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Alizada 1 Araz Alizada Professor Castellanos Introduction to International Studies A Long Way Gone Essay 14 December 2018 A Long Way Gone Since April 4th, 2018, the All People’s Congress along with the Sierra Leone People’s Party are the ruling parties under former President Joseph Saidu Momoh, the second president of Sierra Leone. Sierra leone, a country located in West Africa constitutes of African nationalism along with political principles of democratic socialism, which allows for production and values of capitalism to regulate the nation at large. Since March 23rd, 1991 a civil war broke out between the rebel army group called Revolutionary United Front and Sierra Leone. As a result, the RUF killed 50,000 innocent people. Among this vast amount of deaths, the majority of the killings were committed by young combatants who were resident civilians living in cities such as Kabati, Mogbwemo, a mining district, along with Mattru Jong who involuntarily supported the Revolutionary United Front or RUF, allies with Libya and Burkina Faso. About eleven thousand children amongst those who fought for RUF were used as slaves, prostitutes, diamond miners, or all three. The children were to obtain resources like machinery, food, and water at any cost. They were told to change their moral values commit crimes against humanity like murdering their own people with the resources they stole. To further elaborate on the circumstances of children during the civil war era in Sierra Leone, a narrator and author named Ishmael Beah has written a cringy, descriptive memoir called, A Long Way Gone, depicting real life dilemmas such as poverty, violence, and international crimes, exposing the reader to understand the violence and hatred of extremist political entities such as RUF. The memoir Alizada 2 encourages the reader to visually imagine the personal struggles and condition of children refugees throughout their everyday struggle to survive. Many of the problems the African children refugees had experience are universal problems occurring all around the world to many diverse groups of individuals today. Amongst these anthropogenic problems lies the scarcity of food, lack of equal employment opportunity, human right violations and lastly, family structure all leading to a regression in mental health. In an article called, Live Free and Starve by Chitra Divakaruni. In the first section of the reading She elaborates how children of countries where there is economic development struggle to survive because they constantly have to debate whether they should keep their jobs and work under conditions of no solidarity or to continue to work and provide for themselves. Chitra Divakaruni says, “Meanwhile these children, mostly employed by rug makers, spend their days in dark, ill-ventilated rooms during work that damages their eyes and lungs. They aren’t even allowed to stand up and stretch. Each time they go to the bathroom they suffer a pay cut” (Divakaruni 179). The pressure for children provide for themselves is prevalent in so many ways as they have to maintain their health and wellness while behaving in a cautious manner like Ishmael on the farm of Gribrill’s uncle for three months or being chased by boars in a temperate forest. The struggle to just enjoy a meal, but to find a meal was a mission for children who escaped like Ishmael and his friends. However, while being well-taken care had always be the primary goal, it was used as a manipulative strategy for the Revolutionary United Front to recruit the young children through manipulation, favors, free time, and treats of which they had not been exposed to in months. In chapter ten of the novel, A Long Way Gone, the reader understands the change which Ishmael experiences as he admits the village of Yele seemed like a proper environment in which he didn’t mind to reside in. Although he temporarily felt this way, the Alizada 3 readers learns a lot about Ishmael’s characteristics and values. Ishmael favors loyalty because he remains altrustic towards the two groups of young boys, he remains honest to himself, motivated throughout his struggle to find his path. Ishmael represents a strong, charismatic individual who has the ability to lead others to the path of virtue and respect for others. Aside from this particular memoir I learned the importance organizations like the United Nations’ enforcement and intervention. My learning outcomes of this course and after reading A Long Way Gone include taking an interest in learning more about the regulation of refugees, who they are, what they experience, and how they overcome their obstacles such as Ishmael Beah. A refugee is defined as a person who has been forced, obliged to flee or level their house or place of habitual residence to avoid the effect of armed conflict, generalized violence, violence of human rights, or human-made disasters and those who have not crossed the international borders. One organization called the UNHCR or United Nations High Commission for Refugees’ vital objectives are to understanding if the human rights of a civilian are being violated and when to intervene during conflicts of war and violence. During the 1970’s, about one million of the 32 million people living in Africa at the time were identified as refugees. One of the essential objectives of the United Nations is to provide protection for civilian populations. Adam Roberts, author of the article called, The United Nations and International Security speaks about collective security as a means of a country dominating another one. He says, “There is always a risk that a collective security system will be seen as protecting only certain countries or interests or as privileging certain principles at the expense of others”(Roberts 133). He discusses the importance of civilian rights and the mission of this intergovernmental organization is primarily to protect, provide, and establish legislations to meet the needs of refugees like obtaining a legal status if they were an immigrant. Alizada 4 If the government had not been so polarized, belonging to a one party system and President Saidu had not belonged to an African Nationalist Party, the