nothing specific its a final test and need the answeres

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Just need the right questions for my final test for Political science the book is called the irony of democrocy 17th edition

Final Exam (Ch. 8-14) The Irony of Democracy 17th ed. Directions: Do not write on the exam. Please select the best answer choice for each question. Raise your hand if you have a question. No wandering eyes, it will be considered breach of proper testing conditions, and ALL exams will be forfeited. Ch. 8 1. According to the text, Congressmen a. spend most weekends in DC raising money from interests groups. b. spend minimal time in DC and long weekends in their home district or state. c. spend most weekends in caucus meetings in DC. d. spend most weekends on junkets paid for by lobbyists. 2. Prior to taking office, the majority of Senators hailed from which of the following professional background? a. Business c. Law b. Education d. Physician or scientist 3. Overall, the number of African-American congressmen has ______________________. a. increased c. remained the same b. decreased d. become stagnant 4. The second largest ethnic group in America (after whites) is a. African America. c. Asian America. b. Hispanic or Latino/a. d. none of the above. 5. In recent decades, party control of the House and Senate a. has remained stable. b. has seen both houses change party leadership. c. has seen the House become nearly completely republican. d. has seen the Senate overwhelmingly controlled by the democratic party. 6. Constituent service, or casework, is a form of “retail” politics where politicians a. hold press conferences to announce campaign plans. b. solicit campaign funds through the mail. c. help people on a personal level. d. have “town hall” meetings to reach out to constituents. 7. A legislator’s most relevant constituents are a. the major donors within their districts. b. the people in their district who voted for them. c. active and resourceful elites in their district. d. all of the above. 8. The efforts of Senators and Representatives to bring federal money home to their districts in the form of extra spending on various projects are called a. beef. c. cream. b. pork. d. tofu. 9. Which of the following is not an advantage incumbents have in seeking reelection? a. Name recognition c. A great voting record 1 b. Franking privilege d. A “War Chest” with political donors 10. “Smart money” backs a winner, so most campaign donations go to a. challengers. c. Democrats. b. incumbents. d. Republicans. 11. Which of the following is seen as a benefit for enacting term limits? a. More professional legislators b. More competitive open-seat elections c. Less influence by special interests d. Lower election costs 12. Which of the following is not one of the three most powerful committees of the House of Representatives? a. Rules c. Foreign Affairs b. Ways and Means d. Appropriations 13. Which of the following is not one of the three most prestigious committees of the Senate? a. Armed Forces c. Finance b. Foreign Relations d. Appropriations 14. Homestyle representation includes ___________________. a. personal appearances in home districts c. bringing “pork” to their district b. using staff to focus on constituents services d. all of the above 15. Applying the Theory of Democracy, the masses should ___________________. a. vote out all incumbents c. re-elect the incumbents b. insist on a balanced budget amendment d. invoke term-limits 16. The purpose of committee hearings is to a. influence interest groups. b. make major decisions on policy. c. influence public opinion. d. hear all available information on an issue. 17. Republicans in the House of Representatives assign committee memberships through a. the Speaker of the House. c. seniority. b. the Majority leader. d. a Committee on Committees. 18. The role of committee and subcommittee chairpersons is to a. select which bills are considered. b. select which issues will receive public hearings. c. establish the agenda. d. All of the above are true. 19. Experienced legislators are more likely to vote for unpopular bills because a. they know their constituents aren’t likely to respond. b. will maintain party support and funding. c. they have sufficient support amongst their colleagues. d. they represent “safe” districts and will not lose re-election. 2 20. Rules Committee membership is dominated by a. powerful campaign fundraisers. b. senior members from noncompetitive districts. c. party leaders’ favorites. d. popular colleagues with party support. 21. A Senate filibuster can only be ended by a. a quorum call. b. a cloture vote. c. motion for formal debate. d. nothing, as it is final. 22. Most amendments to a bill come during the part of the legislative process known as the a. committee meeting. c. floor vote. b. subcommittee meeting. d. conference committee. 23. The role of a Conference Committee is to a. rewrite bills to ensure passage. b. reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill. c. introduce legislation . d. debate amendments to a bill. 24. Which of the following is a power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives? a. Referring bills to committee b. Appointing conference committees c. Recognizing those who wish to speak on the floor d. All of the above are powers of the Speaker. 25. The __________ presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president. a. Speaker of the House c. president pro tempore b. majority leader d. majority whip 26. Political party whips a. ensures congressional members are present for all votes. b. play an important role in legislation. c. solicit support for the leadership. d. all of the above. 