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Assignment Choice #1: The Case of Lancaster Electronics—Types of Disclosure

Lancaster Electronics produces electronic components for sale to manufacturers of radios, television sets, and phonographic systems. In connection with his examination of Lancaster's financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011, Dan Olds, CPA, completed fieldwork two weeks ago. Mr. Olds is now evaluating the significance of the following items for preparing his auditor’s report. Except as noted, none of these items has been disclosed in the financials or footnotes.

  1. Recently, Lancaster interrupted its policy of paying cash dividends quarterly to its stockholders. Dividends were paid regularly through 2009, discontinued for all of 2010 to finance equipment in the company’s new plant, and resumed in the first quarter of 2011. In the annual report, dividend policy is to be discussed in the president's letter to stockholders.
  2. A 10-year loan agreement, which the company entered into three years ago, provides that dividend payments may not exceed net income earned after taxes subsequent to the date of agreement. The balance of retained earnings at the date of the loan agreement was $298,000. From that date through December 31, 2011, income after taxes was totaled 360,000. Cash dividends have totaled $130,000. Based on this data, the staff auditor assigned to this review concluded that there was no retained earnings restriction at December 31, 2011.
  3. The company's new manufacturing plant building, which cost $600,000 and has an estimated life of 25 years, is leased from the Sixth National Bank in annual rental of $100,000. The company is obligated to pay property taxes, insurance, and maintenance. At conclusion of its 10-year non-cancellable lease, the company has the option of purchasing the property for $1. In Lancaster’s income statement, the rental payment is reported on a separate line.
  4. A major electronics firm has introduced a line of products that will compete directly with Lancaster’s primary line, which is now being produced in the specially designed new plant. Because of manufacturing innovations, a competitor's line will be of comparable quality but priced $.50 below Lancaster’s line. The competitor announced its new line during the week following completion of its fieldwork. Mr. Olds read the announcement in the newspaper and discussed the situation by telephone with Lancaster executives. Lancaster will meet the lower prices with prices that are high enough to cover viable manufacturing and selling expenses but will permit recovery of only a portion of fixed costs.

Required: For each of the preceding items, discuss any additional disclosures in the financial statements and footnotes that the auditor should recommend to its clients which are outlined inSchroeder, R.G., Clark, M.W, & Cathey, J.M. (2013) Chapter 17. (The cumulative effect of the four items should not be considered.)

Your well-written paper must be 2-3 pages, in addition to title and reference pages. The paper should be formatted according to the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Cite at least two peer-reviewed sources, in addition to the required reading for the module.

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Accounting Questions and Answer.
Student’s Name.
Institution Affiliation.




Accounting Questions and Answer.
Item 1

CPA offers recommendations in cases that involve cumulative preferred dividends.

Nonetheless, it remains imperative to indicate that policies about ordinary stock dividends to be
revealed to the public at the discretion of the board of directors. Therefore, the business should
not be committed to explain or reveal its policy with pertinence to stock dividends in its financial
records as this information is contained in a president’s letter. Resultantly, suppose a president’s
letter fails to include the cumulative preferred dividends, a footnote should be added or, this
information should be presented in the other financial statements.


An auditor provides comments and opinions with regards to financial statements that have

omitted cumulative preferred dividends. Alternatively, no comments should be offered for
reports that have included or explained the cumulative preferred dividends.

Item 2

The auditor miscalculated the requirements of the loan agreement. On the day of the deal,

the retained earnings were $298,000 earmarked as the account balance on the day of the
convention. The nature surrounding this amount should be indicated on the balance sheet or a
footnote on the financial statements.


Suppose Lancaster failed to disclose the restricted account balance before the loan

agreement, it is the fiduciary obligation of an auditor to indicate this opinion and comment in
their report....

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