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The climate determines the amount of rainfall received by an
area. This determines the vegetation of the area. The microorganisms, higher
plants and other forms of life that live above or under the soil are also
determined by the rainfall and humidity in a particular place. The humidity and
temperature also affects the soil in a region. IN humid areas the soil is
highly leached. The forest cover and humid climate contributes to the light
color and small amounts of organic matter in the soil.
For instance in cold regions, the trees have sharp and
sloping leaves to shrug off snow. In rainforests, the trees are tall and suited
to rise above the shorter plants to grab sunlight.