27. Polarization on Capitol Hill a. has produced more conflict between political parties. b. has brought about less bipartisan cooperation. c. caused legislative gridlock causing fewer bills to be passed during session. d. all of the above 28. The biggest divide in American politics remains a. the size and role of the military. b. the size and role of corporations. c. the size and role of the budget and spending. d. the size and role of the government. 29. This is likely the most important power that Congress can use: _______________. a. the power to declare war c. the power of the purse 3 b. the power to increase taxes d. all of the above Ch. 9 30. For the elites, the president’s function is to a. propose policy initiatives. b. mobilize influence within the system. c. supervise the management of the government and the economy. d. all of the above are true. 31. The president’s function for the masses is to a. provide a vicarious means of taking political action. b. direct legislation and control Congress. c. protect and stabilize the nation. d. provide economic protection to all citizens. 32. The presidency’s real power is a. dependent on formal authority granted by the Constitution. b. closely tied to its authority as commander-in-chief. c. the power to persuade others in the political system. d. based on the ability to control the economy. 33. The president presents programs to Congress through various presidential messages, including a. the annual State of the Union. c. Presidential addresses. b. news conferences. d. All of the above 34. Which of the following is an example of Congress’ power to constrain the president as leader of the executive branch? a. The power of the purse b. The power to abolish executive department c. The power to deny appointments d. All of the above. 35. Presidents can help a bill through Congress by a. issuing members of Congress invitations to White House events. b. campaigning and fundraising for the Congress member. c. helping them obtain “pork” for their districts. d. All of the above are true. 36. When a president signs a bill into law he often includes a signing statement, which a. explains his reasons for vetoing the bill. b. explains his denial of congressional authority. c. explains his understanding of the law. d. explains his plans to pay for the law. 37. Since 1789, U.S. forces have participated in military actions overseas on more than 200 occasions, but Congress declared war only _____ times. a. 5 c. 32 b. 25 d. 47 38. In 1973, congress passed the War Powers Act to 4 a. b. c. d. restrict the ability of federal government to mandate a military draft. restrict the abilities of the President to obtain funding for any conflict. to restrict the war making powers of the President. force the President to use economic sanctions. 39. What was the response of President Nixon to the War Powers Act? a. He vetoed the Act. b. He assured his full compliance with the Act. c. He subsequently launched an invasion of Cambodia. d. He sought a court challenge to the Act. 40. According to the text, no other vice president has ever achieved the degree of power and influence enjoyed by a. George H.W. Bush c. Dick Cheney b. Joe Biden d. Al Gore 41. The experience of the last three presidents shows it is easier for the president to “get things done” when a. Congress is controlled by democrats. b. Congress is controlled by republicans. c. Congress is controlled by the president’s party. d. there is divided government. 42. Historically, _____________ of all presidential vetoes have been sustained. a. 25 percent c. 75 percent b. 50 percent d. 96 percent 43. Al Qaeda leader Anwar Alwaki, who was born in the United States a. was killed by a US Navy SEAL Team in Pakistan. b. was poisoned by the CIA in Somalia. c. is still at-large on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan . d. was killed in a drone attack in Yemen. 44. The line-item veto power for the president a. was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. b. allowed the president to veto some provisions of the bill and accept others c. was a power given to the president by Congress. d. all of the above 45. The only U.S. president ever to resign from office was a. Bill Clinton c. Andrew Johnson b. Lyndon B. Johnson d. Richard Nixon 46. The Supreme Court has held that the president has “absolute immunity” from a. lawsuits brought by states. b. civil suits arising out of official duties. c. Congressional investigations and hearings d. Subpoenas from other government agencies. 47. The executive orders concerning ______________were repeatedly passed and then overturned when a new president came to office. a. closing Guantanamo Bay c. abortion 5 b. stem cell research 48. d. healthcare Who was the only president to maintain high approval ratings during any war or conflict? a. John F. Kennedy c. George W. Bush b. Franklin D. Roosevelt d. Harry Truman 49. The Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act a. sets up a single payer national health care system – such as that in Canada. b. was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. c. required states to provide government healthcare. d. requires all individuals to purchase health insurance. Ch. 10 50. John Marshall’s argument for judicial review included which of the following? a. The Courts are sworn to uphold the Constitution. b. Article III of the Constitution establishes judicial review. c. State and local laws require federal supervision. d. The system of checks and balances necessarily requires judicial review. 51. The Founding Fathers intentionally insulated the courts from popular majorities and elections in order to a. avoid the tyranny of the majority. b. have an independent judiciary. c. allow them to judge responsibly, without political or partisan considerations. d. All of the above are true. 52. President Obama has made two Supreme Court appointments, both women. They are a. O’Conner and Ginsberg. c. Sotomayor and Ginsberg. b. Roberts and Thomas. d. Sotomayor and Kagan. 