final paper

Anonymous
timer Asked: Dec 12th, 2018
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Question Description

hi I need to revise only two paragraphs

I got comment from the prof

rapport building is trying to build a relationship with the suspect. For instance talk about his family, what he likes to do. No talk of the crime at this point. A commonality is something that you have in common with the suspect. For instance, you both came from a broken home or you were both abused as children. Other than those two areas it looks good.


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(Insert your Surname) 1 Student’s Name Instructor Course Date Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations Introduction Through interviews and interrogators, investigators seek to find the truth from the suspects. The investigators in most cases try to act as comedians by incorporating humor into their interrogations but remain focused on finding out the truth. Rather than asking whether the suspect is telling the truth, investigators observe and evaluate the verbal and physical behavior of the suspects (Wicklander and Zulawski 32). They are also able to ascertain whether the suspect is telling the truth by finding their attitude towards the investigations in general and the investigators. On this basis, some phrases and actions should act as the foundation of the interrogation process to build a good rapport with the suspect. It is important to note that over the time, there have been several deviations in the interrogation process with some people resulting to the use of torture and killing and others drugs to obtain information from the suspect. These deviations are unlawful as the rights of the accused persons are guaranteed under the US democratic process. Therefore, though torture and killing may have led to a high rate of confessions, they are illegal. In the present case, interrogation of Rex Dalton over the molestation of his 14 and 15-year-old stepdaughters has to take the rationalization direction. (Insert your Surname) 2 Rapport Building Irrespective of how the investigator chooses to interrogate the suspect they must build a rapport to reduce resistance. The best approach to build rapport with Rex Dalton a 54-year-old man accused of molesting his 14 and 15-year-old stepdaughters ids adoption of the emotional approach in the interrogation. In this regard as the interrogator, I will confront Rex Dalton not on the circumstances or details of his involvement in the molestation of the step-daughters but on the reasons why he might have done it. This will talk about the approach where I will try to rationalize with him by offering reasons or excuses which will help him save face while at the same time admitting his involvement in the incident. The use of rationalization is a better approach to emotional appeal which is effective in building a good rapport (Wicklander and Zulawski 217). By allowing the suspect to save his face, it will make it easy for him to talk of his guilt especially given that he is a religious man who has been married for five years to Elma. This approach will offer to save the face of the suspect and make the reasons for his involvement in the molestation of his stepdaughters appears understandable under the circumstances. Legal Requirements (Miranda) While interrogating the suspect, it is important to inform him of his right to remain silent on any question asked. This is based on the fact that anything he will say in the course of the interrogation may be used against him in the court of law (Wicklander and Zulawski 77). Rex Dalton also must be informed of his right to consult an attorney and even have that attorney present during the interrogation. If he is unable to appoint a lawyer, then one must be selected for him. On the right to remain silent, it must be noted that if the suspect chooses to exercise the right in the interrogation process, the interrogation must stop. Further, if Rex Dalton invokes his right to have an attorney present, then the questioning must cease until the attorney can be (Insert your Surname) 3 present. Importantly, once the suspect is informed of the Miranda rights before the interrogation, he must acknowledge them otherwise it may be interpreted as a waiver as the Miranda requirements. There are two important requisites before Miranda warning is issued to the suspect. The suspect must be in the police custody and under interrogation. Therefore, if the two requirements are not proved then anything Rex Dalton says can be used against him in the court of law. The police custody in this means that one must have been deprived of his/her freedom of action in a significant way. Therefore, Rex Dalton must be under police arrest first before the Miranda warnings are given to him. Finally, the warning must be made before the interrogations start. Therefore until the questioning begins, Rex Dalton is not owed the Miranda warning. Commonality The whole essence of interrogating the suspect is to establish the truth about the allegations. Therefore, under commonality, the first aspect is to prepare and develop a strategy on countering the resistance by the suspect from confessing. This must be done while considering the legal; constraints in the criminal investigation (Wicklander and Zulawski 56). The plan will be effective is it is developed in considerations of why and how people lie, discussion of their verbal and physical behavior as well as the reasons for denial. The other step is to consider the non-accusatory way of interviewing by focusing on the gathering of facts, cognitive interviewing and use the method that will help Rex Dalton to recall the details of the case. The approach is this case should be a persuasive one where the suspect's perception will be altered and convince him to tell the truth without regard to the consequences. Throughout the interrogation, the interrogator must show understanding and establish credibility in persuading the suspect to make confessions. (Insert your Surname) 4 Rationalization Rationalization is important in the whole process as it influences the suspect. In interrogating Rex Dalton, a 54-year-old man, the first part will be in the form of the fact-finding interview without including any accusatory element. The critical focus on this part of interrogation will be on his personal life including marriage life. I will ask questions aimed at shifting the blame to another person while acknowledging that he is religious. I will try to restore the hope of the