Research Paper

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Question description

Write a 4 page paper (ignore the instruction sheet where it says 10-12 pages) (not including the title page, abstract, and reference page) in current APA format in which the May-Can-Should (How) approach is applied in an in-depth fashion to a policy issue of your choice. Instead of focusing on just one policy analysis proposal, you must discuss 2, and only 2, pieces of legislation for solving your chosen policy problem. Accordingly, you must pay close attention to the grading rubric and use the Research Paper Template to properly format your paper. Both documents are provided.

PADM 550 RESEARCH PAPER INSTRUCTIONS In Module/Week 8, you will submit a 10–12-page paper (not including the title page, abstract, and reference page) in current APA format in which the May-Can-Should (How) approach is applied in an in-depth fashion to a policy issue of your choice. Instead of focusing on just one policy analysis proposal, you must discuss 2, and only 2, pieces of legislation for solving your chosen policy problem. Accordingly, you must pay close attention to the grading rubric and use the Research Paper Template to properly format your paper. Both documents are provided. Also note the Policy Brief vs. Final Paper comparison document for clarification on the similarities and differences between the Final Paper and the Policy Brief. You must include citations from: 1. All of the required reading presentations from Modules/Week 1–2, 2. The course texts, and 3. 15–20 additional scholarly sources. 4. Please feel free to use the following link for the purposes of additional research. Not all of the sources in this link are necessarily considered “peer reviewed” or “schoalrly”, but it is a good start. Submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of Module/Week 8.
FINAL RESEARCH PAPER RUBRIC Criteria Content (70%) Defining the Problem Advanced 92-100% 14 to 15 points: Overview of Root Causes; Competing Interpretations (i.e. how conservatives define the problem vs. how liberals define the problem). Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Introduce Policy Alternatives May: Biblical 9 to 10 points: Levels of Achievement Proficient Developing 84-91% 1-83% 12.5 to 13.5 points: 1 to 12 points: Overview generally provides the following: Root Causes; Competing Interpretations (i.e. how conservatives define the problem vs. how liberals define the problem). Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. 8 to 8.5 points: Overview fails to include all of the following: Root Causes; Competing Interpretations (i.e. how conservatives define the problem vs. how liberals define the problem). Not Present 0 points Not present Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 1 to 7.5 points: 0 points Not present Reference and briefly discuss 2 and only 2 pieces of legislation which serve as solutions to the problem. Reference and briefly discuss 2 and only 2 pieces of legislation which serve as solutions to the problem. Reference and briefly discuss 2 and only 2 pieces of legislation which serve as solutions to the problem. Thoroughly explains how each bill attempts to solve root causes of the problem. Generally explains how each bill attempts to solve root causes of the problem. Often fails to explain how each bill attempts to solve root causes of the problem. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 14 to 15 points: 12.5 to 13.5 points: 1 to 12 points: 0 points Biblical guidelines for government involvement for each bill includes discussion of how inalienable rights, natural law, institutional separation of Church and State, Sin/Crime distinction Biblical guidelines for government involvement for each bill generally includes discussion of how inalienable rights, natural law, institutional separation of Church and State, Sin/Crime distinction Biblical guidelines for government involvement for each bill often fails to include a discussion of how inalienable rights, natural law, institutional separation of Church and State, Not present Total May: Constitutional and sphere sovereignty help determine if government is the appropriate sphere to address the issue. and sphere sovereignty help determine if government is the appropriate sphere to address the issue. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 14 to 15 points: 12.5 to 13.5 points: 1 to 12 points: 0 points Constitutional guidelines for government involvement as it relates to each bill. Constitutional guidelines for government involvement as it relates to each bill is provided for the most part. Minimal discussion of Constitutional guidelines for government involvement as it relates to each bill. Not present Generally includes references to specific enumerated powers and relevant Supreme Court cases as needed. Fails to include references to specific enumerated powers and relevant Supreme Court cases as needed and/or engages in vague use of the "General Welfare" clause. Includes references to specific enumerated powers and relevant Supreme Court cases as needed. Avoids vague use of the "General Welfare" clause. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Can: Political Sin/Crime distinction and sphere sovereignty help determine if government is the appropriate sphere to address the issue. Avoids vague use of the "General Welfare" clause. Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 9 to 10 points: 8 to 8.5 points: 1 to 7.5 points: 0 points Political Feasibility: 1) Use of relevant surveys, polls, etc.; and 2) Articulation of key political leaders, parties, etc. who are for and/or against piece of legislation. Political Feasibility: 1) Use of relevant surveys, polls, etc.; and 2) Articulation of key political leaders, parties, etc. who are for and/or against piece of legislation. Political Feasibility: 1) Use of relevant surveys, polls, etc.; and 2) Articulation of key political leaders, parties, etc. who are for and/or against piece of legislation. Not present Thorough discussion of whether or not the bill is likely to pass the House and Senate, and be signed by the Discussion of whether or not the bill is likely to pass the House and Senate, and be signed by the President. Minimal discussion of whether or not the bill is likely to pass the House and Senate, and be signed by the President. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Can: Financial 9 to 10 points: Financial Feasibilityincludes for each piece of legislation a thorough discussion of the following: 1) Cost of one piece of legislation vs. another 2) Cost of action vs. no action for each piece of legislation 3) Cost benefit analysis for each piece of legislation Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. 8 to 8.5 points: Financial Feasibility-generally includes for each piece of legislation: 1) Cost of one piece of legislation vs. another 2) Cost of action vs. no action for each piece of legislation 3) Cost benefit analysis for each piece of legislation Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Can: Practical 9 to 10 points: 8 to 8.5 points: Practical Feasibilityincludes for piece of legislation a thorough discussion of the following: Practical Feasibility-includes for piece of legislation an adequate discussion of the following: Discussion of physical resources, manpower, etc. needed to implement policy as well as practical challenges associated with implementing the bill, to include timing and logistics. Discussion of physical resources, manpower, etc. needed to implement policy as well as practical challenges associated with implementing the bill, to include timing and logistics. Discussion of necessary, practical steps needed to implement the bill Discussion of necessary, practical steps needed to implement the bill Work demonstrates a Work demonstrates a general President. Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 1 to 7.5 points: Financial Feasibility minimal discussion of the following: 1) Cost of one piece of legislation vs. another 2) Cost of action vs. no action for each piece of legislation 3) Cost benefit analysis for each piece of legislation Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. 1 to 7.5 points: Practical Feasibility-often fails to include for piece of legislation: Discussion of physical resources, manpower, etc. needed to implement policy as well as practical challenges associated with implementing the bill, to include timing and logistics. Discussion of necessary, practical steps needed to implement the bill Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Should Structure (30%) Sources 18.5 to 20 points: understanding of ideas from required sources. ideas from required sources. 17 to 18 points: 1 to 16.5 points: 0 points Persuasive summary of the key issues supporting your decision to either support, amend, and/or reject the legislation. Must be based upon the May and Can portions of your analysis. Generally persuasive summary of the key issues supporting your decision to either support, amend, and/or reject the legislation. Must be based upon the May and Can portions of your analysis. Not present Makes the case in light of what is going on politically and whether other political actors should support the legislation in light of competing political agendas. Generally makes the case in light of what is going on politically and whether other political actors should support the legislation in light of competing political agendas. Minimally persuasive summary of the key issues supporting your decision to either support, amend, and/or reject the legislation. Often not based upon the May and Can portions of your analysis. Work demonstrates a detailed understanding of ideas from required sources. Work demonstrates a general understanding of ideas from required sources. Advanced 92-100% 11 to 12 points: Proficient 84-91% 10 to 10.5 points: Fails to make the case in light of what is going on politically and whether other political actors should support the legislation in light of competing political agendas. Work demonstrates an inadequate understanding of ideas from required sources. Developing 1-83% 1 to 9.5 points: Not Present 0 points Not present All required sources from Modules/Weeks 1–2 (must include the "Biblical Principles of Government" article), Scripture, and the required readings and presentations from the assigned module/week are cited. Most of the required sources from Modules/Weeks 1–2 (must include the "Biblical Principles of Government" article), Scripture, and the required readings and presentations from the assigned module/week are cited. Few of the required sources from Modules/Weeks 1–2 (must include the "Biblical Principles of Government" article), Scripture, and the required readings and presentations from the assigned module/week are cited. Used 15-20 empirical sources Used 10-14 empirical sources Used 9 or less empirical sources Total APA format (citations and references) Page Length Grammar and spelling Professor Comments: 11 to 12 points: 10 to 10.5 points: 1 to 9.5 points: 0 points Sources are generally cited and listed in current APA format. Numerous deficiencies with respect to proper APA, grammar, and spelling. Not present 10 to 11 points: 9 to 9.5 points: 1 to 8.5 points: 0 points Length no less than 6 pages; not including title and reference pages. Length less than 6 pages but more than 5; not including title and reference pages 9.5 to 10 points: 8.5 to 9 points: 1 to 8 points: 0 points Proper grammar, and spelling are used throughout. For the most part proper grammar and spelling are used throughout improper abbreviations. Numerous deficiencies with respect to proper grammar, and spelling. Not present Sources are cited and listed in current APA format. Length less than 5 pages Not present Total: /150
Running head: YOUR PAPER TITLE 1 Your Paper Title Your Name Date Class Name and Section Dr. Kahlib Fischer YOUR PAPER TITLE HERE 2 Abstract YOUR PAPER TITLE HERE 3 Defining the Problem Overview Root Causes Competing Interpretations Impacts Policy Alternatives Legislation Option 1 Legislation Option 2 May Legislation Option 1 Biblical guidelines. Constitutional guidelines. Legislation Option 2 Biblical guidelines. Constitutional guidelines. YOUR PAPER TITLE HERE 4 Can Legislation Option 1 Political feasibility. Financial feasibility. Practical feasibility. Legislation Option 2 Political feasibility. Financial feasibility. Practical feasibility. Should Legislation Option 1 Legislation Option 2 Summary References

