What would be a qualitative aspect of your hypothetical research question


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This semester My class has been working on a Hypothetical research question. My research question has been about social media and it's affect on adolescences with depression. Attached I have are 2 papers I wrote about this research question. The attachment called Exam 3 Take home is what the next paper needs to be be about.

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Take-home Essay for Exam 3 (worth 70% of Exam 3) Due in class on the day you take Exam 3 Write a 1000 word statement in which you propose a qualitative aspect of a hypothetical research project. Your first paragraph should introduce your proposed research question with a brief paragraph. In this paragraph you should: a) state the question you are researching as a question and b) describe the argument or debates you hope your research can address. Your research question does not have to be precisely the same as your original question. However, I recommend that you can propose a question which addresses some aspect of your original topic of interest, so that you can see how you might need to adapt your research in order to do a qualitative research project. In the following paragraphs, you should a) justify why qualitative research, as opposed to quantitative research would be well suited to addressing your question b) identify the main type of qualitative research design that you think would be most appropriate for your research question (participant observation, intensive interviews, case study or comparative research) c) explain why this design overall is well suited to addressing your question d) identify and explain the merits of the type of sampling strategy you would use to select your site or case (deviant, exemplars), e) describe the steps you would take to realize your study ( how you would gain access to your research cite/subjects and how you would represent your work to them or how would gain access to relevant data on your case(s)) f) explain how these steps would help you attain authenticity in your research (such as why you think your approach to gain and maintain access to a particular participant observation site, interview subjects or data on a case or comparison is the best strategy likely to yield the most authentic results) g) identify the type of sampling strategies you would use to select subjects or data within your sites or cases (such as quota, snowball, availability, purposive) and h) explain how these sampling strategies within sites/cases will shape the conclusions you are able to reach with your research (how generalizable it is, how it will enable you to examine or refine your main theoretical argument of interest). At the end of the research proposal, create the documents you would need to apply for IRB approval for research involving human subjects. This would include a statement for an IRB board as well as an oral script for obtaining informed consent. Introduce the statement with the subheading “IRB Statement”. The statement should a) describe how your research will relate to human subjects (what interaction if any, will you have with human subjects? Or what identifiable information, if any, would you collect from human subjects?) b) assess the potential harms (and benefits) to subjects of your research c) assess the risk of experiencing these harms and d) explain why the benefits of the study outweigh any potential risk of harm to the subjects. For the oral consent, adapt one of the scripts provided by BU’s IRB for your project. (Go to https://binghamton.edu/research/compliance/humansubjects/coeus.html and scroll down to find the oral consent sample to work from.) Liautaud 1 Jonah Liautaud Professor Leslie Gates Sociology 305 October 1, 2018 Take Home Essay The internet is a phenomenon that has become very important in our everyday lives. This has become even more true with the increased use of social media. Social media is a good way to communicate with other and get news, but there are some negatives that come with it. With the use of social media increasing there has also been an increase of depression among the youth according to some sources and cyberbullying has become common. Has the increase of technology and use of social media cause depression to affect adolescents or young adults? This is an important topic to discuss as social media year after year will become more imperative in our daily life. The research being conducted will be aim toward a scholarly audience so it can influence more people to do more research on the topic. The purpose of this research question would be explanatory because I want to find the cause and effect of social media and depression amongst our youth. With the information and sources I gathered I will be able to add to this topic and influence others to do more research on this subject. From this topic I know that there are possible debates that may occur from it. Some may question if social media may have a negative effect on people’s mental health, while others may say the opposite and suggest that it’s helpful. Some researcher have found the potential of social media or the internet as way to deal with mental health. ​Previous research from authors Gross, Juvonen, and Gable (2002) suggests that time spent online was not associated with daily Liautaud 2 well-being. What was found however is that the closeness of instant message communication partners are correlated with social anxiety and loneliness in school. This research can help make the argument that there isn’t much of a relationship with internet use and depression. Naslund (2017) has a study where he talks about how it's feasible for social media users with mental illness can use social media to make mental health services more widely available. What’s most interesting about this piece is that most participants “expressed interest in mental health programs delivered through social media, especially to promote overall health and wellbeing (72%) and for coping with mental health symptoms (90%)”. This shows how social media can be used to benefit people’s mental state if it’s done correctly. Also, there is another study done by Seabrook, Kern and Rickard (2016) where their aim was to identify and summarize research examining depression and anxiety with social networking sites. They found out that positive interactions on social networking sites were related to lower levels of depression and