Running Head: INTERNATIONAL RELATION
Since the end of the Cold war, the nature of conflict has changed tremendously in terms
of reasons for starting conflict, parties involved, methods used to conduct war, casualties as well
as conflict resolution across the globe with world organizations such as the United Nations (UN)
plying a major role towards establishing global peace and unity. It is evident that the old patterns
of conflict resolution have come unstuck and the current list of potentially epoch-making
changes is now clear: a new democratization wave, increased globalization of information, the
end of bipolarity era, economic power, increased efforts towards global coordination of securityrelated policies, a redefined sovereignty that calls for states to become responsible for their own
citizens as well as the global community and also the rush that is sometimes violent expressions
of claims to rights that are based on cultural identity.
One indication of changes that have occurred is noteworthy of decreased frequency in
terms of the death toll of 1990s international wars. However, the first decade of post-cold war
was marked by religious as well as sub-national ethnic conflicts, hence marking the bloodiest
since the advent of nuclear weapons (Kelsen, 1948). With this, it is too soon to ascertain whether
this shift in the most lethal warfare type is a lasting change as there is still continued presence of
borders that are contested across the globe between military potent states in African states, the
Middle East, Korea, Taiwan as well as Kashmir.
In the modern world today, coalitions of States have...