leaders must motivate employees. Research major motivational theories, and pick 3 theories to discuss.

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1000 to 1500 words APA format, in text citation, references.

In this assignment, you will select, describe and examine three motivational theories in the first three bullets below. In a fourth section, you will select one of the theories and explain why you believe it could be usefully applied in a work context from your experience.

For each motivational theory, address the following:

  • Briefly describe each theory, including its history, foundation, model, and application.
  • Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each theory.
  • Explain options and strategies an organization can use to apply this theory to motivating employees.
  • Select one theory that you or your manager could use in your current or previous workplace to motivate employees that you believe would be effective. Explain the reasons for your choice.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running head: THEORIES OF MOTIVATION

Theories of Motivation and Their Applications in Organizations
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THEORIES OF MOTIVATION

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Introduction

Motivation refers to inspiring, stimulating, and inducing employees to perform to the best
of their ability. Motivating employees is vital to any organization because a motivated workforce
implies a highly productive staff. The consequences of an organization operating without
employee motivation include high turnover that may derail organizational success (Gkorezis &
Kastritsi, 2017). There are numerous theories of motivation, and they influence the outcomes of
employee satisfaction. This paper discusses three theories of motivation that include Maslow’s
Hierarchy of needs, motivator-hygiene theory, and McClelland’s need achievement theory and
their application in organizations.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a motivation theory that was coined by Abraham Maslow,
a psychologist in 1943. Maslow suggested that individuals prioritize their needs and increase
what they want to attain in life according to importance (Taormina & Gao, 2013). Maslow
indicated that healthy individuals have needs and these needs are organized in a hierarchy, with
psychological and safety needs becoming before social needs. Maslow developed a five-phase
theory that places needs of people in diverse categories based on biological, physical, social and
psychological aspects (Taormina & Gao, 2013).
These categories in the order of decreasing priority include psychological needs, safety
needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. Psychological needs should be
met for an individual to survive, and they include the necessities for survival such as food,
shelter, and clothing. Safety includes the wellbeing and physical protection while social needs
refer to friendship with others (Taormina & Gao, 2013). Esteem needs are acknowledgments
from others while self-actualization is the desire to accomplish a feat. These five hierarchies are

THEORIES OF MOTIVATION

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further categorized into growth needs and deficiency needs. Deficiency needs comprise
physiological safety, social and esteem needs while growth need s a...


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