53. In recent years, minority parties in the Senate have used the ____________tactic to deny confirmation of judicial nominees. a. Smear c. Rules b. Filibuster d. cloture 54. ___________________ was the Supreme Court Chief Justice ruling in the Brown v. Board of Education case, which integrated schools. a. Earl Warren b. Thurgood Marshall c. Antonin Scalia d. Henry Billings 55. In recent decades, when nominees to the Supreme Court are questioned at the Senate confirmation hearing, they generally a. state their positions on the most common political issues. b. refuse to answer any politically charged questions. . c. only refer to specific cases in which they have first-hand knowledge d. are respectful but try to avoid answering specific questions. 56. Which of the following is true of federal district courts? a. Each state has at least one. 6 b. There are 15 district courts. c. Judges to the federal district courts are chosen by state legislatures. d. They only hear cases that have already been decided by state courts. 57. Federal courts hear criminal cases that are prosecuted by the a. National Security Agency. b. U.S. Department of Justice. c. Military Police. d. All of the above. 58. The Supreme Court technically MUST hear writs of appeal. If four or more justices agree to hear the case, they may issue a a. writ of habeas corpus. c. writ of mens rea. b. writ of certiorari. d. writ of actus reus. 59. Whether or not the Supreme Court takes on a case is determined by a. the Constitution. c. the Supreme Court itself. b. the legal question presented. d. Congress. 60. Judicial activism refers to the idea that a. the courts should shape constitutional meaning to present-day needs. b. the courts should seek areas in which to legislate. c. the courts should use their own beliefs to reach court decisions. d. the courts should uphold original intent of the Constitution. 61. Examples of crimes that have been federalized include a. racketeering. c. drug crimes. b. hate crimes. d. All of the above are true. 62. The Court will not formulate a rule of constitutional law broader than required by a. the lower court. b. the precise facts to which it must be applied. c. Congress – the Senate in particular. d. the state courts. 63. A complainant must have exhausted all remedies available in lower federal courts or state courts before the Supreme Court a. accepts review of the case. b. can render a decision in the case. c. overturns the decision of the Appellate court. d. accepts the lower court’s ruling. 64. What is the effect of relying on stare decisis and the current precedent? a. It gives stability to the law. b. It prevents every decision from becoming new law. c. It restrains judicial activists. d. All of the above are true. 65. In his 2010 State of the Union address, President Obama 7 a. questioned the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election Commission. b. applauded the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election Commission. c. cited the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election Commission. d. berated the Court on the decision in the Citizens United v. the Federal Election Commission. 66. In June 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that the Affordable Care Act was _____________. a. completely unconstitutional. b. completely constitutional. c. constitutional because it involved taxes. d. unconstitutional due to the individual mandate. 67. President Reagan appointed ______________, the first woman on the Supreme Court. a. Sandra Day O’Connor c. Sonia Sotomayor b. Ruth Bader Ginsburg d. Elena Kagan 68. The Supreme Court decided Roe v. Wade on the notion of a Constitutional right to a. abortion. c. privacy. b. due process. d. equality. 69. The majority of criminal cases are decided by a. a jury trial. b. an appellate court. c. a bench trial. d. plea bargain. Ch. 11 70. Which is not one of Max Weber’s characteristics of a bureaucracy? a. Neutrality c. Hierarchy b. Specialization d. Flexibility 71. The power of bureaucracies grows with a. advances in technology. b. increased tax revenue. c. new presidential elections. d. Congressional regulations. 72. Cabinet meetings are held by the president in order to a. decide important policy questions. b. provide the president with expert information. c. help the president sell already-decided views. d. examine and re-evaluate current agency regulations. 73. All requests for funding by executive agencies must be cleared by the a. General Accounting Office. c. Congress. b. Federal Reserve. d. Office of Management and Budget. 74. Presidential power over the bureaucracy comes from all but which of the following? a. The power to dissolve executive agencies 8 b. The power to reorganize the bureaucracy c. The authority to appoint secretaries and other top officials d. The formal power over the budget 75. When choosing members of his cabinet, the president a. chooses someone who is likely to confirmed by the Senate. b. only chooses people who are considered experts for that position. c. chooses whoever is recommended by the party. d. may choose anyone he wants. 76. What is the purpose of the “ten commandments” of bureaucratic infighting? a. Outmaneuvering elected officials b. Securing a greater share of the budget c. Having greater influence over policy d. A way for bureaucratic to increase their personal power 77. The single biggest item in the budget is a. Social Security. b. Medicare. c. military and defense. d. education. 78. “Capping entitlements” is widely recognized by economists as the only way to rein in future federal spending, but a. there is little agreement on what those caps should be. b. few in Washington want to take on senior citizen lobbyists. c. many members of Congress receive campaign money from AARP. d. all of the above are true. 79. Social Security and Medicare taxes are paid a. by all citizens of the United States. b. entirely by employees. c. entirely by employers. d. half by employees and half by employers. 