powerpoint presentation

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Question Description

In this week, you will have the opportunity to develop and share with a small group of your colleagues a presentation summarizing your 4 week Paper. This task facilitates your learning about how to disseminate information in presentation form. The ability to do this well is important for gaining the knowledge, skills, and confidence needed to present your research and ideas to colleagues. In addition, learning how to give and receive feedback is important. Receiving peer feedback helps you learn how to strengthen your writing and presentation skills by taking into account the responses of actual and anticipated readers. Giving peer feedback helps you refine your critical-thinking skills and your communication skills.

Post a 10-slide PowerPoint-style presentation (excluding reference and titile) with audio that summarizes each of the four sections of your Paper.

The audio should be a recording of you presenting the PowerPoint as if you were standing in front of an audience. Refer to your sources using in-text citations. Be sure to include the following in your slideshow presentation:

  • 1 slide with title information
  • 2 slides describing the following:
    • Your chosen professional role
    • Why you chose this particular profession
    • The knowledge, skills, and characteristics one would need be successful in your chosen profession
  • 1 slide outlining how van der Heijden’s (2002) three predictor variables might inform your actions in developing expertise in your chosen profession
  • 1-2 slides outlining the main theories used in your chosen profession
  • 1-2 slides outlining the main research areas used in your chosen profession
  • 1-2 slide outlining how your chosen professional role can contribute to positive social change
  • 1 slide with reference information
  • Be sure to add graphics to your slides to make it visually appealing

