I need my paper edited and in APA format, ESPECIALLY CITATIONS!

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I have a paper attached. Please edit with correct grammar and add information if needed. Every aspect of the paper should be in APA format, from citations to references. Thank you so much!

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Running head: BULLYING IN TEENAGERS Does Bullying Cause Emotional Problems in Teenagers? Grand Canyon University December 12, 2018 1 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS Does Bullying Cause Emotional Problems in Teenagers? It may seem simple to define what bullying behavior is all about, it does not necessarily constitute of the oversimplified conception that big boys harassing the small one in class. However, bullying is composed of various aspects which come in different ways. It is different depending on situations, those who are involved and where it is occurring. The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention defines bullying as “unwanted, aggressive behavior among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time.” In accordance to the definition above bullying is influenced by the following factors: 1. The behavior of the person being bullied is not acceptable by others. 2. Mostly the bullying behavior occurs among the school children. Although the behavior may be found in different ages the specific definition of a bully is a child who engages him or herself in bullying behaviors 3. in bullying, both the person bullying and the one being bullied understands that bully have more power than in that situation although in other factors they may seem equal to them. But many of the times bullies are bigger, stronger, older and have more influence from fellows and this leads to imbalance in power which is generally understood and recognized to be true. 4. There is the likelihood that the bully will repeat the same behavior to the victim severally and the accessibility to the victim facilitates it. This however may not cause impairment in the full definition of bullying. PACERs national bullying prevention center is caution to declare that while some bullying can either 2 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS occur physically and easy to recognize, or it can occur silently and secretly through exchange of gossip live through phones or internet, leading to emotional damages. In this case, therefore bullying is found to still lie on an energetic power that makes one peer powerful than the other. A girl may be in position to use nasty words on her or more and a boy too may be older in a football team and therefore these two people can influence many of the juniors and seniors in the school. The difference in power is created by such situations. The major expression of bullying is that it cases serious impact to the emotions of the victim and their psychology too. Bullying may lead to • cause pain • embarrass someone • uncover • annoy or • Otherwise, hurt. Bullying may sometimes go beyond and reach to harassment when it founded on gender, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, national origin among other factors. Sometimes bullying crosses the line into harassment when it is based on race, ethnicity, sex, disability, sexual orientation, national origin, or other factors. In this case, it becomes a legal issue. Some of the definition of bullying publicly states that, for a certain behavior to be considered as bullying, the bully must carry the intentions of harming the targeted person. It is not however always the case. This is because some of the bulling victims may feel threatened by a situation that was not intended to hurt them and make them fell the way they do. 3 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS Just like the way the CDCs definition says that bullying must be repeated several times to the victim involved, but other insists that bullying can even be a onetime action. Despite complainant, most people insinuate that bullying is a very bad behavior that occur mostly to students From the profit point of adulthood, bullying is viewed as pointless, mean spirited and so unfortunate that it is a behavior that mostly occurs in childhood. Some adults haven’t gotten out of the bullying behavior whereby they belittle others and push them away. The good thing is that bullying has come out to the face of media and the public protest is ensuring that teachers, parent’s administrators and policy makers are doing something on the issue. Public expression on bullying is seen to bring about inevitable confusion, misconceptions and misunderstanding to the listeners part. Mostly when the question on bullying arises people often have more questions than they can answer. This concept will help clear the confusion and correct the misconceptions and the misunderstandings. About bullying that was there in the past and still in today. We will therefore start with a good definition of bullying look at where it usually or mostly occurs and who are mostly affected by such scenarios. From there we shall look at exactly who is affected by bullying, the psychological effects that can occur as a result of bullying. We shall separate facts from myths. From there the content contained the information on how such occurrences are handled and ideas on how to help For many young people, bullying is not a new thing to them especially students. Being victimized is considered to being depressed and this leads to loneliness, anxiety and general selfesteem. 4 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS The question that most people ask is whether the victimization is the one that bring about the emotional problems or whether the emotional problems are the ones that lead to victimization. Tendencies towards excessive competition, tensions in everyday life, excessive individualization and the spread of different negative interaction in conflict characterize relationship between adolescents. The point of researching is to figure out whether bullying leads to emotional problems to children I the teenage age. Most of the researchers in the past decades have indicated that socialization space, and the times when there is a direct conversation for adults with their teenage children have reduced. The only place that the teenagers get social interactions from is the educational institutions precisely the class staff. There is need for the scientific thought in this situation in order to help prevent it from potential preventers and educational institutions. In the study and preventive tactics in bullying there are problems that are encountered with and Copeland et al. (2015) came up with tactics on how to prevent factors associated with. On the other hand Spence, Nosko (2015) showed the psychological and sociopsychological feature of those children, boys and adolescent that carry out bullying and their psychological methods of Thomas et al. (2016) considered the characteristics of using the educational institutions to prevent bullying. Jauntier el al. (2015) showed how bullying among adolescent is carried out in classes and in schools and revealed the factors that influence bullying By development theories, McDougall, Vaillancourt (2015) verified ability of the staff from the Primary School to stop bullying in adolescence. 