80. The federal government finances itself primarily from a. individual income tax and social security payroll taxes. b. corporate taxes and social security payroll taxes. c. estate taxes and import tariffs. d. borrowing from foreign banks. 81. “Capital gains” or income from investments, is taxed a. at the same rate as income from employment. b. at a higher rate than income from pensions. c. at a lower rate than income from employment. d. at a lower rate than income from pensions. 82. Which of the following is not a component of an “iron triangle”? a. Elected representatives c. Interest group representatives b. An executive agency d. The media 9 83. “Issue networks” are a. the connections elected representatives make with voters. b. the connections among those who hold positions in multiple iron triangles. c. the connections between the bureaucracy and members of Congress. d. all of the above. 84. “Revolving doors” refers to a. Washington insiders who are frequently kept out of the political process. b. Washington insiders who set the agenda that the media cover. c. Washington insiders who earn more than their counterparts in other cities. d. Washington insiders who frequently change jobs. 85. The Ethics in Government Act limits the post-government employment of former Congress members by not permitting them to a. lobby any executive agencies for two years, but only on matters over which they had previously had any responsibility. b. lobby Congress for five years after leaving office. c. lobby agencies or Congress for two years after leaving office. d. lobby Congress for one year after leaving office. 86. America’s money supply is controlled by a. the Department of the Treasury. b. the Federal Reserve System. c. the President. d. Congress. 87. To stabilize the banking system and control the supply of money, the Federal Reserve requires all banks to maintain a reserve a. in currency in the amount of half of all bank loans. b. in cash supply in each bank location. c. in currency or in deposits with a Federal Reserve bank. d. by buying bonds from the government. 88. The Federal Reserve, or the Fed, is fully independent, meaning a. it must act in accordance with the president’s policies. b. its decisions are reviewable by the courts. c. its members are elected by the voters. d. its decisions need not be ratified by the president, Congress, or the courts. 89. If increased regulation and new regulations increase the cost to businesses, a. larger business are forced to start operations overseas. b. the cost is equally shared by small and large businesses. c. small businesses find it harder to compete. d. larger businesses begin to only hire part-time workers. 90. The argument over the role of the EPA in regulating the practice of “fracking” is an example of the competing demands a. for cheap energy and the cost to the environment. b. for nutritious food and animal safety. c. of environmentalists and business owners. 10 d. of the residents and opportunistic businesses. 91. The 2010 Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, known as Dodd-Frank, after its authors, a. created a new government department to oversee the Fed. b. limited the authority of the Fed. c. added considerable flexibility to regulation. d. reduced the portion of the budget that goes to the Fed. 92. Congress can restrain the bureaucracy through a. passing legislation that changes regulations. b. mobilizing the people to protest. c. suing an executive agency in court. d. All of the above are true. Ch. 12 93. Sub-elites are a. federal government employees. b. state and local government employees. c. state and local elites. d. state and local elected officials. 94. In general, the people believe which level of government is more fiscally responsible and wastes less taxpayer money? a. State & Local c. Federal b. National d. b and c 95. Decision-making by sub-elites reduces strain on the national political system by a. promoting national standards. b. keeping issues out of the national arena. c. allowing for greater policy variation. d. preventing national referendums. 96. Only the ________ has/have the power to amend the U.S. Constitution. a. Supreme Court c. Senate b. states d. House of Representatives 97. The ____________ guarantees the states considerable governing power. a. Supremacy Clause c. necessary and proper clause b. Ninth Amendment d. Tenth Amendment 98. Which of the following is not a power reserved to the states? a. The power to coin money b. The power to tax c. The power to control over property d. The power to control over marriage and divorce laws 99. The _____________________ is the basis for the extension of the Bill of Rights to all states. a. Bill of Rights c. Fourteenth Amendment b. First Amendment d. Equal Rights Act 11 100. The Constitution cannot be amended without the consent of a. one-half of the states. c. three-fourths of the states. b. two-thirds of the states. d. four-fifths of the states. 101. The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees _____________ to all persons. a. due process c. habeas corpus b. equal opportunity d. equal access 102. The federal government was granted the power to raise money through the income tax by the ______________ Amendment. a. Thirteenth c. Sixteenth b. Fifteenth d. Twenty-seventh 103. The federal government expanded its control over states and communities through the use of a. subsidies. c. general revenue sharing. b. grants-in-aid. d. mandates. 104. Over time, power has continued to shift to Washington due to a. a broad interpretation of the “necessary and proper” clause. b. the establishment of a national system of civil rights. c. the growth of federal grants-in-aid to state and local governments. d. all of the above. 