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Running head: THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE Week 1 Assignment The Clinical Psychologist Professional Role PSYC 4010-1 Salma Ibrahim Walden University 1 THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE. 2 Clinical Psychology The professional role held by a clinical psychologist entails the involvement of clinical knowledge incorporated with science and theory. My chosen professional role requires specific schooling, knowledge, skills, and characteristics from applicants to qualify for the position (Appleby, 2015). First, the professional practice requires proper engagement with a massive range of activities. Also, some other clinical psychologists focus on individual topics and areas of research that include mental illness and its adequate treatment. Some essential responsibilities of the clinical psychologist include the provision of proper psychotherapy and appropriate psychological assessments. Even though most clinical psychologists focus on the clinic, others may concentrate on hospitals or medical school. The schooling and period associated with the training and certification of the practice differ from country to country. However, in the U.S., four years’ study in psychology plus other post-bachelor’s practice contributes to the promotion or enrollment for a clinical psychologist. More than 50% of graduate students in psychology continue to receive Ph.D. training programs. The programs focus on the combination of appropriate training formulated through proper research associated with the field. Various schools in the region also provide accredited programs for master’s degree in the clinical psychology field. Tasks of The Clinical Psychologist As a clinical psychologist, I possess a few responsibilities that I ought to ensure that I cover in my profession. First, I must conduct therapy sessions associated with an appropriate schedule and dates. Clinical psychology involves the engagement of mental and emotional memories related to suffering patients. The delicacy of the issue presented, especially when THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE. 3 dealing with human beings, requires me to ensure that my sessions maintain time and consider the clients' requests and flexibilities. A clinical psychologist exists in a communal environment where other professionals like me and those working in other sectors collectively work on solving similar problems. My responsibility is to ensure that I maximize the use of my environment to source any information that I might require in my field (Zimbardo, 2004). If I encounter any problems in developing a new program concerning one of my patients, I can ask for help from a more-experienced clinical psychologist regarding the program and its contents. My therapy sessions should involve more of listening to the patients' needs compared to providing prescriptions without understanding the question. The vitality of my practice focuses on research and realizing effective intervention associated with the investigation to form the best remedy for the patients. Without the collection of the most appropriate data from the patients, I cannot manage to develop effective programs for my patients. Clinical therapy involves and includes various programs and treatment methods concerning improved research and technological advancements. A clinical psychologist can now keep up with the development of a patient even with the absence of either. The patient and the psychologist can use video call apps to perform a session wherever and whenever around the world. The recording of progress also remains an essential role that I ought to ensure that I observe closely. Any form of growth and development in the patients' programs ought to stay addressed and recorded. Additional Schooling for Clinical Psychology The master’s degree represents the minimum qualification for a clinical psychologist. However, I have a few options that I can maximize upon to develop my schooling and education THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE. 4 in my career. I can also acquire a Doctor of Psychology or a Ph. D. in Psychology as an advancement in the field (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics., 2015). Many doctoral programs in clinical psychology take a period of five or six years to complete. The period represents the section in the programs like internships lasting a year for practical application of the practice. The residency training program follows the Ph. D. level. The part generally involves practicality in the clinic that may last three years before completion. Van der Heijden’s Predictor Factors Van der Heijden (2002), describes three predictor factors associated with the growth of an employee in any field. The factors include the level of participation invested in training and development programs, social network, and the level of dedication placed by the employee to grow career-wise. The implementation of the predictor factors mentions remains essential for me too if I intend on consistently evolving at the same speed as the practice to offer my patients the best care and treatment possible. Improved focus on the training regarding the involvement of useful advancements in research and growth on personal input in the preparation can help to promote the practice. The field of clinical psychology remains versatile and widely connected. The use of appropriate social networks with other clinical psychologists could not only assist in developing proper programs but also advancing the practice through cooperative research (Van der Heijden, 2002). Training and development programs available for clinical psychologists exist in vast amounts from applications on the improvement of the practice to others aiming at realizing work-life balance. The use of such programs on a consistent basis can assist me not only develop but also remain healthy in my practice. Also, even though all the initiative mentioned sound THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE. 5 concrete, the implementation of the approach entirely depends on my efforts towards developing my career. THE CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST PROFESSIONAL ROLE. Reference Appleby, D. C. (2015) (PDF). An Online Career-exploration Resources for Psychology Majors. Retrieved from http://apa.org/ed/precollege/psn/2015/09/psychology-majors.aspx. Used with permission of Drew Appleby. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2015). Occupational outlook handbook. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/ Van der Heijden, B. I. J. M. (2002). Individual career initiatives and their influence upon professional expertise development throughout the career. International Journal of Training and Development, 6(2), 54–79. Zimbardo, P. G. (2004). Does psychology make a significant difference in our lives? American Psychologist, 59(5), 339–351. 6 Running head: THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS Theories and Research Methods Salma Ibrahim Walden University 1 THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS 2 Introduction The application of theories is an integral part of clinical psychology. Since clinical psychologists are required to provide psychological assessments and psychotherapy, they have to apply theories in their sessions. The theories are significant in the therapeutic process since they provide a framework that allows the psychologists to understand and interpret their clients’ thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Once the professionals interpret their clients' situation, they are then able to establish the diagnosis and treatment approach that best suits them. There are two major theories used in the clinical psychology field, and they are the cognitive behavior theory and psychodynamic theory. The cognitive behavior theory The cognitive theory of Aaron Temkin Beck has been of great assistance to the psychologists. The clinical psychologists have been using this model to understand and offer treatment for psychological disorders like depression. Beck, an American psychologist, developed this model in 1967 since he believed that the negative thoughts and schema or beliefs of an individual contributes to dysfunctional behavior (Pawlik & Rosenzweig, 2000). Based on this theory, the negative thoughts usually interfere with the usual cognitive functioning thus impairing the individual’s memory, perceptions, and their ability to solve problems. Therefore, Beck believed that if such individuals are persuaded to have positive and constructive thoughts, then, their psychological would distress decrease. According to Beck, the individuals usually learn how to correct or modify their distorted beliefs about the world, themselves, and the people around them. With this model, psychologists consider using the gentle Socratic questioning to come up with treatment plans. Other than the psychological disorders, the professionals also use this model to treat health problems like premenstrual syndrome and obesity. There have been THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS 3 advances in this theory whereby the primary objective of the changes was to address several questions that arise during the treatment of psychological disorders. The new model is known as the Generic Cognitive Model. The additional aspects to the original theory are adaptive and maladaptive functioning, attentional focus, as well as an arrangement of schemas that are relevant to self-evaluations, rules, expectancies, and memories. The psychodynamic theory The psychodynamic theory is also known as the psychoanalytical theory. Sigmund Freud developed this theory in 1917 since he believed that the conscious and subconscious forces usually influence an individual’s behavior. The objective of this theory is helping the patients to revisit their forgotten hurts, frustrations and unfulfilled desires which contribute their dysfunctional conducts. Freud, therefore, came up with several therapeutic techniques