Computer Science

Question Description

I’m working on a Computer Science question and need guidance to help me study.

What steps should government take to curb cyber crime

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Final Answer

1) Education - Hackers aren’t the only ones who can gain power from information. By educating
yourself about the types of scams that exist on the Internet and how to avert them, you are putting
yourself one step ahead of the cybercriminals.

Since phishing is prevalent, read up on the latest phishing scams and learn how to recognize a
phishing attempt. Remember, phishing is when hackers attempt to lure you into revealing personal
information by pretending to be a legitimate organization or person. These scams often play off major
new stories, so keep informed on the latest news-related scams.

2) Use a firewall - Firewalls monitor traffic between your computer or network and the Internet and
serve as a great first line of defense when it comes to keeping intruders out. Make sure to use the
firewall that comes with your security software. And if you have a home wireless network, enable the
firewall that comes with your router.

3) Click with caution - When you’re checking your email or chatting over instant messenger (IM), be
careful not to click on any links in messages from people you don’t know. The link could take you to a
fake website that asks for your private information, such as user names and passwords, or it could
download malware onto your computer. Even if the message is from someone you know, be cautious.
Some viruses replicate and spread through email, so look for information that indicates that the
message is legitimate.

4) Practice safe surfing - When navigating the web, you need to take precautions to avoid phony
websites that ask for your personal information and pages that contain malware. Use a search engine
to help you navigate to the correct web address since it will correct misspellings. That way, you won’t
wind up on a fake page at a commonly misspelled address. (Creating a phony site at an address
similar to the real site is called “typosquatting,” and it is a fairly common scam.)
You may also want to use a product like McAfee®
software to help you navigate.
SiteAdvisor software is a free browser tool that tells you if a site is safe or not right in your search
results, so you are warned before you click.

5) Practice safe shopping - In addition to practicing safe surfing, you also need to be careful where
you shop online. Be cautious when shopping at a site that you’ve never visited before and do a little
investigation before you enter your payment information. Look for a trustmark, such as McAfee
, to tell you if a site is safe.
And when you’re on a payment page, look for the lock symbol in your browser, indicating that the site
uses encryption, or scrambling, to keep your information safe. Click on the icon to make sure that the
security certificate pertains to the site you are on.
You also want to look at the address bar to see if the site starts with “https://” instead of “http://” because this is another way to see if the site uses encryption.
When it comes time to pay, use a credit card instead of a debit card. If the site turns out to be
fraudulent your credit card issuer may reimburse you for the charges, but with a debit card your
money is gone.

Finally, evaluate the site’s security and privacy policies in regards to your personal data.
6) Use comprehensive security software and keep your system updated - Because hackers have a
wide variety of ways to access your system and information, you need comprehensive security
software that can protect you from all angles. Software like McAfee® SecurityCenter, available preloaded on Dell™ PCs, can help protect you from malware, phishing, spyware, and other common and
emerging threats.
Just make sure that you keep your security software up to date by selecting the automatic update
function on your security control panel. And don’t forget to perform regular scans.
You also want to update your operating system (OS) and browser with the latest security patches. If
you are a Microsoft Windows user, you can enable automatic updates to keep your OS safe.

7) Secure your wireless network - Hackers can access data while it’s in transit on an unsecured
wireless network. You can keep the hackers out by enabling the firewall on your router and changing
the router’s administrator password. Cybercriminals often know the default passwords and they can
use them to hack into your network.
You may also want to set up your router so it only allows access to people with passwords that are
encrypted. Check your owner’s manual for instructions on setting up encryption.

8) Use strong passwords - Although it may be easier for you to remember short passwords that
reference your birthday, middle name, or pet’s name, these kinds of passwords also make it easy for
hackers. Strong passwords can go a long way in helping secure your information, so choose a
password that is at least 10 characters long and consists of a combination of letters, numbers and
special characters. Also consider changing your password periodically to reduce the likelihood of it
being compromised.

9) Use common sense - Despite the warnings, cybercrime is increasing, fueled by common mistakes
people make such as responding to spam and downloading attachments from people they don’t
know. So, use common sense whenever you’re on the Internet. Never post personal information
online or share sensitive information such as your social security number and credit card number.
Exercise caution when clicking on any links or downloading any programs.

10) Be suspicious - Even if you consider yourself cyber savvy, you still need to keep your guard up for
any new tricks and be proactive about your safety. Backup your data regularly in case anything goes
wrong, and monitor your accounts and credit reports to make sure that a hacker has not stolen your
information or identity.
Although protecting yourself does take some effort, remember that there are a lot of resources and tools
to help you. And by adopting a few precautions and best practices, you can help keep cybercrime from

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