Argumentative Research Paper
A clear thesis. Make a
specific argument about
your topic. Bold this
Reasons. Provide reasons
to support your argument.
Aim for one reason per
Rhetorical Appeals. Make
sure you utilize a balance
refute it. Highlight this blue.
Choose a topic that addresses how technology has
impacted your field of study or chosen career. What
are the improvements? Are there any controversies?
Above all, choose a topic that interests you, and craft
a 1,500-2,500-word research paper, which makes a
clear argument. Below are some possible topics:
Technology and Bullying (Cyberbullying)
Technology and Crime (Cyberstalking)
Technology and Addiction
Technology and Education
Technology and Human Interaction
Technology and Social Justice Movements
Technology and Privacy
Technology and Sense of Self (Identity)
Technology and Food
Technology and Transportation
Technology and the Medical Field
Technology and the Military
Technology and the Workforce
Another topic approved by the instructor
Signal Words & Phrases.
Include at least 15 different
types of transition words
and signal phrases from
the “Templates &
Transitions” and “Making
Moves with Sources”
handouts. Highlight these
Works Cited. Include a
Works Cited page, which
contains 4-6 credible and
current outside sources
you quoted in your paper.
Highlight your quotes in the
text of your essay green.
Prof. Sarah Martin
Professor Sarah Martin
24 May 2017
Word Count: 1,513
Hungry for Technology
When I think of technology and food, the first thing that comes to mind is my Instagram
feed. All the yummy food that bloggers and foodies post to their social media feeds makes me
think happy thoughts. However, there is more to food and technology than just pictures of food
and trying to find the location they’re from. Advancement in communication and technology are
helping with the understanding of the food industry and community. In this day in age we are
becoming more aware of what we eat, where it comes from, how it’s made and why it matters.
This is now the golden age of technology and there are many things in our everyday lives that it
affects without us paying much attention. Technology isn’t just one thing; it’s a broad word that
includes information, biotechnology, and automation to name a few. In addition, corporations,
government offices, researchers and scientists are using technology to track data, help farmers
and promote food to consumers. Our countries population is growing by the minute, not to
mention the global population as well. We are connected to one another so easily through
technology. As this number grows, so do our needs. Technology is imperative to help us as
societies understand the importance of food and how our “hunger” is connected to
technology like never before.
As consumers, we do our best to understand what we are putting in our bodies. For the
most part we read labels, do research, look online and try to be healthy. The reality is many
people do not do the things I listed. Genetically modified food ingredients or what we know
them by GMO’s have been around for a very long time. GMO’s are generally safe for people and
the earth. That’s why now it’s more important than ever that technology play a part in helping
farmers who in turn help consumers and the environment. For example, a genetically engineered
crop called DroughtGard was approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture six years ago.
This crop can continue to grow even throughout droughts. In addition to this crop, there is a
soybean genetically modified being used in Argentina that can withstand water shortages. These
GMO’s are helping farmers around the world provide food in safe way. However, this is not
without concerns. While many countries in Europe have not fully embraced this type of
technology, it may be only a matter of time. In his article, “Doubts About the Promised Bounty
of Genetically Modified Crops”, Danny Hakim states, “An analysis by The Times using United
Nations data showed that the United States and Canada have gained no discernible advantage in
yields – food per acre – when measured against Western Europe, a region with comparably
modernized agricultural like France and Germany”. Although I grant that these are valid
numbers, I still maintain changes are already happening in the ecosystems, climate changes and
at this point farmers need all the help they can get. The benefits of GMO’s with changing
technology will only improve as time goes on.
Agriculture and farmers are now turning to technology to provide support on farms
across the country. Farmers are now using drones, satellites, soil sensors, smart phones and
computers to name a few, to assist with all aspects of keeping the farm running and feeding
America. According to Jayson Lusk, in his article “Why Industrial Farms Are Good for the
Environment”, “That’s one reason they’re turning to high-tech solutions like precision
agriculture. Using location-specific information about soil nutrients, moisture and productivity of
the previous year, new tools, known as ‘variable rate applicators,’ can put fertilizer only on those
areas of the field that need it (which may reduce nitrogen runoff into waterways)”. Technology is
helping with the use of water, fertilizer, gmo’s and even herbicide-resistance crops. These crops
are a good example of helping famers control weeds, all without plowing. It has become
common today to dismiss farmers. However, they are the reason we are alive and this new
technology will help ease the burden on farmers of having to feed us.
A long time ago there was an animated show called The Jetsons. It was set in a futuristic
utopia with robots, aliens and other innovative things. So when I read about 3-D food printing, I
envisioned Rosie the Robot “cooking” food for the family using a 3-D printer. Although that was
just a kid’s show about the future, the reality is 3-D food printing does exist now. Granted, this
technology is still in its early stage, it does have a promising future. As Chris Horton states, in
his article “Commercial Kitchens Getting a Taste of 3-D Printed Food”, “At the heart of this
concept is 3-D printing technology, still in its earliest stages, but offering the promise of greater
efficiency in the production of food, with less waste and more customization”. The costs of these
machines are quite expensive, which is why it’s mostly being used in commercial settings. Not to
mention it’s taking away from the art of cooking. Here many chefs would probably object that
these will replace chefs and cooks. However, once all the flaws and kinks are worked out, this
technology will help the average person provide nutrient filled meals for themselves and their
family. These may even become as common as a microwave in the future.
