Feminism Philosophy exam 1

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I provide all the pages needed for the exam, it is not too long, it is on Minnach's readings.. Needed quickly less than 24 hours since someone just screwed me over last minute. need big help!

Feminist Philosophy Philosophy 265 Study Guide Exam 1 Dr. Moeller I. Brief essays 1. Minnich argues that it is wrong to hold one kind of person to be of more inherent value than another kind(s). She claims, though, that even before comparing two “kinds” of people, there is a prior problem, “the root conceptual error that feeds knowledges that…derive from and legitimate systems of domination.” (p. 25) Explain what that root conceptual error is, according to Minnich. (See p. 25) 2. Once you answer the above question, to Minnich, is it ever valid to claim that there are distinctions among people? a. If no, why not? b. If yes, what kind of distinction making is valid and what kind is not, to her? c. To Minnich, is it valid to acknowledge “flexible, mutable distinctions”? d. Is it valid to think of “real divisions that are taken to be given” [by God, by nature, or by some other authority], something else that involves no human thought, culture, and action in making certain traits out to be important in distinguishing people and acting so as to reinforce those distinctions? (Again, see p. 25) Explain your answers to each of these. Be sure to use your own words. 3. Name each of the four errors Minnich regards as “basic to dominant traditions.” 4. Choose three of them and explain each of the three errors in your own words. 5. Give an example of each of these three errors. 6. Name and describe a primary error (of Minnich’s “four primary errors”) involved in each of the following claims. a. “Feminist philosophy is stupid because it is a class devoted to feminist ideas.” b. “Women’s Studies classes undermine the excellence of Moravian College.” c. “If women want to be equal they must be treated the same as men.” d. “Socrates was the first philosophical thinker.” e. “James is the most intelligent person at this school. He got a perfect SAT score.” f. “A female construction foreman would not be a strong enough leader to get things done.” 1 g. “We should not lower our standards of literature just to make our list of great books more diverse.” h. “Mulhlenberg students are rude. I met three Muhlenberg students through a friend, and they were very impolite.” 7. Explain what Minnich thinks was going on when her students were resistant to reading (African) Yoruba thought in their philosophy class, criticizing it as “primitive” and as “not philosophical.” 8. Explain Minnich’s main points in describing the “Art History” course that focuses exclusively on North Carolina art. 9. Minnich says of women in the academic disciplines, “We weren’t omitted. We were excluded.” (p. 78) Explain what she means by this distinction (between omission and exclusion) and explain why and how it matters. 10. Explain what Minnich means in critiquing models of women’s studies that simply “add women and stir.” What is wrong with a merely additive approach to traditional (male-dominated) thought? 11. Minnich claims that death has been focused on in dominant Western traditions more than life. How does she think that relates to women and men and whose voices have been heard more in dominant traditions? 12. Consider the privilege given to “legacy” applicants to colleges and universities. How does Minnich consider that to reinforce such hierarchies as those of class and race? 13. Explain what Minnich means by the term “psychotic conceptualizations.” 14. Explain what Minnich means (p. 35), “In what is clearly circular reasoning, sex, race, and disabilities (for prime examples) are defined within cultures and languages and read into nature; then categorically unequal treatment is explained as appropriate to and legitimated by the very nature into which it has been inscribed.” 15. Explain Minnich’s challenge to the phrase “humans and nature.” (p. 35) 16. Take one of Minnich’s listed “mystified concepts” (such as excellence, equality, war, man, sex, gender, woman) and explain what is “mystified” about it. 17. Explain some aspect of what Minnich says about war, such as how it is often related to gender, or how the military academies are so well ordered and beautiful. II. True/False 2 1. Minnich claims that none of the books on the traditional “Great Books” lists should be considered great at all. 2. Minnich writes, “That which does not carry a prefix seems to be, and is assumed to be, universal: literature as it has been taught by professional scholars is the thing-itself, whereas women’s literature is a kind of literature, Black women’s literature is a still more narrow kind, and Third World Black women’s literature is even further removed from generality and definitional centrality.” (p. 95) 6. Minnich writes (p. 79), “Sexism…is just a personal problem.” 7. Minnich writes (p. 71) traditional scholarship is actually “disinterested and objective.” 8. Minnich warns (p. 71) that feminists should never “’politicize’ scholarship.” III. Brief Essays Explain the meaning of 1-18 of section II, and explain why Minnich would or would not agree with it. IV. Longer Essay 1. In the form of a letter to the Dean, to a chair of a certain department (perhaps your major department), or to the President: a. present favorably (agreeing with it) some important dimension of Minnich’s views about the importance of “transforming knowledge,” and b. apply it to some change to/at Moravian College that you think would fit with her positions and argument, giving reasons the change should be adopted. (For example, you might question the extent to which non-dominant history or literature is taught here.) Since you should not assume that person has read the book, be sure to really explain your/Minnich’s position fully, in addition to showing how it connects to your points about Moravian. 2. In the form of a letter to the Dean, to a chair of a certain department (perhaps your major department), or to the President: a. present favorably (agreeing with it) some important dimension of Minnich’s views about the importance of “transforming knowledge,” and b. apply it to some change to/at Moravian College’s Learning in Common (LinC) curriculum – or other requirement -- that you think would fit with her positions and argument, giving reasons the change should be adopted. (For example, you might question the extent to which non-dominant history or literature is taught here.) 3 Since you should not assume that person has read the book, be sure to really explain your/Minnich’s position fully, in addition to showing how it connects to your points about Moravian. 3. a. First, provide a sympathetic treatment of some important aspect of Minnich’s position and reasoning, then b. Explain how a potential critic could object to some aspect of Minnich’s view, stating and explaining the objection and giving reasons for it. 4

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School: UC Berkeley

Attached.

OUTLINE
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PHILOSOPHY

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Philosophy
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PHILOSOPHY

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PHILOSOPHY QUESTIONS

Question 1
According to Minnich, the root conceptual error is when the government system assumes to be
dominant hence, they take control of the people. Through their dominance, they can influence the
people to do whatever they want. It is the legitimate system which thinks of itself as dominant.
Minnich also believes that the root conceptual error is when a singular term is generalized to mean
other terms. One term presents several other terms. For example, when the term man and not men
are used to indicate both female and male gender.
Question 2
To Minnich, he thinks that it is valid to claim that there is a distinction among people. It is because
everyone is unique in his way of reasoning and at the same time everyone has a unique nature
depending on sex, age and culture. The kind of distinction making which valid is the difference in
their nature of addressing their opinions as well as their survival in their environment.
To Minnich, it is valid to acknowledge flexible mutable distinctions in that there are times when
we could reconsider what we had known after learning other concepts from others.
It is valid to think of real division which is taken to be given by God since it is not by choice that
we think of the actual division but it is inborn and occurs on its own without knowing. It is also
valid to think of real division which are taken to be given by nature in that the environment in
which we are driving us to respond and make opinion on certain manners.it is also valid to think
of real division which is taken to be given by authority in that it is the legitimate system which
makes us form different opinions and judge according to their influence.

PHILOSOPHY

3

Q3
The errors that Minnich consider as essential to dominant tradition are hierarchical, division by
kind, the norm and ideal for all.
Q4
The error of hierarchy means that the people in authority have the mandate to give orders to the
other people. Division by kind is when there is generalization of words in which a specific few
emerge as the term. The norm means the ethics and the morals of the society. Ideal for all is when
there is equality for everyone.
Q5
A...

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Anonymous
Thanks, good work

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