person performing different roles, and does not see these roles as part of the individual’s personality (Miller, p. 186). Miller believes that the individual could have a self, and believes that Goffman has gone too far in making the self only a fiction. According to Miller, Goffman’s dramaturgical model of social interactions distinguishes between the self as performer or action and the self as performed, and that Goffman has gone too far in dissolving the self into strictly observation of roles. I do not agree with Miller’s critique that Goffman has taken the focus of the social too far by making it the entire focus of the self. I believe that the self is really a display of the various roles that individuals play in their relation to each other, and that no personality is completely fixed. The way that one could observe another’s self is by looking at the things that the individual does. The relationships in which the individual interacts differ, depending on the circumstances, and the individuals with whom the interaction takes place. One cannot see inside the individual’s self, only by looking at behaviour. But behaviour is based on roles. Therefore, I do not think that Goffman took the social a step too far in making it the focus of the analysis of the self. I disagree with 2 Miller that while social roles can be structured and influenced by the individuals around a person, that it is problematic to shrink the personal sphere to the point where it disappears. After all, the personality or the self of an individual is only relevant with respect to the relations that that individual has with others. Furthermore, for someone to know the self of an individual, one has to look at the way that the individual interacts with others, which brings us back to Goffman’s theory that it is in the social that one can identify the self through the various roles that the individual plays. 3 References Course lecture – September 28-Octobe 5, 2018. Goffman, dramaturgy and the presentation of self. Goffman, E. (1959). Presentation of Self in Everyday Life Miller, T. M. (1986). Goffman, Positivism and the Self. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 16, 177-195. 4
My earlier discussion of the self was as something influenced by social factors and by our relationships. I also saw the self as developed through our personal and social identity. The social identity is where we fit into the society and shows that we are influenced by communities. However, the personal identity was seen as a personal element related to self that came about as a result of personality traits. As I read this early perception of the self, I agree with basically what I said, but will change the idea of the personal identity, which shows that there is a self that has a personal element that is based on personality traits. I thought of the self as having a permanent element. However, as I look at my ideas now, I think that part of my earlier explanation of self where I saw myself as having a permanent element may not be how I see the self today. I think today that the self must be seen in relationships with society. When the individual is born, he or she is free of everything, and brought into the society, it is the society that becomes to shape the individual. I see Goffman’s idea of the self as consisting of several roles, and I accept this definition of the self, for the individual learns from birth what is acceptable and not acceptable in the society. In other words, the self learns what the social roles are in the society and tries to take on the roles that society says are appropriate. Therefore, individuals, wanting to give society an idea of them may manage these roles. Therefore, as far as Goffman is concerned, there is self as performed, what society says the person should be like, and self as the performer, with the individual giving an impression of himself or herself that he or she wants society to hold. I see Med’s idea of the self fitting neatly into this discussion, because Mead distinguishes between the social self that is socially constructed and the self that is the 1 result of reflexivity. This fits neatly into my understanding of the self, and what was said before, because there is a socially constructed view of what the self of an individual is, but the individual also has a perception of himself or herself and which is in how the self performs. My view of the self has become stronger because of the various theorists I have read during the term and which impressed on me that the self is being socially constructed and s self constructing, in all instances being influenced by the society, which has the power to shape the individual from north. There is no permanent self that has certain characteristics. Individuals may choose to behave in certain ways because of the society in which they were born, and because of the reaction of the individual to the society. As self grows, it takes on social roles in relation to society. 2
The self is not something from birth but is developed over time from social experiences and activities. In order to understand one’s own self we must understand the relationship between one’s own self and society. There is a relationship between and individual and society. Whatever a person does is not because of their own choice or personal preference. For example, exercising can be a healthy benefit for one’s self, but also can be a social benefit by joining a community (team). Our behaviours are influenced by others, social acceptance is important to us. Moreover, it is obvious that our choices or influenced by the people around us. The self helps us understand how we are different from others. The self is influenced by social factors such as relationships. Relationships helps us understand how we think others views us and how we want to be seen by others. Our self is developed through our personal identity and social identity. As humans, we all have our own personality that is made of personality traits and other characteristics that make us unique. However, the social groups we belong in like our communities, religion and ethnic group shapes who we are. Actions and choices, we make are hugely influenced by whatever is around us. As a result, the “self” basically emerges from social interaction.

Tutor Answer

School: UT Austin


Running head: SOCIAL SELF

The Concept the Social Self
Name of Student
Institution Affiliation


The social self of an individual is the manner by which he or she collaborate sociality
with others. The social self is about warmth, association with others, providing for other people,
kinships, love and so on. The social self is an extraordinary determinant of the joy of a person.
Social self-decides how secure you feel in a social environment and on the off chance that you
connect enough with your colleagues, instructors frame companions and so forth.
Our self is established over our personal individuality and social personality. We depend
on others to give a "social reality"— to enable us to figure out what to think, feel, and do. The
self-idea and confidence are resolved in huge part through the procedure of social correlation.
Social examination happens when we find out about our capacities and abilities, about the
suitability and legitimacy of our sentiments, and about our relative societal position by looking at
our ve...

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