governmental dynamics would have not been so influential to the domination of power of smaller militant groups like Revolutionary United Front. During this time, Sierra Leone was a one party state, allowing fascist leaders to rule as totalitarians A narrator by the name of Ishmael Beah asks an objective question, “What kind of liberation movement shoots innocent civilians, children, and that little girl?” Ishmael Beah, author of the novel and member the Human Rights Watch Children’s Rights and the Head of Ishmael Beah Foundation, has written a memoir called, A Long Way Gone depicts many life experiences which children who live in dominating societies of power and corruption. In the memoir called, A Long Way Gone, Ishmael Beah describes several experiences of himself, his brother Junior, and their school friends, Talloi, Kaloko, Khaliou, and Gibrilla. These children take the title as combatants but truly are refugees, escaping the atrocities associated with war and crimes against humanity. This memoir takes place in Sierra Leone, during the late 19th century. During his childhood, he was severely affected by war crime, violence, and experienced child labor. A memory which the narrators depicts in great detail is the period of confrontation, running with his friends from the rebels throughout villages, and residing in a rebel camp. Ishmael is from a town named Mogbwemo and the rebels attacked this area. His first confrontation was in Kabati, the area where his grandma, Mamie Kpana lives. A rebel group attacked a man and his wife and children while shooting at their car along with other civilians who followed behind. This was the first time Ishmael experienced seeing bloodshed and was reminded of the rebel group after his school professors warned him about the rebel attack coming close to the area. Ishmael’s father and mother are separated and his father lives in Mattru Jong. Alizada 5 Eventually, Ishmael had to leave his hometown, away from his grandma’s house and from Mattru Jong to seek protection. For a long period of time, he and his friends did not have a stabilized residence and lived in a wharf and became separated from their families. Ishmael shows his high spirits through speaking about his family members and wishing he was with them as he experienced traumatic events like killing people. He wished the memories of his family would never fade away. During his time in the forest after he becomes separated from his friends for the third time he says, “Nothing happened after a couple of hours, so I decided to take a bath. I hadn’t had time to take one for a while. My clothes were dirty, my crapes were rotten, and my body was sticky with dirt. When I first threw water on my skin, it became slimy. There was no soap, but in the forest there was an area that had a particular kind of grass that could be used as a substitute” (Chapter 8). Life as a refugee for Ishmael consisted of more than ten days of hiding, living in fear, carrying bodies on their backs of their own kind, and of course not possessing adequate supplies of food and water. In other words, living in poverty is a common theme. Another disadvantage and common universal problem Ishmael is challenged by is the experience of violence and force. He is present in front of rebel groups and fired all the stolen machinery. Rebel groups used a hot bayonet and pressed the letters RUF, placed upon the bodies of young children and formed militant groups of civilians. When he first encountered the rebel group, he successfully stayed under a tree and was told that bloodshed will make him stronger. After six days, he became employed at Kamator and farmed for three months before becoming separated from his older brother, Junior. In the temperate forest where there was an absence of medical plants, Ishmael encountered a wild boar chase and met his childhood friends from secondary school. As a militant child solider, Ishmael had to utilize d the resources through stealing from family to supply the military camps where Alizada 6 the rebels kept their hostages. The boys had been captured for two years of gathering ammunition and killing innocent civilians. The purpose was to go to remote villages of civilian population and obtain their resources and recruit more civilians as militants for the rebel group. They made civilians fight for resources, living in temporary huts, scavenging for food leftover in pots which were belonged to the deceased. “In my head, my life was normal. But everything began to change in the last weeks of January 1996. I was fifteen.” After 5 years of separation, violence, & living in fear. After his two years, he successful settled into a center called Benin Home and met his aunt and his old friends. The transition of being treated to being ill-treated by the combatants caused psychological trauma and confusion for Ishmael however, his spirit remained alive throughout his time as a military soldier at the age of fifteen and meeting a friend named Esther. In chapter ten Ishmael writes, “One of the unsettling things about my journey, mentally, physically, and emotionally as that I wasn’t sure when or where it was going to end. I didn’t know what I was going to with my life. I felt like I was starting over and over again. I was always on the move, always going somewhere” (Beah, Chapter 10). Some strengths of this memoir is it is extremely detailed, it illustrates the amount of strength every person needs to survive violence and oppression at the deadlist level. Another benefit of this memoir is the importance of friendship. Throughout this memoir, Ishmael is separated from his friends and then he is reconnected with them which was his only way of living as a child. With this in mind, one weakness of this memoir is Beah focuses on the real tragedies of the children’s lives without missing the true experiences of a child refugee along with the crimes against humanity committed against them and the lack of political rights given to military soldiers. Overall, this memoir is descriptive as it is full of imagery and visual aid. Alizada 7 Reference Page Beah, Ishmael. “A Long Way Gone” New York: Sarah Crichton Books, 2007. 219-22. Print. Purchase answer to see full attachment