105. The first major federal money grants to the states began a. after the Great Depression. b. with the 1960s Great Society programs. c. shortly after enactment of the federal income tax. d. with the Northwest Ordinance in 1787. 106. The notion that state and local and federal levels of government have divided powers is ___________. a. cooperative federalism c. dual federalism b. coercive federalism d. all of the above 107. Cooperative federalism describes the a. clear division of governmental function between the different levels of government. b. sharing of power between the federal and state government. c. excessive conflict over power between the federal and state government. d. reassertion of federal authority. 108. This is used by the federal government to force states to adopt any particular policy by threatening to withhold government funds. a. dual federalism c. cooperative federalism b. coercive federalism d. picket-fence federalism 109. The principal instrument of national power in states and communities is a. social programs. b. the federal grant-in-aid. c. the presence of military bases within the state. d. funded mandates. 110. Which of the following is an example of a federal mandate? 12 a. Clean Air Act b. Americans with Disabilities Act 111. c. No Child Left Behind Act d. All of the above are true. An example of the reassertion of federalism in the courts is the case involving the a. Safe Guns in Schools Act. c. Violence Against Women Act. b. Brady Bunch Bill. d. All of the above are true. 112. Voters are less knowledgeable about __________ politics, though they can exercise more direct influence over its policies. a. state and local c. local, but not state b. national d. international 113. The debate over President Obama’s Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 involved a. the question of whether Congress has the power to coerce states by threatening to withhold funds. b. the question of whether Congress can treat states differently than other employers in regards to health insurance. c. the question of whether Congress has the power to “make” people buy health insurance. d. All of the above are true. 114. Examples of populist political reforms include all but which of the following? a. Direct election of U.S. Senators c. Recall b. Primary elections d. The income tax 115. The device by which citizens can directly alter the laws or the constitution of their state is called the a. initiative. c. recall. b. referendum. d. voting. 116. The “new political elites” seldom have a large financial stake in the community, and a. they are not local business leaders or bankers. b. they are not interested in economic growth. c. they are often opposed to economic development. d. All of the above are true. 117. Unlike older community elites, new elites tend to be a. independent entrepreneurs. b. citizens with an interest in community growth. c. financially involved in the local economy. d. elected officials. 118. Community business elites have been weakened by a a. nationalization of economic interests. b. generational change. c. high tax structure. d. mass protest movement. 119. New local political elites tend to emphasize __________ policies. a. growth c. middle-class b. no-growth d. economic 13 Ch. 13 120. Elites respond to interest group protests by a. making symbolic gestures to pacify active protestors. b. ignoring them. c. discouraging nonviolent protests. d. applying negative labels to those interest groups. 121. Which of the following are true regarding Congressional ethnic composition? a. Whites and African-Americans are underrepresented. b. Hispanics and Whites are overrepresented while African-Americans are underrepresented. c. African-Americans are overrepresented and Hispanics are underrepresented. d. Whites are overrepresented and Hispanics are underrepresented. 122. The largest ethnic minority group in the United States today is a. Native Americans. c. Hispanics. b. African Americans. d. Asians. 123. The tacit approval of white supremacy in the South and the concession of the federal support for civil rights were a result of the a. Compromise of 1877. b. 14th Amendment. c. election of Senator Jim Crow to Congress. d. Civil Rights Act of 1875 124. The NAACP was created with the goal of the a. racial cleansing of European Americans. b. receipt of reparations for slavery. c. creation of a separate black state. d. integration of blacks into the existing society. 125. Segregation did not end simply because the Supreme Court ordered it, because a. the intent of the Court was not shared by local policy-making officials. b. the Court decision only applied to the federal government. c. state laws were passed to invalidate the Court decision. d. the political elites were opposed to the Court decision. 126. Desegregation was accomplished through the use of a. court decisions. c. laws. b. violent protests. d. military force. 127. Martin Luther King’s main tactic in the fight for civil rights was a. media appearances. c. nonviolent direct action. b. appeal to white elites. d. rioting and destroying property. 128. Which court case ended segregation for Hispanics in public schools? a. Mendez v. Westminster School District b. United States v. Hopkins c. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka d. United States v. Mendez 14 129. Which of the following conditions does the Supreme Court require to uphold affirmative action? a. Government actions must be “narrowly tailored” to further a government interest. b. Government actions must advance compelling government objectives. c. Government actions that use a racial classification must be subject to “strict scrutiny.” d. All of the above are true. 130. Educational elites argue in favor of diversity as an institutional goal because a. students benefit from interaction with others from different heritages. b. universities benefit by attracting a better-quality group of students. c. public demand in a democracy requires it. d. All of the above 131. What Supreme Court Case allowed colleges to use affirmative action programs in the admissions process by ruling it was legal to promote diversity? a. