Running head: PHILOSOPHY
Explain how the “Allegory of the Cave” relates to the life of Socrates (for example, how
is Socrates like the released prisoner? how are the citizens of Athens like the prisoners
in the cave?) and how both, the Allegory and the “Myth of Er” are intended by Plato to
be saving tales for his readers
Allegory of the cave relates to most humans including Socrates. Socrates is a
philosopher where he believes that a philosopher is similar to a prisoner freed from the cave
and starts understanding that shadows on the way may not necessarily be real at all. The
philosopher should perceive the true form of reality instead of the manufactured reality that
appears from the shadows that the prisoners see. The prisoner who breaks out discovers that
reality was not what he initially thought (Cohen, 2008). The prisoner who broke out is similar
to Socrates who discovered some of the things from the reality of the world that occurs.
In the "allegory of the cave," Plato describes a world with chained prisoners in a cave.
The events of the cave are still applicable to the citizens of Athens who are held down by
some of the aspects that exist in the society including the government, media, technologies,
and religion. The world people live in comprising some of the parts where someone above the
rest in authority exists. The people in authority think that they can control the other humans
or as Plato says, keep them chained. The government controls most of the activities in Athens
to signify authority that existed in the cave where prisoners took orders from the superiors.
Plato uses myths that are indicative of a penchant for the addition of rhetorical
flourish as well as dazzling readers into an interest in philosophy. The myths function as a
way through which Plato attempts to psychologically seduce the readers to be taken by a
specific philosophical view or acting as auxiliaries to the rational arguments in the dialogues
as a way of psychological reinforcement.
Explore how the “Allegory of the Cave” and / or the “Myth of Er” may be applied to a)
either Genesis or Exodus, to b) the Gospel of Mark and to c) any other text from the
The dialogue in Plato's "Republic" centered on the theme of Justice where Plato
continued criticizing the form and content that existed in traditional myths. Even though Plato
harshly criticizes storytelling and the myth, he develops the "Myth of Er" at the end of the
"Republic." The "Myth of Er" is a beautiful eschatological allegory that describes the postmortem effect of justice on the soul (D'Anastasio, 2013). The "Myth of Er" corresponds to
the "Allegory of the Cave" in some of the aspects witnessed in both writings.
The Myth of Er
Allegory of the cave
In writing the philosophical myth, the author
The author intends to use the message of the
intends to inspire the reader to practice their
text to entice readers to avoid looking at
philosophy instead of taking Plato's
some of the things as they are but take them
"Republic" as a source of their philosophical
as illusions that one can go through them. It
is evident from the released prisoner that the
author uses to depict someone who later
comes to understand he was imprisoned in
The Myth describes the journey of a man
Allegory of the cave is a description of the
through his afterlife
life events of imprisoned individuals in a
The “Allegory of the cave” has some similarities to the Exodus where the Israelites
moved out of Egypt in search of freedom. Similarities arise since in Egypt the Israelites were
who went through many worse things in the hands of the Egyptians. Allegory of the cave
narrates the events of the people who were imprisoned and had to find ways to free
themselves. The released individual is symbolic of the Israelites who would later leave Egypt
to their promised land.
Allegory of the cave can be related to the modern world because of its reflection of
the idea of the idea of the philosophical seeker who goes back to the society only to be
confronted with the worldviews of the society after his release. Group thinking in a society
may result in limited perception unlike an individual who has not perceived what the group
shares. The individual who escapes from the cave has firsthand experience and may find it
difficult to explain to the other individuals since some of the changes in the mind happens
because of experience and not explanations.
Many of the texts in the Syllabus feature a divine comedy of sorts, a journey to heaven
through hell. To what extent is this statement true?
Genesis, Exodus, Gospel of Mark, and divine
The Biblical journey of the Exodus where the
Israelites underwent difficulties as Moses led
them out of Egypt provides a source of
encouragement to most people. The journey
teaches people of the crucial element of the
journey that entails having a mission and
working on ensuring its fulfilment. The word
of the Lord gives people strength and
direction as well as inspiring people to do
most of the things they want to.
The journey to heaven may be through hell in some situations. The Bible
states that God does not send his children to hell. An individual going to hell is because of the
individual's deliberate choice. God's will is for saving all humans, and the preparation of Hell
was not for humans but rather the devil and his angels. Hell is a place of torment that is more
than the guilty conscience. People go through torments in their life because of some of the
choices they make. The torments of hell make an individual to change and turn thoughts
toward God. Some of the people go through some of the torments in hell before becoming
concerned with the need to acknowledge the presence of the Lord and start believing in Him.
Individuals going through the torments of hell before turning to Christ signifies the statement
of a journey to heaven through hell.
In your judgement, what ...