Respond to the stated question, including any relevance to and implications on the field of criminal justice. Be sure to discuss the issue(s) to which the question pertain(s). Remarks can include your opinion(s), but must be based on experience, research, and/or prior learning. Use this exercise to foster a rich dialogue with your colleagues about issues that are important to the field of criminal justice.
During the span of the discussion, you must post to this board on four unique days.
Your initial posting must be no less than 350 words.
You will also be required to post responses to at least three of your colleagues' initial postings. Responses must be no less than 100 words.
STATED QUESTION: This is your last active learning discussion (a collective sigh of relief can be heard).
In Chapter 15 of your textbook, the author discussed various factors that shape and determine our style of ethical inquiry, including feminist and masculine factors.
Please develop, while using outside sources, your own set of personal questions you might ask yourself when confronted with an ethical dilemma or situation and share them with each other.
An interesting one is the Bell, Book, and Candle. This system suggests that you ask yourself three questions before making a decision in an ethical situation:
Bell - Does the decision or action sound right?
Book - Does the decision violate any written laws, rules, or policies?
Candle - How will the decision look when exposed to the "light of day," or public scrutiny?
Each student is expected to have created and shared an ethical questionnaire that is simple and easily remembered to help the learner lead him/herself to ethical conclusions as each of you begin and/or continue your work in the criminal justice system.
Everyone is faced with their own ethical problems from time to time. Whether it is while we’re driving, at work, school or in our personal lives we tend to make decisions automatically without really thinking too hard about it. If we’re driving on a main road and see a car wanting to pull into the road we let them in without thinking about making that decision because it’s the right thing to do and we would want the same done for us.
However, there are some occasions where we are stuck in a true ethical dilemma in which we truly must sit down and weight our options. In these cases, the obvious answer is not so clear, and we must ask ourselves questions to help determine which route to go. These questions will vary depending on the scenario you’re in and the dilemma you’re facing.
I think if you are stuck between two decisions it is wise to ask yourself which decision will have the best outcome and the least damage. Even if it means that it will not benefit yourself you have to decide what brings the most common good.
I would ask myself if I have all the necessary information at hand to make the best decision possible. If there is information that I am not aware of it could affect my decision significantly. Blaming it on the fact that you did not know is not a justification for possibly making the wrong ethical decision.
Being on the topic of choosing between two factors. It is important to ask yourself who is all affected and how by going through each possible scenario. If other people are affected than you should consider how long these effects will likely last. If you decide to make a decision that will bring the quickest good that does not mean that is the right decision. The right decisions are what is best long term for everyone involved.
I would also ask myself what decision holds true to my own core values. Which means my own ethical believes and values. I would think about what decision I would be able to go to sleep with at night and not regret. At the end of the day I must live with this decision and even though it could possibly disadvantage me I would be happy knowing I did right by myself and did what I believed was best in the situation.
Banks, C. (2017). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Police
One of the things that most people fail to do is to remain the same ethical person behind or in front of closed doors. Sometimes people are faced with ethics and their decision depends on if they are in the eye of others or behind closed doors. for example, a person walking down the hall finds a wallet on the ground full of money. They pick it up and look around. No one else is paying attention. There are other people in the hall, but no one saw him pick up the wallet. Do this person just put the wallet in his pocket as if it is his and he dropped it? Do they ask around to see if someone up ahead dropped it? Do they turn it in? What do they do?
One of the first questions I would ask myself is if this happened to me would I want someone to turn it in? The next question is what would be the consequences of all possible outcomes? If I keep it, I could be theft by taken. If I turn it in, the next person could keep it and not turn it in to the owner. If I keep it, I could create bad karma for myself.
Ethical decision made by females or a person with more femininity, tend to make more ethical decisions faster than masculinity being dominant in a person. Women just are quicker and more thorough than most men. Men usually react without thinking of the possible outcomes of their decisions. Leong explains " An emphasis on reason does not imply a rationalistic account of morality. Instead, it acknowledges that reasons are necessary if moral judgments, and the people who make them, are to be seen as reasonable" (2008). That is what happens. when faced with ethical decisions, whatever amount of morality surfaces and has to make a decision. Sometimes a quick decision. Ethically problematic scenarios are not flagged out for us in real life. We have to be sensitised to them. They don't happen everyday in your life, but making the wrong decision could change you and your life for the rest of your life.
