Topic 5: Case Studies
Functional Behavior Assessments Assignment
Case Study One: Johnny
Johnny is a young boy with an emotional disability who receives most of his education in an
inclusive classroom. He speaks in one- and two-word utterances and can say, “book,” “food,”
“more,” “hi,” and “drink.” However, his main mode of communication is a picture-exchange
Although Johnny has demonstrated that he really enjoys group activities, he has lately begun
biting his fellow students. He seems to pick on Stephen the most. As if this were not enough,
Johnny has begun pinching his teacher during one-on-one instruction. After he engages in one of
these behaviors, he yells, “It hurts!” and starts laughing.
A behavior analyst has conducted a structured interview as part of a functional behavior
assessment. The teacher and parents’ responses indicate that the function of Johnny’s aggressive
behaviors is to seek attention. However, the analyst needs to directly assess the behavior.
Case Study Two: Alex
Alex has been diagnosed with a learning disability. He reads at an eighth-grade level. Although
he is a star athlete, he is not very popular with his classmates. He does not cause much trouble in
class, but he rarely finishes his work or turns in homework. He seems to have the capacity to do
the work, but gets by with C’s. Mr. Cashman, Alex’s math teacher, spoke to Alex one day about
these concerns, to which Alex responded, “I don’t need to work hard. In a few years, I’ll be set
because I’m going to be a pro baseball or basketball player.”
Mr. Cashman often lets students work together to finish assignments. During math instruction,
Alex works with another student on independent seat-work. One day, Alex looked at Sports
Illustrated for thirteen minutes instead of helping with the assignment. When his partner asked
him to lend a hand, Alex said, “Man, I don’t get this stuff. Just help me out.” The student
continued working. When Mr. Cashman noticed what was going on, he told Alex to put the
magazine away and to get to work. Alex complied, but five minutes later he got out the magazine
again. On another day, Alex fell asleep and had to be woken up by his partner. Alex frequently
asks to go to the bathroom. Each time Mr. Cashman lets him go.
Mr. Cashman needs to determine the amount of time that Alex spends off-task during class.
Purchase answer to see full