Terminology in Political Science

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In political science, what is the differences among nation-state, state, and nation? 

please explain and point out the distinguishing features among them. 

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sometimes the nation and state are used interchangibly 

  • "A state is an organized community living under a unified political system, the government" .

    This is basically just a community (usually in a specified territory) that was ruled by a specific government.

  •  A nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, or history.

    Note that a nation has no required geographical tie-in . But they must/should, as a rule, share history, culture and language

  • The idea of a nation and a state being the same thing ("Nation-state") is fairly new in modern politics (it came about as one of the consequences/results of Peace of Westphalia, which ended the 30-year-war in Europe

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New York University

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