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Alizada 1

Araz Alizada
Professor Castellanos
Introduction to International Studies
A Long Way Gone Essay
14 December 2018
A Long Way Gone
Since April 4th, 2018, the All People’s Congress along with the Sierra Leone People’s
Party are the ruling parties under former President Joseph Saidu Momoh, the second president of
Sierra Leone (Art and Robert 56). Sierra Leone, a country located in West Africa constitutes of
African nationalism along with political principles of democratic socialism, which allows for
production and values of capitalism to regulate the nation at large. Since March 23rd, 1991, a
civil war broke out between the rebel army group called Revolutionary United Front (RUF) and
Sierra Leone. As a result, the RUF killed 50,000 innocent people. Among this vast amount of
deaths, majority of the killings were committed by young combatants who were resident civilians
in cities such as Kabati, and Mogbwemo, a mining district (Art and Robert 56). Mattru Jong who
involuntarily supported RUF, Libya and Burkina Faso were also involved in the killings. About
eleven thousand children amongst those who fought for RUF were used as slaves, prostitutes,
and diamond miners. The children were to obtain resources like machinery, food, and water at
any cost. They were told to change their moral values commit crimes against humanity like
murdering their own people with the resources they stole. To further elaborate on the
circumstances of children during the civil war era in Sierra Leone, a narrator and author named
Ishmael Beah has written a descriptive memoir called, A Long Way Gone, depicting real life
dilemmas such as poverty, violence, and international crimes. It helps one to understand the

Alizada 2

violence and hatred of extremist political entities such as RUF. The memoir encourages the
reader to visually the personal struggles and condition of children refugees throughout their
everyday struggle to survive.
Many of the problems the African children refugees had experienced are universal
problems occurring all around the world to many diverse groups of individuals today. Amongst
these anthropogenic problems lies the scarcity of food, lack of equal employment opportunity,
human right violations and family structure, all leading to a regression in mental health. In Live
Free and Starve by Chitra Divakaruni, the author elaborates how children of countries where
there is economic development struggle to survive because they constantly have to d...

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awesome work thanks

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