Running head: PHOBIA
Florida National University
Chong, E., & Hovanec, E. (2012).Phobias. New York: Rosen Pub.
Phobia is an extended fear that prevents people from doing a certain task, interacting with
the given type of objects, situations or attending certain events like. Phobia is a disease and can
be treated depending on the degree the person has. People with a phobia can learn how to
overcome it or can see a professional who can help them overcome it. Phobia can be managed in
various ways, learning how to overcome tension can be a great way of overcoming fear. There
are different types of phobia these include; social phobia that exhibits in public. The victim fears
being embarrassed when performing an activity in public places such as presenting speeches.
Agoraphobia is a form of panic that people with phobia have when exposed to the public or an
open space. The author indicates that phobia is one of the anxiety mental disorders.
Bourne, E.(n.d) The anxiety & phobia workbook.
According to (Chong & Hovanec, 2012), anxiety is accumulated stress over time and has
been the main contributor to phobia. It is estimated that more people are likely to suffer from this
mental disorder due to the deterioration of the environment, economic instability, and terrorism.
Stress can be achieved in our daily life but the environment we are exposed to contribute much
to the stress accumulation. The environmental change has changed drastically due to the rapid
change in technology. The desire to cope with the information technology has robbed people
time thus leading to a stressful situation. World change due to economic uncertainties,
environmental change due to the destruction of natural all over the world and scientific future
prediction has contributed to anxiety over what may happen tomorrow. Also the development of
nuclear bombs and the existing worries about the world enemies, this has contributed to
accumulated fear leading to extreme panic and anxieties due to world uncertainties. Lack of
cultural values has led to inconsistency and lack of stability in the lives of many people. As
people look for ways of stabilizing in various cultural settings the rate of anxiety sets in thus
resulting in other degenerated mental problems.
Social phobia and agoraphobia in alcoholism. (1991). American Journal Of Psychiatry, 148(8),
1096a-1096. doi: 10.1176/ajp.148.8.1096a
Phobia is instilled in when growing up but becomes extreme in adults as they are exposed
to world aspects. The world experiences such as exposure to racism, horror, past experiences
anxiety become more and more leading to mental problems. Phobia exhibits various symptoms
to patients. People suffering from phobia fear to come in contact with the things they most fear.
For instance, people who have a phobia of spider may have fear of facing the spider or looking at
the picture of a spider.
Phobia may develop as people fear over something. They may tend to show signs of
being uncomfortable as a sign of resistance to the situation. Physical symptoms can be exhibited
through sweating, confusion, trembling and numbness among other symptoms. Psychological
symptoms are fear of control, death, dreadful and fear of fainting. Complex phobia such as social
and agoraphobia are said to be more detrimental. A person suffering from agoraphobia may have
monophobia that is reflected from their behaviors. They may fear from being left alone, leaving
their home where they feel trapped. Depending on severity people suffering from agoraphobia
exhibit various symptoms. Some may fear to go to the shopping mall while others are not
affected by walking a short distance. Social phobia may be exhibited in people when they show
signs of avoiding going to social events in public places. The patients are afraid of going out or
leaving their home.
Den Boer, J. (2000). Social anxiety disorder/social phobia: Epidemiology, diagnosis,
neurobiology, and treatment. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 41(6), 405-415. doi:
Diagnosis of phobia treatment is based on clinical interviews and diagnostically
guideline. The doctor may ask questions about your symptoms, psychological and social
condition about your life. The doctor may use the treatment manual to prescribe the treatment as
stipulated in American Psychiatrist Association.
The main treatment of phobias is majorly exposure therapy. Knowing the cause may not
add much to treatment but helping the patient cope with the avoidance behavior. The main goal
of the treatment is to improve the patient overcome the conditions that result in phobia and
enabling the patient to overcome a phobia. Treatment is expressed to one condition at a time
until the patient has fully overcome his extreme fears. In addition to exposure treatment,
cognitive therapy is also a very important treatment. Talking to a therapist can really help
overcome the phobia.
McManus, F. (2007).Psychological treatment of social phobia. Psychiatry, 6(5), 211-216. doi:
Exposure therapy helps the individual overcome situation they fear. Continuous exposure
to the environment and events they fear can drastically help overcome social phobia. If the
patient fear swimming the therapist may occasionally exposing you to the situation that relates to
swimming like showing pictures of beaches, people swimming and then pay you a visit to the
swimming pool. With progressive exposure, the fear may start diminishing. Cognitive therapy
involves exposure therapy as well as exposure to the object associated with fear and panic. In
cognitive therapy, you learn about how the fear of such an object has impacted your life
negatively and start developing skills on how to resist fear in the presence of such objects. The
therapist will expose you to various situations and teach you techniques on how to overcome
such fears. The e.g. therapist may take you to a horror movie and teach you how to overcome
Fahlén, T., Humble, M., Koczkas, C., & Nilsson, H. (1992).SOCIAL PHOBIA AND ITS
TREATMENT WITH BROFAROMINE.EFFICACY REGARDING SOCIAL PHOBIA
SYMPTOMS AND PERSONALITY TRAITS.Clinical Neuropharmacology, 15,
Phobia patient may be prescribed to medication that helps them to overcome fear.
Exposure and cognitive therapy may help but when the phobia is extreme patient can help the
patient overcome panic and anxiety. Medication can be used in the initial stage but for a short
period. Some medication like Beta blocker help in blocking stimulating effect that leads to
phobia symptoms also sedative help in reducing anxiety. Sedatives are said to be addictive so
care should be taken when administering sedatives
The effect of phobia can lead to extreme heart bit when a person faces a life-threatening
situation its effect is similar to phobia. This can result in increased pleasure, lack of thinking
straight. Phobia can trigger real-life physical symptoms. Social phobia can affect the patient
social life and lead to loneliness and affect individual development in education and economical.
Fear of object and situation or events may lead
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