anxiety. While, negative interaction and social comparisons on social networking sites were related to higher levels of depression and anxiety. What’s interesting about this is that they found out that social networking sites being beneficial or detrimental was not found. The evidence suggested that Social networking sites use correlates with mental illness and well-being, but whether this effect is beneficial or detrimental depends partly on the quality of social factors. Another article by ​Almodovar, Silva, Surve, Axon, Cooper, and Nahata (2018) shows how technology can be useful in people’s mental health. A mobile app called ​Sinasprite was made to help ​coping skills and improve anxiety and depression. This was done with users answering questionnaires to obtain demographic and medical histories. Liautaud 3 This just demonstrates more that the advancement in technology and the internet can do many great things. The argument going against social media being a detriment is talked about less. Most sources support the fact that social media and the internet has an effect on many’s mental well-being in a negative way. ​Adolescents are the most frequent users of social media so they tend to be the victims mostly to cyber bullying or cybervictimization. In a 12 month study by Cole (2016) it was found out that cybervictimization predicted changes in negative cognitions, victimization-related cognitive reactions, and depressive symptoms. The results also showed that it was less stable than other forms of victimization and can increase with time. Also there is a study by ​Elhai, Hall, and Erwin (2017) that talk about how loss of social media can affect teenagers. Their results showed that emotion dysregulation was related to imagined social media loss and emotion dysregulation was not related to imagined smartphone loss. This suggests that emotion dysregulation is correlated with psychopathology from social media loss. From hearing both sides of the argument I lean with the side arguing that social media can lead to depression and has more of a negative effect than a positive one on adolescents mental state. This is due to the fact that there are more articles, scholarly journals, and books about the matter agreeing with that sentiment. So there is more facts and research done that see social media as a factor in depression. ​Becker and Lienesch (2018) in a study highlight that nighttime media use may contribute to sleep problems and affect adolescents with ADHD. This is shown with how adolescents with more night time media use have less than 8 hours of sleep. Teenagers that are not getting enough sleep may possible led them not feeling good or mentally well due to lack of sleep. Social media and other forms of technology is often used more than Liautaud 4 necessary especially by the youth. Social media and the internet as a whole can be used to help people’s mental state, but more information backs up the argument going against that. With my research I want to find out why that’s the case and add to the discussion. For this proposed research I feel that talking with 14-22 year olds would be very important as they use social media the most. I would like to know how many people in those groups are depressed and learn how active they are in social media to see how they relate. Than I want to see their reasoning behind their use of social media and see if it has been an avenue to deal with their mental health. Qualitative research would be done for my research as I want to understand the underlying reasons and motivations for people’s use of social media and learn how it can lead to cause depression for some people. Liautaud 5 Works Cited 1. Almodovar, Armando Silva, Swatee Surve, David Rhys Axon, David Cooper, and Milap C. Nahata. 2018. “Self-Directed Engagement with a Mobile App (Sinasprite) and Its Effects on Confidence in Coping Skills, Depression, and Anxiety: Retrospective Longitudinal Study.” JMIR MHealth and UHealth 6(3). 2. Becker, Stephen P. and Jessica A. Lienesch. 2018. “Nighttime Media Use in Adolescents with ADHD: Links to Sleep Problems and Internalizing Symptoms.” Sleep Medicine 51:171–78. 3. Cole, David A. et al. 2016. “Longitudinal and Incremental Relation of Cybervictimization to Negative Self-Cognitions and Depressive Symptoms in Young Adolescents.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 44(7):1321–32. 4. Elhai, Jon D., Brian J. Hall, and Meredith Claycomb Erwin. 2017. “Emotion Regulation’s Relationships with Depression, Anxiety and Stress Due to Imagined Smartphone and Social Media Loss.” ​Psychiatry Research​ 261:28–34. 5. Gross, Elisheva F., Jaana Juvonen, and Shelly L. Gable. 2002. “Internet Use and Well-Being in Adolescence.” ​Journal of Social Issues​ 58(1):75–90. 6. Naslund, John A. et al. 2017. “Exploring Opportunities to Support Mental Health Care Using Social Media: A Survey of Social Media Users with Mental Illness.” Early Intervention in Psychiatry​. Liautaud 1 Jonah Liautaud Professor Leslie Gates Sociology 305 November 20, 2018 Take Home Essay 2 As we have seen through out this generation technology has become more and more intricate in our daily lives. A big factor into this is the factor that social media and other social networking sites have grown and expanded with Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook, Linken, and etc. However, most people that tend to use social media are kids going through adolescence or young adults. This increased use of social media may have a correlation into increased depression amongst youth due to cyberbullying and poor self esteem being highlighted.