Identification is fundamental when handling specimen. It involves proper labelling of specimen, and should be
done immediately after collection, right next to the patient if applicable. At least two patient identifiers, that is
the name and date of birth may be used, date and time of collection, their medical number, and specimen type
are also indicated. Bar coding is the most recent form of automated identification.
This mostly refers to the sorting out of different samples. Despite most hospitals using laboratory technicians for
this processes, automation is much faster and more accurate as it eliminates human error. Independent and standalone automated processors are being used to sort and separate samples as well as deliver them in a conveyer
Entails safe transportation of specimen from point of collection to the laboratory. Depending with specimen type,
appropriate packaging materials must be used to ensure integrity of specimen, while infection prevention and
control measures are observed. Double bagging and biohazard marking is expected in suspected high risk
specimens. Instead of manual transportation, Automated methods such as pneumatic tubes and mobile robots
have been used.
Specimen loading and aspiration
The loading area is where samples of specimen are held before analysis. With automation, loading is made easier
especially due to the presence of barcodes. Samples are scanned and loaded in a particular specified o...