suspect by showing them in case he molested his stepdaughter; the circumstance might have caused it (Wicklander and Zulawski 248). In this, I will be alluding to the fact that he has been married to Elma for five years and the molestation is said to have been going on for the past three years. This means that at 54 years and being a religious man the abuse might have something to do with his marriage to Elma hence he is just a victim of circumstances. I will try to shift his mind to the resolution of the abuse mystery rather than the consequences thereof. I will encourage Rex Dalton to tell the story in a narrative form and repeat it severally to see if he gets lost in details. My line of interrogation will focus on separating the suspect from the alleged abuse of the stepdaughters. This, of course, will be done concerning the background information available on the suspect. Accusation After the investigator has considered the attitude, image, and position, they need to decide the approach to be used in the interrogation. The choice of the particular accusation is based on some factors. Key among them is the suspect's history, their personality, and type of case. The certainty of the suspects and guilt and facts of the case are also critical in determining which approach is to be adopted in securing the suspect's admission. In the present case, I would (Insert your Surname) 5 use the introductory statement approach which uses the factual components and making an emotional appeal to the suspect to save his face. This particular accusation is flexible because the introductory statement does not make any allegations even where there is overwhelming evidence to support the claims of abuse (Wicklander and Zulawski 280). Development of Admission The acceptance by the suspect of one of the assumptions questions by the investigators point to the acknowledgment of their involvement in the issue under investigation. Therefore the investigators should take this admission and develop it into a legally acceptable confession by having the suspect give more details about their involvement in the crime (Wicklander and Zulawski 406). In the present case, the line of development will be on the suspect answering the questions around the accusations of abuse of the stepdaughters. Closing To conclude, in criminal and forensic investigations, the investigators need to build strong rapport with the suspect. The suspect can even make confessions on their involvement in crime solely on their respect and trust of the investigators. The investigators must take into consideration the legal requirements to ensure that the interrogation process does not violate the rights of the suspect. The success of the interrogation will be enhanced by the emotional approach, helping the suspect save face and changing their perception of the situation. This approach will help investigators obtain information which is critical in resolving the abuse allegation on Rex Dalton. (Insert your Surname) 6 Works cited Wicklander, Douglas and Zulawski, David. Practical aspects of interview and interrogation. CRC press, 1992. Retrived from http://rageuniversity.com/INFORMANTSANDINFILTRATORS/files/Practical%20Aspe cts%20of%20Interviews.pdf (Insert your Surname) 1 Student’s Name Instructor Course Date Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations Introduction Through interviews and interrogators, investigators seek to find the truth from the suspects. The investigators in most cases try to act as comedians by incorporating humor into their interrogations but remain focused on finding out the truth. Rather than asking whether the suspect is telling the truth, investigators observe and evaluate the verbal and physical behavior of the suspects (Wicklander and Zulawski 32). They are also able to ascertain whether the suspect is telling the truth by finding their attitude towards the investigations in general and the investigators. On this basis, some phrases and actions should act as the foundation of the interrogation process to build a good rapport with the suspect. It is important to note that over the time, there have been several deviations in the interrogation process with some people resulting to the use of torture and killing and others drugs to obtain information from the suspect. These deviations are unlawful as the rights of the accused persons are guaranteed under the US democratic process. Therefore, though torture and killing may have led to a high rate of confessions, they are illegal. In the present case, interrogation of Rex Dalton over the molestation of his 14 and 15-year-old stepdaughters has to take the rationalization direction. (Insert your Surname) 2 Rapport Building Irrespective of how the investigator chooses to interrogate the suspect they must build a rapport to reduce resistance. The best approach to build rapport with Rex Dalton a 54-year-old man accused of molesting his 14 and 15-year-old stepdaughters ids adoption of the emotional approach in the interrogation. In this regard as the interrogator, I will confront Rex Dalton not on the circumstances or details of his involvement in the molestation of the step-daughters but on the reasons why he might have done it. This will talk about the approach where I will try to rationalize with him by offering reasons or excuses which will help him save face while at the same time admitting his involvement in the incident. The use of rationalization is a better approach to emotional appeal which is effective in building a good rapport (Wicklander and Zulawski 217). By allowing the suspect to save his face, it will make it easy for him to talk of his guilt especially given that he is a religious man who has been married for five years to Elma. This approach will offer to save the face of the suspect and make the reasons for his involvement in the molestation of his stepdaughters appears understandable under the circumstances. Legal Requirements (Miranda) While interrogating the suspect, it is important to inform him of his right to remain silent on any question asked. This is based on the fact that anything he will say in the course of the interrogation may be used against him in the court of law (Wicklander and Zulawski 77). Rex Dalton also must be informed of his right to consult an attorney and even have that attorney present during the interrogation. If he is unable to appoint a lawyer, then one must be selected for him. On the right to remain silent, it must be noted that if the suspect chooses to exercise the right in the interrogation