​ Has the increase of technology and use of social media cause depression to affect adolescents or young adults? To conduct this research it will be done with a quantity research design using surveys to help get data and do an experiment. If I send surveys to teenages kid’s phones in different states, than I will have a reliable representative of how kids see social media and if it causes depression for them. It is important to do a phone survey with this topic as phones can reach many people in a timely matter. Doing these surveys in person would probably give the most generalizability, but going door to door or seeing all these people would be very time consuming and would take a very long time to collect the data. Furthermore, these surveys will be self-administered and not require your name, so the information will be disclosed. Also, since not everyone uses social media or looks at their mail, having this done through the phone will be the best solution. Mailing these surveys would also Liautaud 2 reach teenagers or young adults that are home school or do not attend school, so a larger audience will be reached with this. The problem with mailing the surveys is that there is a low response rate with that. Making sure that this experiment has the highest degree of generalizability is important because it eliminates bias and it helps find the general consensus. The level of analysis that will be needed for this experiment is on a macro scale because to make the experiment generalized and randomized this needs to been done on a bigger scale. The execution for this experiment would have to on a larger scale for the whole country of America because an accurate representation needs to be done for this. If this was done in a micro or meso scale it would be too small and limit results that I am trying to get for this. Conducting a survey is good for this experiment as doing a survey is superior to experiments in describing society and the main goal of this experiment is to explain society and how social media plays a factor into it. Also, surveys balance establishing generalizability with causality. The two main variables that will be looked upon for this experiment would be how long the subject uses social media in their daily life and if they feel that from using social media does it cause them to be depressed. The independent variable for this will be the time spent on social media as that will directly affect the dependent variable which is if social media makes them feel depressed. The series of questions that will be addressed and asked in this survey will also include other questions to see the effects of social media on the youth. For example, asking if they ever experienced cyberbullying, have you seen someone get cyber bullied, does social media ever make you feel insecure, why do you use social media, and many more engaging question. If someone uses social media on a daily basis from 2-3 hours a day they will be more inclined to have experienced depression due to social media? That’s the hypothesis I will work Liautaud 3 on for both the variables as it is direct and straight to the point. The independent variable will also be a continuous variable as there is endless answers and outcomes that can be answered for how long someone uses social media in their daily life. The dependant variable will also be a nominal variable as it is categorical data that can be in the yes or no column for the experiment. For the whole experiment I would like it to be continuous as there is a lot of possible answers and conclusions I want to be made from it. Validity and reliability are very important in experiments like this because they make or break the crediable of the research. A solution to a problem with no credibility holds no weigh in the grand scheme of things as they can not be backed up properly, thus the results will not be trusted and can not be builded upon later in the future. The validity for this experiment will be proven with criterion validity as I will need to compare these results with past reachect and studies on depression and if there is a correlation with that that and social media. There are sources and references I seen that have done research on this topic, so I will have enough sources to compare my findings in the future too. The reliability will be constant for this as I will make sure surveys have the same questions and that there are spread around to multiple areas to have generalization. IRB Statement: My research will be relevant and relate to my human subject as social media is the largest growing entity in the internet, so their will be a lot of opinions and views on this subject. Social media is still fairly new, but many of my subjects grew up with social media and have a great understanding of how it has been beneficial or harmful. The benefits of this research will be that if there is a correlation to depression and social media, we can discover that and than think about future steps to fix or prevent this from occurring. The harm of this Liautaud 4 experiment will be if we can not find a solution to this issue and some people may still suffer from this depression caused by social media. Another harmful effect is that if social media did cause some subjects depression, the survey may bring about bad memories from their time in social media. The benefits still however outweigh the harm because in the survey we learn about the experiences that they had with social media and this can lead to the direct cause of their depression. Solutions can be identified if we can enough data and this can help prevent many bad occurrences in social media. This is an important issue because as the world gets more technologically advanced, so will the influence and impact of social media. If this issue is not addressed in the future we may get outcomes worth than just depression. ...
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Effect of social media on the lifestyle of adolescents with depression.
The introduction of social media has influenced the behaviours individual to relate to one
another. For instance, the occasional visits that were carried before the emergence of social
media sites have decreased over time. The impact of social media platform is evidence seeing to
it that even the elderly have also joined the world of socializing using gadgets. The effect,
however, is intense as it is shown by the generation growing with the knowledge of social media
knowledge since childhood. Many social media sites have grown from Instagram, Snapchat,
Facebook, LinkedIn, and alike. Regardless of the social media platforms emergence having a
positive influence on the lives of people, there is a dangerous impact on children suffering from
depression. The kids in the teenage bracket have shown to have the most hours spent on social
media, an occurrence that explains the potential to be traumatized by other users. The increment
of cyberbullying on the internet is also a factor that has constituted to the increment in the
number of depression cases among adolescents. The study question is whether technological
advancement has taken part in the increased cases of cyber bullying on adolescent or young
adults. Since the information required for the research project require access to information from
individual far from one another (and usi...

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