Hunger in the United States, has been an underreported, sad problem that’s been going on
since the first days of this country. We live in a time where people throw away and waste food
like it’s no big deal. Except it is a big deal and it’s one that needs to addressed. According to
Tina Rosenburg, in her article “Going Digital to Rescue Food”, “By some estimates, about 40
percent of all food in America is wasted. Much of it ends up in landfills, where it emits
dangerous-to-the-plant methane gas”. Yet many families are going to be hungry because they
don’t have enough food. New technology is helping organizations like Feeding America, Food
Rescue USA and Rescuing Leftover Cuisine. Using an algorithm, recipients and donors are
matched up through Meal Connect. This will give restaurants instant connections with their
closest food banks. Smaller organizations like Food Rescue USA use apps to guide volunteers.
Giving those instructions and calendars on where they can find food and where to take it. I too
am guilty of throwing food away, when it’s perfectly good. But with this new technology,
hopefully it will make people more aware and eager to help the less fortunate.
Food is one of the most popular topics on social media. As technology is growing so is
the marketing of food products. Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, apps for your smart phone are
altering the way we view food. Social media “Influencers” are changing the game. Influencers
are typically average people on social media that take it upon themselves to promote things they
like. Companies send them free goods or even pay them to promote their products on social
media. Madeleine Shaw who is food vlogger and blogger is a good example of this. She would
blog her healthy recipes to her website and started building a following. She has over 200,000
followers on Instagram and is working on a cookbook. Technology is taking this type of
marketing by storm, proving you don’t always need a celebrity or a super bowl ad to get the
word out. In her article, “Social Media ‘Influencers’: A Marketing Experiment Grows into a
Mini-Economy”, Sarah Halzack maintains that “In other words, while influencer marketing rose
to prominence as a raw, credible antidote to the slick world of television and glossy magazines, it
has metastasized into something every bit as calculated”. Anyone familiar with technology
should agree that social media has changed the way we view things like food. Influencers, of
course, may want to question whether changing technology will either hurt or help them.
Nonetheless, technology has revolutionized the landscape of marketing and promoting food on
In conclusion, we can’t think about food without truly thinking about technology.
Technology is important because it has made it easier to farm, sell, promote, prepare and eat
food. Sure we can start a garden in our backyard and throw a few chickens and cows back there
too. Except for most people that’s not a reality. Ultimately, what is at stake here is the simple
way we consume food. Technology keeps growing and changing, and it affects every single one
of us. For example, when I sit down for dinner the last thing on my mind is the farmer who used
new gmo’s to grow the soybeans, which were bought by the company that made the pasta, which
I then purchased after seeing it advertised online. I even acknowledge that I might throw away
my leftovers, of course that is before writing this paper. Now I look at food and technology
different and understand there’s more to it. My conclusion is that we have to remind ourselves
how important technology is in all aspects of our lives, including the food we eat.
Hakim, Danny. "Doubts About the Promised Bounty of Genetically Modified Crops." The New
York Times. The New York Times, 29 Oct. 2016. Web. 18 May 2017.
Halzack, Sarah. "Social Media 'influencers': A Marketing Experiment Grows into a Minieconomy." The Washington Post. WP Company, 02 Nov. 2016. Web. 18 May 2017.
Horton, Chris. "Commercial Kitchens Getting a Taste of 3-D-Printed Food." The New York
Times. The New York Times, 24 Oct. 2016. Web. 17 May 2017.
Lusk, Jayson. "Why Industrial Farms Are Good for the Environment." The New York Times. The
New York Times, 23 Sept. 2016. Web. 17 May 2017.
Rosenberg, Tina. "Going Digital to Rescue Food." The New York Times. The New York Times,
02 May 2017. Web. 09 May 2017.
Senthilingam, Meera. "The Tech Solutions to End Global Hunger." CNN. Cable News Network,
24 Feb. 2017. Web. 08 May 2017. .
English 120 #9676
15 July 2016
Word Count: 1,500
How Technology Negatively Affects Human Interaction and Relationships
Technology has been vastly advancing and spreading throughout the world for years and
continues to become bigger and better more and more each year. With new models of computers,
new upgraded phones, versions of 3D televisions, and even more, consumers and lovers of
technology are always seeking the new and next big item on the market. But in today’s society,
people are losing sight of what is most important in life which is human interaction. All of the
extravagant technology is becoming detrimental to our society and it is not difficult to see how it
has impacted and made an effect on human interaction and relationships. Here, many teenagers
especially would probably object that technology has such a negative impact on our lives.
Technology has a negative effect on our brains, family relationships, romantic
relationships, friendships, and human behavior.
