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The climate determines the amount of rainfall received by an area. This determines the vegetation of the area. The microorganisms, higher plants and other forms of life that live above or under the soil are also determined by the rainfall and humidity in a particular place. The humidity and temperature also affects the soil in a region. IN humid areas the soil is highly leached. The forest cover and humid climate contributes to the light color and small amounts of organic matter in the soil.
For instance in cold regions, the trees have sharp and sloping leaves to shrug off snow. In rainforests, the trees are tall and suited to rise above the shorter plants to grab sunlight.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=rNrwAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA69&lpg=PA69&dq=How+is+climate+the+indirect+and+direct+cause+that+determines+the+type+of+soil,+vegetation+and+animal+life+which+would+inhabit+an+area&source=bl&ots=3hcnHMhsYW&sig=gfrNOOe5jG2Q8HhJ27MA-TYwgk8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LPmBVdyXIeLYmAW8moCoDg&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=How%20is%20climate%20the%20indirect%20and%20direct%20cause%20that%20determines%20the%20type%20of%20soil%2C%20vegetation%20and%20animal%20life%20which%20would%20inhabit%20an%20area&f=falsePlease let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
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