Professor Sarah Martin
2 Dec 2018
Word count: 1086
In this 21st century, technology has taken over and brought about a global revolution. Each day,
people come up with innovations to ease both communication and way of doing things. The
economy has been a significant beneficiary in this since manufacturing and production have been
made easy. Many sectors such as agriculture have also greatly benefited through mechanization
of farm activities which has not only reduced the time taken doing various farm activities but
also led to increased levels of production. Globalization has come about through advancements
in technology. Communication has thus been made easy, and information can now be passed
through from one individual to another in split seconds. Even though the numerous advantages'
technology has brought about, it has also led to addiction in games, social media, and the
internet. Research conducted by Dr. Alter reveals that 40% of people have some particular kind
of internet addiction ranging from social media, email or pornography. Technology has become
ubiquitous both in private lives and in workplaces; therefore, people have generally resulted in
becoming so dependent on it. It is crucial that we discover how people and technology interact
typically in society.
With the numerous disadvantages that technology has brought about in the society, many
scholars have risen to educate the general public on the effects of addiction to technology.
According to Cash et al. (2013), the use of social media has led to Internet Addiction Disorder
(IAD) thus causing psychological disturbances, neurological complications, and social problems.
A research conducted on in America and Europe reveals a disturbing statistic with 1.5% to 8.5%
of the people exhibiting Internet Addiction Disorder (Weinstein A, and Lejoyeux M 2010).
Internet disorders cause massive impacts to the affected individuals, but there is hope since the
condition can be treated through epidemiology diagnostics (Petersen et al. 2009).
A research conducted on 200 university students (88 male and 112 female) reveals internet
addiction as one of the most prevalent forms of addiction (Kassiani et al. 2018). This ranges from
the use of social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, Skype, WhatsApp,
among other social media platforms. The research revealed that 48% of the total respondents
were always connected to the internet. This could lead to addiction since the users may have
developed relationships with people on the social media platforms thus making them still
attached for fear of missing out. 18% of the 200 students interviewed revealed that they could
not live without the internet since their lives would be in vain (Kassiani et al. 2018). People have
so much developed a dependency on the internet to the extent that some do not believe that there
is any reason for living if the internet was taken away from them. Social media is useful
especially in the sharing of information and forming symbiotic relationships; modality should,
however, be exercised to ensure that people do not get addicted thus lowering their productivity
potential especially among the young generation.
Computer games are some of the prevalent issues in society, especially among the youths and
children. Games could turn out to be addictive especially among the young generation if their
gaming is not monitored. In the 5th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders (DSM-5), internet disorder has been identified in section III that requires further
research. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the disease is mostly linked to the
male gender. Gaming is a form of behavioral addiction that makes individuals obsessed with the
playing of video and internet games (James et al. 2017). According to James, gaming addiction is
one of the behavioral disorders that requires a more heterogeneity approach to understanding the
issue. The youth and children form an integral part of the society since they help in securing the
future of the nation and the continuity of the human race. For higher productivity, it is crucial
that more research is conducted to cab this form of addiction and ensure that the young
generation does not waste up to their most productive age glued up in games. Gambling is also a
rising issue as many people are now beginning to take part in online gambling platforms all due
to the internet. Gambling on online sites is a real behavioral disorder that requires prompt
Internet addiction is a global concern as scholars try to contemplate the future of the coming
generation as technology becomes more and more ubiquitous. However, all lost is not lost since
behavioral disorder could be treated through; multimodal treatments, restart the program,
psychological and non-psychological approaches (Cash et al. 2012). A Cognitive Behavioral
Therapy (CBT) could also be utilized since it involves changing beliefs associated with trigger
Internet addiction is a severe problem, especially in adolescents. Researchers reveal that 0.8% of
adolescents in France (Poli and Agrimi 2012) and 8.8% of the adolescents in China (Xu J et al.
2012) are addicted to the internet. Internet addiction is a severe problem in China, and the nation
declared Internet addiction as an official behavioral disorder in 2008 (Barkoviak 2012). Internet
addiction has been linked to social demographic factors mainly affecting the young, the male
gender and those coming from families with higher income. Internet addiction could have severe
health impacts. Just like any other form of addiction, withdrawal from the internet could have
withdrawal effects which include, anxiety, depression, loneliness, neuroticism, and impulsivity
(Kuss et al. 2016).
Internet addiction is a real menace to the society that affects most of the adolescents and youths
in their most vulnerable ages which they are most productive. Addiction to technology could
hinder the youth from realizing their full potential. Once the adolescents become so emotionally
attached to the various internet sources such as social media and games, they could waste a lot of
time which they ought to be studying and realizing their goals. Technology is right since it leads
to increased levels of production in society and creates effectiveness in many sectors in the
economy. The negative impacts of technology are also numerous and outweigh the benefits. It
has created such a high dependency that some of the people in the society would end with death
if they were entirely denied access to the internet. I strongly refute that there could be any benefit
emanating from the indiscriminate use of technology in society. Internet addiction is a real
problem to society and warrants immediate action to hinder it from becoming a menace to
society since it affects the most critical part of the community (the youth).
Kuss, D. J., & Lopez-Fernandez, O. (2016). Internet addiction and problematic Internet use: A
systematic review of clinical research. World Journal of Psychiatry, 6(1), 143-76.
Kassiani, K., Evanthia, P., Rafailia-Iro, V., George, A. M., Nikolaos, B., & Dimitrios, T. (2018).
A Study about Internet Addiction of University Students, Journal of Educational and Social
Research, 8(1), 27-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/jesr-2018-0003
Poli R, Agrimi E (2012). Internet addiction disorder: prevalence in an Italian student population.
Nord J Psychiatry.;66:55–59.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM-5) Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013
Xu J, Shen LX, Yan CH, Hu H, Yang F, Wang L, Kotha SR, Zhang LN, Liao XP, Zhang J, et al.
(2012). Personal characteristics related to the risk of adolescent internet addiction: a survey in
Shanghai, China. BMC Public Health.;12:1106.
James, R., & Tunney, R. J. (2017). The relationship between gaming disorder and addiction
requires a behavioral analysis. Journal of behavioral addictions, 6(3), 306-309.
Barkoviak M (2012). China makes Internet addiction an official disorder. Daily Tech.
Retrieved 3rd December 2018 from https://www.wjgnet.com/2220-3206/full/v6/i1/143.htm
Cash, H., Rae, C. D., Steel, A. H., & Winkler, A. (2012). Internet Addiction: A Brief Summary
of Research and Practice. Current psychiatry reviews, 8(4), 292-298.
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