Georgia Washington

timer Asked: Dec 9th, 2018
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Question description

Make sure the book report talks about his leadership and whether he was a moral and ethical leader.

Also read the attatched document for further instuctions.

First Entrepreneur : How George Washington Built His--and the Nation's--Prosperity
by Lengel, Edward G.

MEMORANDUM TO: Students Selecting the George Washington Book as Their Engagement Project FROM: Dr. Orrin K. Ames III RE: Suggested Thoughts for Reading and Discussing the George Washington Book I am providing this Memorandum, not as a mandatory guide, but as a suggested guide, for reading, thinking about, and discussing the book written by Edward G. Lengel titled: First Entrepreneur: How George Washington Built His – and the Nation’s – Prosperity. You have selected this book for your engagement component this Term. Dean Edwards will be conducting a Book Club discussion on 7 November at 11:00-1:00 with the author on the Troy Campus. The author will be live on the Campus to participate in this discussion. You can participate in that meeting live on the Troy Campus or via WebEx. Alternatively, you can participate in a session that I will hold on 13 November at 4:00-5:00 on the Dothan Campus in Malone Room 220. You can participate live in that room or via WebEx. Let me know by 5 November which option you are selecting. What I want to do with this Memorandum is to simply give you some thoughts and/or paradigms for your consideration as you read the book. I am not trying to “frame” your thinking. I am simply offering some perspectives. I have set out my thoughts below. How We Read A question that I want you to ask yourselves is: How do I read? What I mean by that is to ask yourself through what prisms do you read? One person can read this book purely from the informational standpoint of reading a biography in order to learn more about George Washington. Another person can read the book looking for the historical context in which Washington lived his life. One person can read the book looking for skill sets that Washington had and developed that relate to entrepreneurship,1 wealth creation, and wealth accumulation.2 Personally, I read the book through the prism of learning about Washington as a leader and whether he was a moral and ethical leader. 1 See ANDREW J. DUBRIN, LEADERSHIP: RESEARCH FINDINGS, PRACTICE, AND SKILLS 128, 130-131 (2013 7th ed.) (entrepreneurial leadership). 2 But cf. “Washington’s last prayer in his proclamation was that God ‘grant unto all mankind’ – not prosperity – but ‘such a degree of temporal prosperity as he alone knows best.’ In other words, too much prosperity might not be a good thing, and if not we should not have it. What a virtuous thought.” Justice Antonin Scalia, Commencement Address, Langley High School class of 1994, SCALIA SPEAKS: REFLECTIONS ON LAW, FAITH AND LIFE WELL LIVED 330 (Christopher J. Scalia & Edward Whalan, ed. 2017). Ask yourself if you are reading the book from a particular prism or frame because such prisms frame how you interpret the information that the author provides. Each of us can receive exactly the same factual information, but interpret and integrate that information in dramatically different ways. The bottom line is that it helps if we are self-aware enough to understand “how” we are reading this book. Ethical Leadership I suggest a reading of the Washington book through the prism of trying to learn who was this man as a leader. While this is not a book on leadership,3 we can still read the book through the prism of gleaning qualities and traits that made up his moral identity and his capacity for leadership. We all see and experience leadership in others. The consistent questions that we ask are “Who was this person? What made him or her an effective leader?4 Those are questions that we can have about Washington. I, therefore, suggest additional perspective questions to ask about him. Was he a moral leader who was authentically transformative and one who had the capacity to positively transform people? Hitler was a transformative leader because he transformed a nation and its people, but that transformation was toward evil. Did Washington transform people toward the good? Was he a transactional leader who was able to motivate people to accomplish tasks? Was he a charismatic leader? Was his leadership authentic?5 