Tutor Answer

Wilbet
School: New York University

Attached.

Running head: S. 178 & S. 192

1

Your Paper Title
Your Name
Date
Class Name and Section
Dr. Kahlib Fischer

S. 178 & S. 192

2

Abstract
A growing number of elderly persons are being abused in the US. Nearly 1-2 million Americans
65 years of age and older have been abused. Elderly abuse can be emotional, physical, sexual,
financial or verbal. Given the current aging population in the US, there is a need for policies to
address elderly abuse. In this regard, the government has signed into law two legislation that
seeks to prevent and prosecute elderly abuse crimes and increase aging services to the elderly
population. In 2015, President Obama signed into law S. 192, “Older Americans Act
Reauthorization Act” (2015). In 2017, President Trump signed into law S. 178, “Elder Abuse
Prevention and Prosecution Act.” The passage of both bills enjoyed strong bipartisan support in
both the House and the Senate. However, the implementation of both bills will face financial and
practical challenges. Nonetheless, both bills are necessary to address the problem of elderly
abuse in the US.

S. 178 & S. 192

3
Defining the Problem

Overview
There have been growing cases of elder abuse in the US. It is estimated that nearly 1 to 2 million
Americans 65 years of age and older have been neglected, exploited or harmed by a caregiver
(Nursing Home Abuse Center, 2018). Mistreatment of the elderly refers to executing deliberate
actions that cause harm or danger of harm to an elderly individual by a trusted individual or
caregiver of an elderly individual. Mistreatment of elderly persons involves neglect, physical
abuse, financial abuse, emotional or verbal abuse, and sexual abuse. Nearly 90 percent of
offenders who abuse the elderly persons are family members such as partners, grownup children,
spouses, and other family members. Additionally, the incidence of elderly abuse is often greater
where the family member has substance abuse problems or mental health problems or where the
family member feels burdened by the care of their close family member (Nursing Home Abuse
Center, 2018).
There has been an increasing trend toward higher reporting of elder abuse according to statistics
from Adult Protective Services in every US state. However, elder abuse is often underreported
making it difficult for law enforcement to address the problem. Currently, there are more than 46
million people aged 65 and older in the United States. The elderly population currently accounts
for nearly 14.9 percent of the total United States population. The US has an increasingly aging
population. It is projected that the population of persons 65 years of age and older will double to
more than 98 million by 2060. The aging US population makes it important for policymakers to
adopt legislation that can help prevent and prosecute abuse of elderly persons.

S. 178 & S. 192

4

Root Causes
There are various factors that account for the causes of elderly abuse. Existing literature on elder
abuse has emphasized on the victims, factors that motivate the abuser and the contacted between
the victims and abusers. Other studies examining the causes of elderly abuse have focused on the
caregiver stress model. The caregiver stress model proposes that the mistreatment of the elderly
can be associated with the stress related to giving care and aid to the weak and extremely
dependent elderly individual (National Institute of Justice, 2013). In this sense, n...

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