The assignment is complete.
Utilitarianism is a moral/ethical theory that decides a right from a wrong by analyzing the
results, and it is a type of consequentialism (Smart & Bernard, 1973, Utilitarianism: For and
against, para 2). It claims that the most moral judgment is the one that will deliver the best for
the best number. It is used as a moral system to justify war or military force. It is likewise a
generally utilized way of dealing with the reasoning that is applied in business in a manner by
which it considers expenses and profits. Nonetheless, it is sometimes impossible to predict the
future. Hence the knowledge of whether our outcomes will be good or bad is not absolute. This
comes as a constraint to utilitarianism.
About the theory
When considering values like individuals’ rights as well as justice, there tends to be some
trouble with accountability when applying utilitarianism. For instance, where a hospital has four
patients who are in pressing need of organ transplants: a kidney, heart, liver, and lungs, a healthy
person who happens to walk around can be removed his/hers to save the four lives. This situation
would be argued to have brought about a greater good for a higher number, i.e., saving four lives
at the expense of one. However, there would still be some critics who would question the ethical
standpoint of the action, let alone whether or not it was the right decision. This best describes
some of the limitations to this theory. There are some disagreements from utilitarian on whether
the right or wrong ought to be found on the actual outcomes of actions or their predictable results
(Mill 337). This problem occurs when the practical consequences of actions are entirely different
from the anticipated ones.
Case study 1
The rich and the rest
According to Pazzanese, the global economic meltdown that occurred in 2008
complicated the nature of the U.S, economy leaving most people in a zone of fiscal disparity
(The Rich and the Rest, para. 3). A wealthy person who invests excess money in some
partnership or financial asset anticipates gaining a return on investments. These type of people
have been commonly making contact with most political leaders creating some kind of influence
on the general public at large. According to this case study, financial specialists have deduced
that the matter related to the widening gap is caused by the fact that these wealthy people are part
of a larger scheme that has grown to all aspects of life, from education opportunities to career
prospects and housing (Pazzanese, 2016, The Rich and the Rest, para. 8).
Regardless of the intermediations in place, there have been some key factors that make it
impossible to bring the right balance to the greater number. Most political agendas from
candidates are funded by this individual making them be part of the agendas to be implemented.
For these cases, the agendas usually are for self-interests and fortunes as well making the higher
number of the rest who are not rich enough to stand by and watch. Solving these issues have
been quite a dilemma making some of the solutions proposed appear to be quite peculiar as if
they are on the wrong side. This phenomenon has resulted to less employment for less skilled
demographic, increase with the number of graduates with an inverse decrease in the job
opportunities offered and an income gain that flows to the top 1% of the rich earners. The
wealthy have the convictions that...