What type of leader was he?6 Equally informative is to ask whether we see in the chronology of his life a “strategy to build character,”7 or did events do it?8 Posing the inquiry in terms of ethical leadership informs us about the effects of who he was on people, and especially those who he directly led and affected.9 A more central question, however, that precedes our assessment of him as a leader is, what was his “moral identity”?10 Asking that question allows us to read his story and to look for the antecedents that made him who he was – his character, his moral compass i.e. his moral identity. Looking for those dimensions of who he was will give us a much better insight into the man, why he was able to do what he did, why he had the effects on others that he did, and how he became a figure of almost Biblical proportions to our American culture.11 3 See, e.g., MARK MCNEILLY, GEORGE WASHINGTON AND THE ART OF BUSINESS: LEADERSHIP PRINCIPLES OF AMERICA’S FIRST COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF (2008). 4 See generally John Michel, Great Leadership Isn’t About You, HARV. BUS. REV. 2 (Aug. 22, 2014). 5 See generally Bruce J. Avolio & William A. Gardner, Authentic Leadership Development: Getting to the Root of Positive Forms of Leadership, 16 LEADERSHIP Q. 315 (2005). 6 See, eg., Major Graham. H. Bernstein, Lessons in Leadership from George Washington, 42 THE REPORTER 19 (Nxiiio. 3). 7 DAVID BROOKS, THE ROAD TO CHARACTER, xiii (2015). 8 See generally PETER G. NORTHOUSE, LEADERSHIP: THEORY AND PRACTICE 8-9 (8th ed. 2018) (emergent leadership). 9 See generally Weichun Zhu, et al., The Effect of Authentic Transformational Leadership on Followers and Group Ethics, 22 LEADERSHIP Q. 801 (2011). 10 See generally Karl Acquino & Americas Reed, II, The Self-Importance of Moral Identity, 83 J. PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHO. 1423 (2002). 11 Cf. Simon P. Newman, Principles or Men? George Washington and the Political Culture of National Leadership, 12 J. EARLY REPUBLIC 477 (Winter 1992). Furthermore, asking questions about his moral identity allows us to read the book to determine if there is evidence of, or demonstrations of, his internal and symbolized dimensions of his moral identity.12 His story then becomes more real and more relevant to our lives. If we study the antecedents of a person’s moral identity, we have a much better appreciation of our own. Suggested Corollary Readings I suggest the following corollary readings to understand our culture as it was in the time of Washington and to provide a better historical framework for understanding who we are today: 1. ROBERT N. BELLAH, ET AL., HABITS OF THE HEART: INDIVIDUALISM AND COMMITMENT IN AMERICAN LIFE (1985). 2. ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE, DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA (trans. George Lawrence ed.). For some good reading on “character,” see: 1. CLAYTON M. CHRISTENSEN, ET AL., HOW WILL YOU MEASURE YOUR LIFE? (2012). 2. DAVID BOOKS, THE ROAD TO CHARACTER (2015). 3. SCALIA SPEAKS: REFLECTION ON LAW, FAITH, AND LIFE WELL LIVED (Christopher Scalia and Edward Whalen, ed. 2017). 4. STEPHEN L. CARTER, INTEGRITY 7 (1996) (“[O]ne reason to focus on integrity as perhaps the first among the virtues that make good character is that it is in some sense prior to everything else. . . . “). Copyright 2018 Orrin K. Ames III 12 Id.

Tutor Answer

School: Purdue University




George Washington
Institution Affiliation


George Washington is considered as one of the founding fathers of the United States. He
was born in 1732 in Virginia and died in 1799 aged 67 years in his home at Mount Vernon,
Virginia. He was the first president of the United States of America from 1789-1797 earning the
trust of both the Southerners and the Northerners as well (Smith & Kinsler, 1969). Washington,
through his lifetime, proved to be a pacesetter and an individual who believed in hardworking

and consistent as pillars to build oneself. His approach in many affairs inspired his followers and
the nation, and much of the progress of the United States is believed to be fuelled by his
presidency and leadership.
Life and Leadership of George Washington
George Washington was an effective leader who had a strong presence among others. He
was an energetic and ambitious young man who believed in virtu...

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