5 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS The bullying history has portrayed the symptoms of depression and anxiety mostly in the girls that are in the teenage age. The survey that was carried out in Victoria and Australia about bullying showed that student at the teenage age experience bullying at least once in their life time. The student were found to be exposed in four types of victimzation.these includes; being teased, rumors being spread about them, being excluded from others or experiencing physical threats and violence from others.. In this group the level of victimization was higher and somewhat stable. Those students who were bullied in this year were also found to being bullied the following year according to the study carried out. Victimization history was a sign which was accompanied symptoms of anxiety and depression. After taking into account other measures this was a case which was mainly found in girls. Further research is needed to ascertain if anxiety and depression in teenagers can be reduced by the reduction on bullying. His indications that are derived from this study reveal that reduction could have strong effects on the emotional wellbeing of the people. The main impact that was derived by the use of computerized version reveals about the symptoms of anxiety or depression. The report showed that more than twelve students in a year in the ninth year. The research done before revealed that victimization was found in both years. Results: victimization prevalence a following year of survey showed that in the 8th year 51% (95% confidence interval 49% to 54%), and prevalence of the reported cased with symptoms of depression and anxiety in the 9th year was as a result of victimization which was either reported once or twice. In the 8th year. The social relations factors resulted to victimization and depression was high in girls than in boys. 0). 6 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS Conclusion: victimization and bad relationship socially predicts the emotional problems in ado scent. The emotional problems that occur severally are not the real cause of the victimization that will occur in future. These results are followed by the predictions for how serious the victimization occurrence is handled and for the way of intervening whose goal is to discourse mental issues in adolescents. The impacts depend on those taking part for whom victimization information and mental health status was there for all cause. (2365) or whose data is missing at booth wave one and two (194). For the 194 student research an assumption was made that no bullying and so depression symptoms that re associated with bullying but in that wave data was missing. Simple variation of two variables was calculated using the odd ratios it tested with χ2 test. For cluster sampling survey estimated method was used to account for sampling sandwich. (Stata Statistical Software version 6.0, Stata Corporation, College Station, TX). To show the ability confusing effects the multiple logistic regression was carried out which was accompanied clustering adjustment by the use of survey estimation methods. Population attributable fraction was adjusted for confusion which was made during the logistic regression. With 95% confidence intervals being well adjusted. Another sample of 3623 students was carried out 2860 participated in at least on one cause of the data collected 71 % provided data for this analysis. Only a small difference was found in some of the sociodemographic factors. Only 8% data was missing in the third cause. There were a high number of boys of non-intact families and families whose language was not English. The prevalence of victimization at each of the three survey periods was 49% (95% confidence interval 48% to 53%), 51% (49% to 54%), and 42% (39% to 45%). Eight hundred 7 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS and fifty-seven (33%) respondents were defined as having experienced recurrent victimization, 853 (33%) reported being bullied at one time point, and 849 (33%) reported no victimization at either time point in year 8; 544 (63%) of those students who were victimized recurrently in year 8 reported being victimized in year 9. In conclusion, it is clear that bullying; leads to emotional suffering among teenagers. Most feel neglected, and some get the thoughts of committing suicide. Bullying among the teenagers should be highly condemned for a brighter and stress-free future of the teens. Most of the writers indicate that recently the number of the teenagers who are in a position to have a direct conversation has drastically reduced. The only social interaction that the adolescent children are left with is the educational institutions particularly the class staff. There is need to look at ways in which bullying can be prevented at all levels 8 BULLYING IN TEENAGERS 9 References BMJ 2001; 323 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.323.7311.480 (Published 01 September 2001) Copeland, W. E., Built, C. M., Zucker, N., Wolke, D., Lereya, S. T., & Costello, E. J. (2015). Does childhood bullying predict eating disorder symptoms? A prospective, longitudinal analysis. International journal of eating disorders, 48(8), 1141-1149. Jantzer, V., Haffner, J., Parzer, P., Resch, F., & Kaess, M. (2015). Does parental monitoring moderate the relationship between bullying and adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behavior? A community-based self-report study of adolescents in Germany. BMC public health, 15(1), 583. McDougall, P., & Vaillancourt, T. (2015). Long-term adult outcomes of peer victimization in childhood and adolescence: Pathways to adjustment and maladjustment. American Psychologist, 70(4), 300. Spence Laschinger, H. K., & Nosko, A. (2015). Exposure to workplace bullying and post‐ traumatic stress disorder symptomology: the role of protective psychological resources. Journal of nursing management, 23(2), 252-262. Thomas, H. J., Chan, G. C., Scott, J. G., Connor, J. P., Kelly, A. B., & Williams, J. (2016). Association of different forms of bullying victimisation with adolescents’ psychological distress and reduced emotional wellbeing. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 50(4), 371-379. ...
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ProfLillie
School: Purdue University

Hi, I have revised on grammar, taken out...

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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