Victims of Domestic Abuse

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Victims of Domestic Abuse

Linda and her eight year old son are regularly beaten and insulted by her husband. Linda is financially dependent on her husband and is too scared to protest or to complain against his violent behavior. Her husband is well-known among the neighborhood as an ill-tempered and violent man.

Based on the above scenario, answer the following questions:

  • In your opinion, what kind of help can be provided to Linda to ease her plight? Why? Support your answer with appropriate examples from articles or real-life situations.
  • Which of the theories of domestic abuse are applicable to Linda’s husband? Why?
  • Should Linda be blamed and held accountable for not adequately protecting her child from abuse? Why doesn’t Linda simply take her child and leave the situation? Conduct research to support your answer.

Submission Details

  • Submit your answers in a 2–3 pages Microsoft Word document.
  • Support your responses with examples.
  • Cite any sources in APA format.

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Week 4 Notes CRJ4001 Victims of Child Abuse Child abuse includes neglect of children, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse of children. Physical Abuse includes physical injury inflicted on children through punching, beating, kicking, and other physical forms of abuse. Physical Neglect includes refusal or neglect of supervision, health-related issues, or abandonment. This is similar to child neglect, which is failure to provide the necessities of life such as shelter, safety, nutrition, education, and emotional needs. The last two have often been placed into their own categories called emotional neglect and educational neglect, respectively. In case of emotional neglect, the child may be exposed to domestic violence or may be deprived of affection and care. In case of educational neglect, the child may show signs of not attending school often or showing little concern about learning or education. Sexual Abuse includes intercourse with a child, fondling a child, rape, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation. A child who is subjected to these types of abuse can show telltale signs of abuse. The most common warning signs of child abuse are when a child: Has bruises, sores, and welts Appears emotionally different Is often left alone and unsupervised Is unclean and unattended Is extremely shy Is continually late in schools Fears contact with adults In addition to detecting the warning signs of child abuse, it is equally important to understand the root cause of child abuse. Two common theories of child abuse are: Social Learning Theory advocates that criminal behavior is acquired through observation of specific criminal acts or through interactions with a person who reinforces criminal or discriminative behavior. Labeling Theory advocates that people are likely to conform to criminal activities if they are stigmatized with labels such as "criminal" or "felon." Both these theories are supported by evidence that abusers have experienced high rates of abuse in their childhood. Victims of Domestic Abuse Domestic abuse occurs in a relationship where one person tries to control the other through fear, humiliation, intimidation, physical abuse, or even physical violence. Although mostly considered spousal abuse, domestic abuse also includes abuse by exspouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, and acquaintances. There are different types of domestic abuse. Physical Abuse referred to as domestic violence, this includes hitting, punching, slapping, biting, burning, throwing objects, using weapons for threats, and any other types of physical violence or threats. This type of abuse also includes stalking, which is to harass another person in a way that threatens the person physically or emotionally. Verbal Abuse and Emotional Abuse includes insults and derogatory comments at the expense of the victim. Sexual Abuse includes unwanted sex such as intercourse without consent, marital rape, and inappropriate sexual activity. Economic Abuse includes not allowing partners or spouses to work, confiscating their paychecks if they are working, controlling or using money as leverage in the relationship, and providing insufficient funds to them that do not allow them to take care of themselves or the children. There are a number of potential theoretical explanations for domestic abuse. Chief among these explanations are the following: Differential Association Theory explains domestic violence and child abuse as the existence of a correlation between domestic abuse and the perpetrator's past. Labeling Theory explains that people are likely to conform to an act for which they are repeatedly blamed. Radical Feminist Theory explains that women have been suppressed by men in nearly all aspects of society, including the workplace, socially, or at home. According to this theory, the perpetrators of domestic violence are men, and they abuse women to exercise power and control over them. In case a woman reacts to domestic violence, it is in defense to protect herself from the perpetrator. Victims of Rape Crime Rape is unlawful sexual intercourse without consent. In case of statutory rape, consent could be present. Rape can be committed by strangers, acquaintances, or spouses. Marital or spousal rape was not a crime until the late 1970s, but is currently a crime in all 50 states of the United States. Victims of rape come from all ages and economic backgrounds, particularly victims of acquaintance rape. However, the most likely victims of stranger rapes are women who are involved in prostitution or other activities that bring them into contact with drugs or crime. Although the perpetrators of stranger rapes are difficult to locate, acquaintance rapes provide difficulties in the form of under reporting. Some estimates state that as few as 10 percent of all acquaintance rapes are reported. Police departments are making an attempt to increase these percentages by creating a more comfortable atmosphere for rape victims, including the use of female investigators to handle all rape cases and the referral of rape victims to community support groups. There are several types of rape: Gang Rape: The victim is attacked by multiple offenders. Serial Rape: The offender engages in multiple rapes. Acquaintance Rape: The victim knows the offender. Date Rape: A sexual attack during a courting relationship. Statutory Rape: The victim is a minor under the age of 18. Marital Rape: Forced sexual relations between people who are legally married. The media has been actively involved in increasing awareness of acquaintance rape and the problems faced by rape victims. This awareness is required because in case of acquaintance rape, the idea of consent for sex is often ambiguous and prosecuting rapists who are acquaintances of the victims is extremely complex.
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