Technology has its negative effects on the brain. In Chris Morris’ news article “Is
Technology Killing the Human Brain” from CNBC, he addresses, “Scientists at the Chinese
Academy of Sciences found that the brain chemicals of people who habitually used the internet
had abnormal connections between the nerve fibers in their brain. These changes are similar to
other sorts of addicts, including alcoholics.” Morris argues that as people are becoming more
connected to cyberspace, that new behaviors are evolving, explaining how technology is killing
the human touch because of how many people are connected to the internet as well as the amount
of hours society uses technology in a day. Ultimately, some things that are at stake here are
communications, relationships, and day-to-day interactions with others. Morris continues his
article with a look on a research study in 2014: “The iPhone effect: the quality of in-person
social interactions in the presence of mobile devices.” This study observes 100 couples who had
a 10-minute conversation while their phone was present. Researchers concluded that the
individuals continued to use their phones communicated less. When the same individuals
engaged in conversation without their phones, the conversations resulted in greater empathy.
While some people might disagree with this research because they don’t think their cell phone
use is negatively affecting their lives, I agree with the results of this research by having similar
experiences in situations with a phone present. For example, phones at the dinner table distract
from conversations. It is commonly found that in today’s time many people will be out to eat
with loved ones or friends using their phone. Morris’s article emphasizes how the addiction to
technology is negatively affecting our brains and I think that most readers would be able to
agree. Furthermore, in Jim Steyer’s article, “How Does Addiction to Technology affects
behavior?” from CNN, Steyer explains what addiction means and how kids and adults spending
time with their screens is affecting their behavior but in fact we don’t know how technology is
altering behavior. A statement in the article mentions, “It is important to reflect on how our
human connections are being altered by our technological connections. The truth is, we simply
don’t know enough about how our human interactions and behaviors.” The author was writing
this article to warn parents whose children who are glued to their electronic devices. Therefore,
parents especially should be responsible for limiting their children’s time with social media to
help promote a healthier lifestyle.
In addition to how technology affects our brains, technology can also have a negative
impact on family relationships. In Dr. Jim Taylor’s blog “Is Technology Creating a Family
Divide” from Huffington Post, Taylor informs readers how the impact of pop culture and
technology is growing more noticeable on children’s relationships with their families. Children
absorbing technology by texting and playing video games limits the availability to engage in
conversation with parents. Children who are victims of technology put a divide on the family
with the barrier of their phone, computer, or television. Taylor mentions, “Consider this. In
previous generations, if children wanted to be in touch with a friend, they had to call them on the
home phone which might be answered by a parent.” Now parents, cannot monitor their
children’s social lives as easily as they once could. At the same time that I believe children are
using technology way too frequently putting a divide on the family, I also believe the parents are
just as guilty. Furthermore, in an article from Nancy Shute titled, “Parents Not Kids, Are the
Biggest Abusers of Technology,” Shute emphasizes how parents are just at fault as children are
for the time spent on phones and all other electronic devices. Shute gives readers an example of a
parent who gives more attention to her phone than to her son, “The mom who’s on the phone
while pushing the kid on the swing has defeated the whole point of taking him to the
playground.” Not only children are responsible for not communicating with parents and siblings
from spending too much time with electronic devices but so are parents just as equally.
Unfortunately, parents are losing sight of the importance of the family bond by giving their
phones their full attention rather than their children. Children and parents are creating a family
divide with the time spent with technology, negatively affecting the relationships within the
Technology does not only affect family relationships, but also makes an impact on
romantic relationships. In Sharelle Burt’s article “Work, Relationships, and self,” from New
York Daily News, she argues that the internet and all sources of technology affects relationships
and I agree because in today’s time, it’s highly likely to see couples in a restaurant, one if not
both of them, on their phones. Facts stated by Burt include, “73% of women believe that
technology will make their relationships less authentic and 71% of men agree.” Phone addiction
begins when people start their day by checking Facebook, answering texts, and emails before
even getting out of bed. People are starting to be more connected to the internet than human
lives. Burt also claims, “More than one-third of the younger generation admitted to having a
relationship end due to technology.” How did this society become so addicted to technology that
some people let it ruin their relationships? I agree that technology can interfere with
relationships, a point that needs emphasizing since so many people are blindsided by how
technology is disconnecting them from human lives.
Friendships are also affected by technology. In Hilary Stout’s article, “Antisocial
Networking?” from the NY Times, she addresses how technology is affecting kid’s friendships.
Kids used to actually talk to each other by calling from home phones and playing outside with
friends after school which in today’s time seems to be somewhat of ancient idea. Technology is
affecting children’s friendships because more children are spending more time on technology
and less time interacting with friends face to face. Research findings from the Kaiser Family
Foundation found that, “American between the ages of 8 and 18 spend on average 7 ½ hours a
day using some sort of electronic device, from smartphones to MP3 players to computers.” The
evidence shows that that is 7 ½ hours a day children could be spending time with friends,
building friendships, participating in physical activities, making new friends, and engaging in
conversations with friends face to face rather than through a screen. Hilary Stout’s goal in this
article is to inform parents as to how how technology is negatively affecting the fri ...
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