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke b. Gratz v. Bollinger c. Grutter v. Bollinger d. United States v. Paradise 132. Anti-affirmative action propositions and laws have been passed in which states? a. California c. Washington b. Michigan d. all of the above 133. In 2010–2012, what little job growth took place saw most of the jobs go to a. Hispanics. c. men. b. Whites and African Americans d. women. 134. Title IX of the Education Act Amendments of 1972 bars discrimination in a. employment. c. class composition. b. college athletics. d. pay for equal work. 135. Regarding homosexuality, a 2009 public opinion poll indicated that a. most people found it “morally wrong.” b. more than half thought it should be criminalized. c. most said it was not “morally wrong” or “not a moral issue.” d. All of the above are true. 136. What Supreme Court case rendered the Defense of Marriage Act insignificant? a. United States v. Winsor c. Bowers v. Hardwick b. Lawrence v. Texas d. Studds v. GLAAD Ch. 14 137. The term “global cop” refers to a. the ability of the United State to control state behavior. b. the economic power of the United States. c. the United States policy to “make the world safe for democracy.” d. the United States as first responder to any global problem. 138. Preeminent power and dominance by one nation on the global system is referred to as a. world domination. c. international autocracy. 15 b. hegemony. d. global dictatorship. 139. Which of the following is true about all U.S. presidents since World War II? a. They have all experienced economic downturns. b. They have all ordered the military into hostilities. c. They have all increased trade with foreign nations d. They have all been involved in declared wars. 140. The idea that a country should act abroad only when it is necessary to protect a clearly defined national interest is a. isolationism. c. realism. b. idealism. d. interventionism. 141. __________ base their view on the classical liberal perception that human rights are universal, and powerful nations, such as the United States, are morally obligated to spread individual and human rights. a. Realists c. Interventionists b. Isolationists d. Idealists 142. The main goal of the Council on Foreign Relations is to a. promote American hegemony. b. keep the U.S. actively involved in international politics. c. facilitate elite dominance of the global system. d. keep the U.S. from unnecessary military action. 143. The U.S. military is currently deployed in at least ______ countries around the world. a. 30 c. 100 b. 50 d. 120 144. The United Nations Security Council has ________ members with permanent veto power. a. 15 c. 10 b. 5 d. 0 145. NATO was created to counter the aggression of which country? a. Soviet Union c. Vietnam b. North Korea d. Iraq 146. The great threat to U.S. security right now is ___________________. a. nuclear attack from a rogue state c. asymmetric warfare by a terrorist group b. cyber-attack d. all of the above 147. The avoidance of nuclear war through the idea that rational elites would avoid mutual destruction is called a. rational choice. c. negotiation. b. deterrence. d. peacemaking. 148. The USA PATRIOT Act was passed in Congress by a. a strict party vote, with Republicans in favor. b. a strict party vote, with Democrats in favor. c. an overwhelming majority in both parties. d. President Bush pushing Congress to pass it in order to prevent another attack. 149. All U.S. intelligence agencies are under the direction of the _________. 16 a. Central Intelligence Agency b. Secretary of Defense c. Director of National Intelligence d. President 150. Terrorists captured in Afghanistan and Iraq are held under the status of a. prisoner of war. c. foreign insurgent. b. enemy combatant. d. hostile civilian. 151. The use of drones like the Predator and Reaper to remotely kill people in foreign countries, including United States citizens who are suspected of terrorist activities, was a. started under the George W. Bush administration. b. stopped by the George W. Bush administration. c. stopped by the Barack Obama administration. d. accelerated by the Barack Obama administration. 152. The purpose of Operation Iraqi Freedom was to a. eliminate Iraqi WMDs. b. end the oppressive and genocidal regime of Saddam Hussein. c. prevent Iraq from harboring terrorist groups. d. All of the above are true. 153. The main ally of the United States in the invasion of Iraq was a. Great Britain. c. Australia. b. France. d. Canada. 154. The global body that adjudicates trade disputes is the a. GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and trade). b. WTO (World trade Organization). c. IMF (International Monetary Fund). d. World Bank. 155. Which international organization has the United States as its largest shareholder and works to promote economic development? a. GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) b. WTO (World Trade Organization) c. IMF (International Monetary Fund) d. World Bank 156. What international lending institution was created after WWII to promote currency stability and help rebuild Europe? a. GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) b. WTO (World Trade Organization) c. IMF (International Monetary Fund) d. World Bank 157. What country leads the world regarding the quality of higher education? a. United States b. Great Britain c. France d. Germany 17 18

