Final Exam (Ch. 8-14) The Irony of Democracy 17th ed.
Directions: Do not write on the exam. Please select the best answer choice for each question. Raise your hand if
you have a question. No wandering eyes, it will be considered breach of proper testing conditions, and
ALL exams will be forfeited.
1. According to the text, Congressmen
a. spend most weekends in DC raising money from interests groups.
b. spend minimal time in DC and long weekends in their home district or state.
c. spend most weekends in caucus meetings in DC.
d. spend most weekends on junkets paid for by lobbyists.
2. Prior to taking office, the majority of Senators hailed from which of the following professional
d. Physician or scientist
Overall, the number of African-American congressmen has ______________________.
c. remained the same
d. become stagnant
4. The second largest ethnic group in America (after whites) is
a. African America.
c. Asian America.
b. Hispanic or Latino/a.
d. none of the above.
5. In recent decades, party control of the House and Senate
a. has remained stable.
b. has seen both houses change party leadership.
c. has seen the House become nearly completely republican.
d. has seen the Senate overwhelmingly controlled by the democratic party.
6. Constituent service, or casework, is a form of “retail” politics where politicians
a. hold press conferences to announce campaign plans.
b. solicit campaign funds through the mail.
c. help people on a personal level.
d. have “town hall” meetings to reach out to constituents.
A legislator’s most relevant constituents are
a. the major donors within their districts.
b. the people in their district who voted for them.
c. active and resourceful elites in their district.
d. all of the above.
8. The efforts of Senators and Representatives to bring federal money home to their districts in the form of
extra spending on various projects are called
9. Which of the following is not an advantage incumbents have in seeking reelection?
a. Name recognition
b. Franking privilege
c. A great voting record
d. A “War Chest” with political donors
10. “Smart money” backs a winner, so most campaign donations go to
11. Which of the following is seen as a benefit for enacting term limits?
a. More professional legislators
b. More competitive open-seat elections
c. Less influence by special interests
d. Lower election costs
12. Which of the following is not one of the three most powerful committees of the House of
c. Foreign Affairs
b. Ways and Means
13. Which of the following is not one of the three most prestigious committees of the Senate?
a. Armed Forces
b. Foreign Relations
14. Homestyle representation includes ___________________.
a. personal appearances in home districts
c. bringing “pork” to their district
b. using staff to focus on constituents services d. all of the above
15. Applying the Theory of Democracy, the masses should ___________________.
a. vote out all incumbents
c. re-elect the incumbents
b. insist on a balanced budget amendment
d. invoke term-limits
16. The purpose of committee hearings is to
a. influence interest groups.
b. make major decisions on policy.
c. influence public opinion.
d. hear all available information on an issue.
17. Republicans in the House of Representatives assign committee memberships through
a. the Speaker of the House.
b. the Majority leader.
d. a Committee on Committees.
18. The role of committee and subcommittee chairpersons is to
a. select which bills are considered.
b. select which issues will receive public hearings.
c. establish the agenda.
d. All of the above are true.
19. Experienced legislators are more likely to vote for unpopular bills because
a. they know their constituents aren’t likely to respond.
b. will maintain party support and funding.
c. they have sufficient support amongst their colleagues.
d. they represent “safe” districts and will not lose re-election.
20. Rules Committee membership is dominated by
a. powerful campaign fundraisers.
b. senior members from noncompetitive districts.
c. party leaders’ favorites.
d. popular colleagues with party support.
21. A Senate filibuster can only be ended by
a. a quorum call.
b. a cloture vote.
c. motion for formal debate.
d. nothing, as it is final.
22. Most amendments to a bill come during the part of the legislative process known as the
a. committee meeting.
c. floor vote.
b. subcommittee meeting.
d. conference committee.
23. The role of a Conference Committee is to
a. rewrite bills to ensure passage.
b. reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.
c. introduce legislation .
d. debate amendments to a bill.
24. Which of the following is a power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives?
a. Referring bills to committee
b. Appointing conference committees
c. Recognizing those who wish to speak on the floor
d. All of the above are powers of the Speaker.
The __________ presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president.
a. Speaker of the House
c. president pro tempore
b. majority leader
d. majority whip
Political party whips
a. ensures congressional members are present for all votes.
b. play an important role in legislation.
c. solicit support for the leadership.
d. all of the above.
Polarization on Capitol Hill
a. has produced more conflict between political parties.
b. has brought about less bipartisan cooperation.
c. caused legislative gridlock causing fewer bills to be passed during session.
d. all of the above
The biggest divide in American politics remains
a. the size and role of the military.
b. the size and role of corporations.
c. the size and role of the budget and spending.
d. the size and role of the government.
29. This is likely the most important power that Congress can use: _______________.
a. the power to declare war
b. the power to increase taxes
c. the power of the purse
d. all of the above
For the elites, the president’s function is to
a. propose policy initiatives.
b. mobilize influence within the system.
c. supervise the management of the government and the economy.
d. all of the above are true.
The president’s function for the masses is to
a. provide a vicarious means of taking political action.
b. direct legislation and control Congress.
c. protect and stabilize the nation.
d. provide economic protection to all citizens.
The presidency’s real power is
a. dependent on formal authority granted by the Constitution.
b. closely tied to its authority as commander-in-chief.
c. the power to persuade others in the political system.
d. based on the ability to control the economy.
The president presents programs to Congress through various presidential messages, including
a. the annual ...