like free association, dream analysis, and transference to unveil the psychological forces which influence an individual’s personality (James & Gilliland, n.d.). He further classified an individual’s psyche that is his/her personality, mind, feelings, and thoughts into three elements which are super-ego, ego, and id. The super-ego represents the social conscience; the ego represents the conscious thoughts, and the id represents the subconscious, inner desires (James & Gilliland, n.d.). Based on this theory, emotions and behaviors are usually affected by unconscious motives. Therefore, the past experiences are stored in the unconscious mind, and they influence one's behavior. For instance, if a child has a traumatic upbringing, such an aspect may affect his/her behavior in adulthood. Generally, as much as the psychodynamic theory is applied in clinical psychology, changes are yet to be done. The professionals claim that there is a significant gap that fails to address the principles that should guide clinical psychologists on how to deal with defense mechanisms among the patients. THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS 4 A once-popular theory that is no longer accepted Phrenology was a once-famous theory in the 19th century, and it was studied in the field of neuroscience. However, psychologists did not approve it due to having an unrealistic explanation of an individual's character. According to Franz Joseph Gall, the developer of this theory, he argued that the bumps and contours in the head conveyed one's personality. In this sense, if an individual had an intelligence trait or aggression trait, such aspects would be localized in specific parts of the brain. Larger or smaller features implied the kind of personality trait the individual would have. However, in the 20th century, the theory changed to being less popular due to a lot of methodological criticism from the professionals. They argued that there lacked proper scientific support to prove the facts about the bumps and personality trait since Gall only used his friends and family in his study. Gall's approach was also questionable since he relied on offensive stereotypes and this made the model biased, and many believed that it promoted racism. The primary research areas The major research areas for clinical psychologists are psychological disorders and mechanisms, generation of intervention and assessment tools. In these areas, the psychologists need to understand the causes of the disorders and their symptoms. They also have to study the best treatment options or interventions to apply when handling unique cases of their patients. The clinical psychologists also have to identify the most applicable assessment instruments to use that would help them get more information from their patient. They also have to research the behavioral, cognitive, emotional and social processes since it is here that they can understand issues that range from short-term to severe conditions. THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS The clinical psychologists primarily use the qualitative research method. The method incorporates the use of observational assessments, focus groups, and interviews in a particular study. The qualitative method guides the research by allowing the investigator to use questions related to the research to understand the perceptions of the participants. Still, the psychologists implement this method in case studies which helps them to concentrate on broad contexts when studying their phenomena. A research article that employs a commonly-used method in clinical psychology The article, “Living from Day to Day – Qualitative Study on Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescence” is an example of a research study that uses interviews as a qualitative research method (Spodenkiewicz, et al., 2013). The objective of the study based on the article was to assess how identity and self-disturbance images are identifiable elements in borderline personality disorder (BPD) among the adolescence. The researchers carried face-to-face interviews of 50 adolescents with BPD as the experimental group, and 50 adolescents as the control group. The method was applicable in the study since it helped the researchers to learn about the emotional experiences, interpersonal relationships, and the self-image perceptions of the participants. The interviews provided a natural setting thus preventing interference of the phenomena under investigation. They concluded that the present experiences of the adolescents with BPD impacts their well-being. For instance, adolescents with low self-image suffer from distress, and they have a hard time trying to cope with others. Conclusion Overall, the overview of the applicable theories and research method in clinical psychology highlights the relevance of a critical understanding of the psychological disorders being evaluated. Still, it is evident that clinical psychologists have to develop therapeutic 5 THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS 6 relationships with their clients so that it can be easy for them to understand their issues and identify ways to help them out. Generally, clinical psychologists are essential people in the health care setting since they collaborate with other health professionals in offering quality patient care. Today we are in an era where the patients have the rights to know about their health. According to the American Psychologist Association (2010), clinical psychologists should give their clients appropriate information about their condition and intervention options so that the patients can make well-informed decisions. THEORIES AND RESEARCH METHODS 7 References American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Including 2010 Amendments. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (n.d.). Theories and strategies in counseling and psychotherapy (Fifth Edition). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fd89/84eee9a27b04264327edba65e69b6fd4f16a.pdf Pawlik, K., & Rosenzweig., M. R. (2000). The International Handbook of Psychology. Retrieved from https://sksagepubcom.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/reference/hdbk_intlpsych?fromsearch=true Spodenkiewicz, M., Speranza, M., Taïeb, O., Pham-Scottez, A., Corcos, M., & Révah-Levy, A. (2013). Living from day to day - Qualitative study on borderline personality disorder in adolescence. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 22(4), 282-9. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3825468/ Running head: CRITIQUING RESEARCH ARTICLES Critiquing Research Articles Institution Affiliation Date 1 CRITIQUING RESEARCH ARTICLES 2 Introduction In the clinical psychology profession, psychologists have to perform various research studies to identify the causes of disorders and the presenting symptoms. Based on the study, the psychologists integrate their critical thinking skills to suggest the best interventions in each of the unique cases they encounter every other day (Bell, n.d.). The article on, “A clinical psychologist’s perspective of mental disorders in patients of 70 years of age or more, who underwent digestive tract cancer surgeries” is an example of a research study in clinical psychology. The other article on, “The Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review of Meta-analyses” is another example of a research study in the clinical psychology field. A critique of the two research articles that are related to my clinical psychology profession will help in validating the essence of performing studies in the clinical psychology field. Critical Analysis of Article One The first article on, “A clinical psychologist’s perspective of mental disorders in patients of 70 years of age or more, who underwent digestive tract cancer surgeries” focuses on psychological and behavioral disorders (Zielińska & Durlik, 2014). Elderly patients suffering from malignancy diseases and undergo surgery as treatment for their health conditions mainly suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. The primary purpose of the research in this article was to study cases of depression, anxiety, and hallucinations among elderly patients who go through digestive tract malignancy surgeries. A theoretical framework was included in the study. However, the authors incorporated findings from the survey by Jonathan et al., which showed that the high-risk surgeries like oncological surgeries decreased mortality in the older patients. The variables in this study were the quality of life of the oncological patients and the high-risk CRITIQUING RESEARCH ARTICLES operations. Still, the authors came up with the hypothesis that the high-risk operations contributed to the poor mental state of the elderly patients. The methodologies used in the study were interviews and observations. The researchers also gave the patients to fill in questionnaires such as the QLQ c-30 (EORTC) and STAI that is, State/Trait Anxiety Inventory by Spielberger. The authors used an exploratory and observational research design to investigate mental disorders among elderly patients who have experienced surgery due to digestive tract malignancy. The procedures that the researchers used in the study involved the implementation of routine programs in two major hospitals offering oncological surgeries between the year 2010 and 2011 (Zielińska, & Durlik, 2014). Psychological evaluations were also part of the research design which involved the use of questionnaires, observation, and interviews. The investigators also included a literature review related to the study to determine whether their hypothesis was true or false. Still, in the research design, the investigators used patients of the age of 70 years and more diagnosed with digestive tract cancer as the samples for the study. The patients that had undergone pancreas, rectum, large intestine, stomach, or gallbladder surgeries were the ones used in the study. The type of sampling used in this study i ...
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School: UIUC