Tutor Answer

DrAtticus
School: University of Virginia

Attached.

Final Exam (Ch. 8-14) The Irony of Democracy 17th ed.
Directions: Do not write on the exam. Please select the best answer choice for each question. Raise your hand if
you have a question. No wandering eyes, it will be considered breach of proper testing conditions, and
ALL exams will be forfeited.
Ch. 8
1. According to the text, Congressmen
a. spend most weekends in DC raising money from interests groups.
b. spend minimal time in DC and long weekends in their home district or state.
c. spend most weekends in caucus meetings in DC.
d. spend most weekends on junkets paid for by lobbyists.
2. Prior to taking office, the majority of Senators hailed from which of the following professional
background?
a. Business
c. Law
b. Education
d. Physician or scientist
3.

Overall, the number of African-American congressmen has ______________________.
a. increased
c. remained the same
b. decreased
d. become stagnant

4. The second largest ethnic group in America (after whites) is
a. African America.
c. Asian America.
b. Hispanic or Latino/a.
d. none of the above.
5. In recent decades, party control of the House and Senate
a. has remained stable.
b. has seen both houses change party leadership.
c. has seen the House become nearly completely republican.
d. has seen the Senate overwhelmingly controlled by the democratic party.
6. Constituent service, or casework, is a form of “retail” politics where politicians
a. hold press conferences to announce campaign plans.
b. solicit campaign funds through the mail.
c. help people on a personal level.
d. have “town hall” meetings to reach out to constituents.
7.