process, the interrogation must stop. Further, if Rex Dalton invokes his right to have an attorney present, then the questioning must cease until the attorney can be (Insert your Surname) 3 present. Importantly, once the suspect is informed of the Miranda rights before the interrogation, he must acknowledge them otherwise it may be interpreted as a waiver as the Miranda requirements. There are two important requisites before Miranda warning is issued to the suspect. The suspect must be in the police custody and under interrogation. Therefore, if the two requirements are not proved then anything Rex Dalton says can be used against him in the court of law. The police custody in this means that one must have been deprived of his/her freedom of action in a significant way. Therefore, Rex Dalton must be under police arrest first before the Miranda warnings are given to him. Finally, the warning must be made before the interrogations start. Therefore until the questioning begins, Rex Dalton is not owed the Miranda warning. Commonality The whole essence of interrogating the suspect is to establish the truth about the allegations. Therefore, under commonality, the first aspect is to prepare and develop a strategy on countering the resistance by the suspect from confessing. This must be done while considering the legal; constraints in the criminal investigation (Wicklander and Zulawski 56). The plan will be effective is it is developed in considerations of why and how people lie, discussion of their verbal and physical behavior as well as the reasons for denial. The other step is to consider the non-accusatory way of interviewing by focusing on the gathering of facts, cognitive interviewing and use the method that will help Rex Dalton to recall the details of the case. The approach is this case should be a persuasive one where the suspect's perception will be altered and convince him to tell the truth without regard to the consequences. Throughout the interrogation, the interrogator must show understanding and establish credibility in persuading the suspect to make confessions. (Insert your Surname) 4 Rationalization Rationalization is important in the whole process as it influences the suspect. In interrogating Rex Dalton, a 54-year-old man, the first part will be in the form of the fact-finding interview without including any accusatory element. The critical focus on this part of interrogation will be on his personal life including marriage life. I will ask questions aimed at shifting the blame to another person while acknowledging that he is religious. I will try to restore the hope of the suspect by showing them in case he molested his stepdaughter; the circumstance might have caused it (Wicklander and Zulawski 248). In this, I will be alluding to the fact that he has been married to Elma for five years and the molestation is said to have been going on for the past three years. This means that at 54 years and being a religious man the abuse might have something to do with his marriage to Elma hence he is just a victim of circumstances. I will try to shift his mind to the resolution of the abuse mystery rather than the consequences thereof. I will encourage Rex Dalton to tell the story in a narrative form and repeat it severally to see if he gets lost in details. My line of interrogation will focus on separating the suspect from the alleged abuse of the stepdaughters. This, of course, will be done concerning the background information available on the suspect. Accusation After the investigator has considered the attitude, image, and position, they need to decide the approach to be used in the interrogation. The choice of the particular accusation is based on some factors. Key among them is the suspect's history, their personality, and type of case. The certainty of the suspects and guilt and facts of the case are also critical in determining which approach is to be adopted in securing the suspect's admission. In the present case, I would (Insert your Surname) 5 use the introductory statement approach which uses the factual components and making an emotional appeal to the suspect to save his face. This particular accusation is flexible because the introductory statement does not make any allegations even where there is overwhelming evidence to support the claims of abuse (Wicklander and Zulawski 280). Development of Admission The acceptance by the suspect of one of the assumptions questions by the investigators point to the acknowledgment of their involvement in the issue under investigation. Therefore the investigators should take this admission and develop it into a legally acceptable confession by having the suspect give more details about their involvement in the crime (Wicklander and Zulawski 406). In the present case, the line of development will be on the suspect answering the questions around the accusations of abuse of the stepdaughters. Closing To conclude, in criminal and forensic investigations, the investigators need to build strong rapport with the suspect. The suspect can even make confessions on their involvement in crime solely on their respect and trust of the investigators. The investigators must take into consideration the legal requirements to ensure that the interrogation process does not violate the rights of the suspect. The success of the interrogation will be enhanced by the emotional approach, helping the suspect save face and changing their perception of the situation. This approach will help investigators obtain information which is critical in resolving the abuse allegation on Rex Dalton. (Insert your Surname) 6 Works cited Wicklander, Douglas and Zulawski, David. Practical aspects of interview and interrogation. CRC press, 1992. Retrived from http://rageuniversity.com/INFORMANTSANDINFILTRATORS/files/Practical%20Aspe cts%20of%20Interviews.pdf ...
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Emmywriter
School: New York University

Attached.

(Insert your Surname) 1
Student’s Name:
Instructor’s Name:
Course:
Date:
Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations
Rapport Building
Rapport building refers to the creation of a relationship with the suspect. It is an effective
strategy in the investigation because it creates a comfortable environment for the interviewee.
Through rapport building, an informal conversation is influenced, and the interviewer listens and
responds curiously, (Collins, et al., 2005). ...

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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