Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!
Skin from the thigh is cut away using a
specialized scalpel, then is fed through a machine the punches holes in
it to make it more elastic, it can then be used as a skin graft. The
advantages are there is little to no chance of rejection, But the
disadvantages are that if the donor site isn't cleaned and taken care of
properly there is a high rate of infection.
Posterior auricular cartilage can be used for rhinoplasties.
The fibula can be used for mandibular reconstruction.
Breast reconstruction is often done with myocutaneous flaps using rectus
abdominis or latissimus dorsi muscles. Flaps over the anterior neck can
be done using pectoralis major. Latissimus dorsi can also be used for
posterior neck or scalp coverage. Free flaps from the forearm are often
used for face/neck reconstruction. Myocutaneous flaps can be placed
almost anywhere really, as long as appropriate vasculature exists to
rotate a pedicled flap around, or attach a free flap to.
Split thickness skin grafts can be harvested from any place with a large
area of relatively flat skin and can be placed anywhere that needs
coverage. The most common donor site is the thigh, since there is lots
of skin there, and it is typically a covered area--so the scars are not
easily visible. Full thickness skin grafts are needed when covering
certain areas like the palms of the hands or soles of the feet where the
skin needs to be thick. Common places to take them are from the groin
creases, lower back/upper buttocks, or lower abdomen--places where
removal of some skin won't be missed.
Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Jun 20th, 2015
pleasure to work with you,please give me good reputation