I need help with this question please! Thank you!

Statistics
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

find a journal article that examines a quantitative study (not a qualitative study)

Provide an example of the statistical language used and one result using APA style, and then translate the example from statistical to real-world language.

  • What is the sample size used in the study?
  • What is the power and/or the alpha level?
  • What is the effect size of the results?
Jun 11th, 2015

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

The impact of the work environment of nurses on patient safety outcomes:


Abstract

Background

Patient safety is a priority for health services in all countries. The importance of the nurse's role in patient safety has been established. Effective nurse staffing levels, nurse education levels, and a positive work environment for nurses are factors which are known to impact on patient safety outcomes.

Objectives

This study sought to explore the relationship between the ward environment in which nurses practice and specific patient safety outcomes, using ward level variables as well as nurse level variables. The outcomes were nurse-reported patient safety levels in the wards in which they work, and numbers of formal adverse events reports submitted by nurses in the last year.

Design

This cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out within a European FP7 project: Nurse Forecasting: Human Resources Planning in Nursing (RN4CAST) project.

Settings

108 general medical and surgical wards in 30 hospitals throughout Ireland.

Participants

All nurses in direct patient care in the study wards were invited to participate. Data from 1397 of these nurses were used in this analysis.

Methods

A nurse survey was carried out using a questionnaire incorporating the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI). Ethical approval was obtained from the authors’ institution and all ethics committees representing the 30 study hospitals. Multilevel modelling was carried out to examine the impact of ward level factors on patient safety. These included proportions of nurses on the ward educated to degree level, and aggregated ward-level mean for PES-NWI scores.

Results

The study results support other research findings indicating that a positive practice environment enhances patient safety outcomes. Specifically at ward level, factors such as the ward practice environment and the proportion of nurses with degrees were found to significantly impact safety outcomes. The models developed for this study predicted 76% and 51% of the between-ward variance of these outcomes. The results can be used to enhance patient safety within hospitals by demonstrating factors at ward-level which enable nurses to effectively carry out this aspect of their role.

Conclusions

The importance of ward-level nurse factors such as nurse education level and the work environment should be recognised and manipulated as important influences on patient safety.



Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Jun 11th, 2015

Are you studying on the go? Check out our FREE app and post questions on the fly!
Download on the
App Store
...
Jun 11th, 2015
...
Jun 11th, 2015
Dec 9th, 2016
check_circle
Mark as Final Answer
check_circle
Unmark as Final Answer
check_circle
Final Answer

Secure Information

Content will be erased after question is completed.

check_circle
Final Answer