Running head: BUSINESS ETHICS
1. What is the distinction (or the relationship) between pollution and resource
depletion? What are the most important types of pollution (text)? What harmful
effects does each form have on our lives, health, and economic well-being?
Pollution and resource depletion are two of the greatest threats to the environment. While
pollution refers to the undesirable and unintended contamination of the environment by human
activities, such as manufacturing, waste disposal, and burning fossil fuels, resource depletion
refers to the consumption of finite or scarce resources. The relationship between pollution and
resource depletion exists in that through pollution, there is widespread contamination of air,
water, and other natural resources including land. This leads to a diminished benefit that these
natural resources have to humans. Continued pollution leads to impacts such as climate change,
land degradation, soil erosion, nutrient depletion, and water scarcity and salinity. The cumulative
effects of these changes threaten food security, biodiversity, and carbon fixation and storage.
From the textbook, air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution are the most important types
of pollution. Air pollution leads to global warming, Ozone depletion, acidic rain, and airborne
toxic which have contributed to an increased loss of agricultural activity and health issues such
as asthma and cancer among others. Water pollution, on the other hand, is attributed to an
increase in waterborne diseases and the destruction of the aquatic ecosystem while land pollution
is associated with human contact with hazardous materials and metals.
2. What are the prospects for continued economic growth? What ethical problems
pertain to continual growth?
There are many prospects associated with continued economic growth. One of the advantages of
continued growth is the reduction in unemployment. Continued economic growth is associated
with higher output and positive economic growth, which in return leads to increased job
opportunities reducing the overall rate of unemployment. Other than this, continued economic
growth also leads to higher income which translates to the overall improvement of the quality of
life. Through increased economic growth, overall taxes increase which in return increase
government spending. This in return improves the quality of life since governments can spend