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I need help to answer these questions please see the attachments ...


Urinalysis & Body Fluids Question 1. Which hormones affect the kidney? Explain your answer Question 2. What is Specific Gravity? What does it say about the urine specimen? Question 3. What are some of the sources of error associated with Urine Chemical Testing? Question 4. What characteristics (physical, chemical, microscopic) does a urine sample from a diabetic patient exhibit? Question 5. What are the physical properties of urine that are evaluated? What are some causes of abnormal colors of urine? What are some of the causes for changes in the clarity of urine? Question 6-8. Case Study#1 A patient visits the doctor complaining of chronic pain near the bottom of his rib cage. The doctor collects a urine sample and asks the patient to submit a stool specimen as soon as possible. The patient returns the next day with a stool specimen that is very pale in color. Urinalysis Results: Physical Exam Color Amber Clarity Clear Chemical Analysis pH Specific Gravity 1.015 Protein Glucose Ketone Nitrite Blood Bilirubin Urobilinogen Leukocyte E Other Tests SSA 6.0 Trace Neg Neg Neg Neg 2+ Normal Neg Trace Question 6. Which results are outside of normal range? Question 7. Is it likely that the urobilinogen is actually normal? 1 Question 8. What is the significance, if any, of the stool specimen? Question 9-12. Refer to the Chemical Examination of urine (reagent strip, confirmatory test) Question 9. Which urine test is most indicative of impending kidney disease? Question 10. Which urine tests are more indicative of liver disease? Question 11. Which urine test may indicate a Urinary Tract Infection(UTI)? Question 12. Which urine test may indicate hematuria? What would the results look like? 2
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Tutor Answer

School: UIUC


Urinalysis and body fluids
Institutional affiliation


Urinalysis & Body Fluids

Question 1
Which hormones affect the kidney? Explain your answer
The two hormones that affect the kidney are the aldosterone and the anti-diuretic hormone.
Aldosterone is necessary for sodium reabsorption while the anti-diuretic hormone is vital for
water reabsorption in the collecting tubules.

Question 2
What is Specific Gravity? What does it say about the urine specimen?
It measures the ratio of urine density compared with water density and provides information
on the kidney's ability to concentrate urine. A urinary specific gravity measurement is a
routine part of urinalysis. The reference range is 1.005-1.030.

Question 3
What are some of the sources of error associated with Urine Chemical Testing...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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