TEOH Chin Leong. (2008). Values Education and the Community of Ethical Inquiry. Retrieved from https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/applied-and...
To solve ethical dilemmas, it would be helpful to have a step-by-step process in the form of questions to determine which path to take. One of the most helpful methods to solve ethical dilemmas according to Tymchuk, (1982) is formal training in ethics. Tymchuk, a psychologist, wrote of an experience early in his career when he was treating a disabled child at the university where he taught. This gave students the opportunity to get some practical experience to complement their learning. However, according to Tymchuk, the child would often have tantrums on the way to the appointment which disturbed many of the other faculty members in the offices, prompting them to send an anonymous letter to him threatening to report him to the chairman, if he did not stop treating the child at the university. It was at that moment that Tymchuk wrote that he realized formal ethics training was non-existent in his profession, and he wanted to change it.
Some scholars such as Ford, Nonis, and Hudson (2005) cite cultural differences in values as another issue those faced with ethical dilemmas should consider. Although the study conducted by these scholars was concerning differences between Middle Eastern and American values in a consumer setting, their research finds that values may significantly change between cultures. Most importantly, Ford, Nonis, and Hudson find that values can determine behavior among people from the same culture. This is particularly relevant in the field of criminal justice because a criminal justice practitioner often works in communities where the culture and values are significantly different than their own. Therefore, understanding the values of the people that are involved with the ethical dilemma is critical in making the right decision to solve the dilemma.
According to Lageson, (2017) data from criminal justice sources are readily available to the public thanks to advances in technology. Lageson points out that it is easy for someone with access to a computer to find out criminal histories of individuals, or if there is any involvement with law enforcement at all, raising privacy concerns. Included in advances of technology is the advance of social media which spreads the news as quickly as it is happening (Bejan, Hickman, Parkin & Pozo, 2018).
So, three of the things that are helpful for an individual in solve an ethical dilemma are to remember ethics education and training, discern cultural differences in values, and consider advances in technology do raise privacy concerns, or can result in the individual being a popular news story. To apply these considerations into a step by step process to make an informed decision, this scholar proposes the following phrases:
- I don’t need to complain I am trained- Remember the training received from the profession, as well as in education. The situation may seem difficult to face, and every day is different for criminal justice practitioners, but it is likely someone else has gone through a similar event before. It is even more likely the scenario is not unlike a scenario discussed in an ethics class. So before making a decision, always ask “What does my training tell me I should do about this?”
- The most significant, everyone is different- The communities criminal justice practitioners serve are culturally different and most likely have different values than that the practitioner. Something may have happened in the community recently, or they value authorities from the government in a different way. It is essential to ask, “What do their values say about what I am doing?”
- Keep it or tweet it- By the nature of their profession, criminal justice practitioners are involved with some of the intimate parts of peoples lives. Some details would be very embarrassing or can cause serious consequences if it got out. At the same time, the professional must also realize there is always great potential for them to end up in the news, especially if they make the wrong decision. Therefore it is always worth asking, “Will my actions embarrass the people I am serving, myself, or bring shame to my agency or profession?”
Bejan, V., Hickman, M., Parkin, W. S., & Pozo, V. F. (2018). Primed for death: Law enforcement-citizen homicides, social media, and retaliatory violence. PLoS One, 13(1) doi:http://dx.doi.org.saintleo.idm.oclc.org/10.1371/jo...
Ford, C. W., Nonis, S. A., & Hudson, G. I. (2005). A cross-cultural comparison of value systems and consumer ethics. Cross Cultural Management, 12(4), 36-50,2. Retrieved from https://saintleo.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://se...
Lageson, S. E. (2017). Crime data, the internet, and free speech: An evolving legal consciousness. Law & Society Review, 51(1), 8-41. doi:http://dx.doi.org.saintleo.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/la...
Tymchuk, A. J. (1982). Strategies for resolving value dilemmas. The American Behavioral Scientist (Pre-1986), 26(2), 159. Retrieved from https://saintleo.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://se...