A legislator’s most relevant constituents are
a. the major donors within their districts.
b. the people in their district who voted for them.
c. active and resourceful elites in their district.
d. all of the above.
8. The efforts of Senators and Representatives to bring federal money home to their districts in the form of
extra spending on various projects are called
a. beef.
c. cream.
b. pork.
d. tofu.
9. Which of the following is not an advantage incumbents have in seeking reelection?
1

a. Name recognition
b. Franking privilege

c. A great voting record
d. A “War Chest” with political donors

10. “Smart money” backs a winner, so most campaign donations go to
a. challengers.
c. Democrats.
b. incumbents.
d. Republicans.
11. Which of the following is seen as a benefit for enacting term limits?
a. More professional legislators
b. More competitive open-seat elections
c. Less influence by special interests
d. Lower election costs
12. Which of the following is not one of the three most powerful committees of the House of
Representatives?
a. Rules
c. Foreign Affairs
b. Ways and Means
d. Appropriations
13. Which of the following is not one of the three most prestigious committees of the Senate?
a. Armed Forces
c. Finance
b. Foreign Relations
d. Appropriations
14. Homestyle representation includes ___________________.
a. personal appearances in home districts
c. bringing “pork” to their district
b. using staff to focus on constituents services d. all of the above
15. Applying the Theory of Democracy, the masses should ___________________.
a. vote out all incumbents
c. re-elect the incumbents
b. insist on a balanced budget amendment
d. invoke term-limits
16. The purpose of committee hearings is to
a. influence interest groups.
b. make major decisions on policy.
c. influence public opinion.
d. hear all available information on an issue.
17. Republicans in the House of Representatives assign committee memberships through
a. the Speaker of the House.
c. seniority.
b. the Majority leader.
d. a Committee on Committees.
18. The role of committee and subcommittee chairpersons is to
a. select which bills are considered.
b. select which issues will receive public hearings.
c. establish the agenda.
d. All of the above are true.
19. Experienced legislators are more likely to vote for unpopular bills because
a. they know their constituents aren’t likely to respond.
b. will maintain party support and funding.
c. they have sufficient support amongst their colleagues.
d. they represent “safe” districts and will not lose re-election.
2

20. Rules Committee membership is dominated by
a. powerful campaign fundraisers.
b. senior members from noncompetitive districts.
c. party leaders’ favorites.
d. popular colleagues with party support.
21. A Senate filibuster can only be ended by
a. a quorum call.
b. a cloture vote.

c. motion for formal debate.
d. nothing, as it is final.

22. Most amendments to a bill come during the part of the legislative process known as the
a. committee meeting.
c. floor vote.
b. subcommittee meeting.
d. conference committee.
23. The role of a Conference Committee is to
a. rewrite bills to ensure passage.
b. reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.
c. introduce legislation .
d. debate amendments to a bill.
24. Which of the following is a power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives?
a. Referring bills to committee
b. Appointing conference committees
c. Recognizing those who wish to speak on the floor
d. All of the above are powers of the Speaker.
25.

The __________ presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president.
a. Speaker of the House
c. president pro tempore
b. majority leader
d. majority whip

26.

Political party whips
a. ensures congressional members are present for all votes.
b. play an important role in legislation.
c. solicit support for the leadership.
d. all of the above.

27.

Polarization on Capitol Hill
a. has produced more conflict between political parties.
b. has brought about less bipartisan cooperation.
c. caused legislative gridlock causing fewer bills to be passed during session.
d. all of the above

28.

The biggest divide in American politics remains
a. the size and role of the military.
b. the size and role of corporations.
c. the size and role of the budget and spending.
d. the size and role of the government.

29. This is likely the most important power that Congress can use: _______________.
3

a. the power to declare war
b. the power to increase taxes

c. the power of the purse
d. all of the above

Ch. 9
30.

For the elites, the president’s function is to
a. propose policy initiatives.
b. mobilize influence within the system.
c. supervise the management of the government and the economy.
d. all of the above are true.

31.

The president’s function for the masses is to
a. provide a vicarious means of taking political action.
b. direct legislation and control Congress.
c. protect and stabilize the nation.
d. provide economic protection to all citizens.

32.

The presidency’s real power is
a. dependent on formal authority granted by the Constitution.
b. closely tied to its authority as commander-in-chief.
c. the power to persuade others in the political system.
d. based on the ability to control the economy.

33.

The president presents programs to Congress through various presidential messages, including
a. the annual ...

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