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Running head: BUDDHIST EXAM
Bodhidharma was an influential Buddhist monk believed to have lived sometimes back in the
5th and 6th century. Believed to have been a third son of a great Indian king, he is credited
with the spread of Chan Buddhism across China, and many historians describe him as the
first Chinese patriarch known to history.
Buddha-nature is a term used to describe what is essential to a human being. In it, it includes
the cause that fits the life of the human person and the nature of man in regards to what they
will do to achieve that cause. Another understanding of Buddha-nature is the grounding that
forms the foundation of the Buddha, and everything encompassed including his essence as a
Poetry contest between Shen-hsiu (Shen-xiu) and Hui-neng led Hui-neng to conclude Shenhsiu had not yet attained enlightenment. The student of Hui-neng Shen-hsiu wrote the poem
in response to the master’s request to compose some writing to prove their understanding of
the essence of life. According to him, the poem written by the student despite rousing
attention from creative critics did not capture the essence of life according to the Hui-neng.
Direct (sudden) awakening is the increased awareness and consciousness in a persons,
surrounding, and self-identity. The meaning, and the purpose of life of such a person will
change, and will be involved in establishing a more positive existence, and influence here on
earth. It gives a person a sense of belonging in their new world, and increases the eagerness
to experience the environment.
No-thought, no-form and no-attachment refers to some form of detachment, where an
individual is able to overcome the affection or desire of things, people, concepts or any other
ideology that might hold them back, or inhibit their ability to think freely. The purpose of this
is to help an individual achieve a heightened sense, and perspective about themselves, and
Zazen has many definitions depending on the region or location of those practicing it, but in
all cases, it involves the effort by human beings to gain some insight, to understand their
existence. One can do this while sitting or in the Zazen posture with legs and hands folded,
with a settled but erect spine.
Dropping off body and mind is a reference by Zen monk Dogen describing the effect, and the
expected experience when one is pra...