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CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST
Institution Affiliation
Date

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
• My chosen professional role is a clinical
psychologist
• This is because of science on research
experiments in the scientific labs love
working on a clinical setting
• Clinical psychologists work on research
is driven and experiment-based data
• The skills needed in the clinical
profession are related to problemsolving.

KNOWLEDGE AND CHARACTERISTICS
OF A CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGISTS
• The knowledge of a clinical psychologists includes Psychology,
Therapy and Counseling
• Knowledge of English Language, Customer and Personal Service,
Administration and Management
• Public Safety and Security, Philosophy and Theology, Sociology and
Anthropology,
• Knowledge in mathematics, Computers and Electronics, Personnel
and Human Resources, Education and Training.
• The characteristics includes Empathy, Non-Judgmental, confidence,
Excellent Communication Skills

VAN DER HEIJDEN’S PREDICTOR
FACTORS
• Van der Heijden (2002) describes three predictor factors associated
with the growth of an employee in any field.
• These factors include the degree of participation in social networks,
the degree of participation in training and development programs
and the degree of initiatives that are taken by the individual
employee to further career growth.
• The first factor revolves around the degree of the creating social
networks, the clinical psychology field is much broad and agile.
• This means that a clinical psychologists will create networks with other
psychologists within the field.

CONT.;
• The second factor revolves around the
degree of training.
• Any futuristic and goal-oriented clinical
psychologist will put training a priority.

• This is because, this field lot of research and
experiments are conducted.
• In the clinical psychology, the number of
training any individual attends adds a tick to
his or her careers.

• Lastly, there is the factor On the individual
personal initiative's, getting better education
is essentially important as well as handwork
and commitment, and dedication to work.

THEORIES IN CLINICAL
PSYCHOLOGY
• Several theories surrounds the clinical psychology.
• Development theori...

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