List 11 examples how communities
can create environments and policies that
promote health and wellness .
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Health promotion is the process that enables people to improve or have greater control over their health. The aim of health promotion is to help an individual or group reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. It involves an individual or group being able to: • identify and realise aspirations • satisfy needs • change with the environment. Health promotion makes it possible for people to increase control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health.
3. Community-based Work e.g. community transport Environmental health e.g. Reusable bags Preventative Health services e.g. breast cancer screening Organisational Development e.g. health promoting schools Health education e.g. Sexual health and drug education in schools Health Promotion Public Policies e.g. Banning smoking in restaurants, pubs and clubs Economicregulatory activities e.g. Restrictions on the sale of alcohol Figure 3.1 Health promotion encompasses a range of activities
4. Responsibility for health promotion Health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector. The responsibility is shared among individuals, community groups/schools, health professionals, health service institutions and governments. They must work together to provide a health care system that promotes health.
5. Individuals Health is created and experienced by people within the settings of their everyday life; where they learn, work, play and love. Health promotion includes and encourages individual responsibility and action.
6. Community groups/schools Community health programs may have targets on varying scales. They may be directed at individuals, local communities, states or the entire country. Health information is provided to the general public through the mass media. Architects, engineers and urban planners also contribute to health. Schools have an important role in health promotion with health education and personal development important parts of the school curriculum eg. sun protection in the playground.