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Running head: SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Social History of the Roman Empire
SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The Roman from 200 to 300 BC was among one the most powerful nations. The Romans
were well known for power, war and strength along the Italian Peninsula. Romans went into war
with other kingdoms of the Mediterranean and conquered them. In the course of the war with the
Carthaginians, Rome defeated and took control over Sicily (William, 1901). They occupied this
small island near Italy and began strategies on how to conquer the Carthaginians. However, since
the Greeks were fearful of the Romans because of the wealth and power they possessed, they
joined the Carthaginians in their battle against Rome. Romans were not pleased, and they,
therefore, embarked to battle Greece and took control of them, but they had to be very wise to
win this battle. They deliberately allowed Greek to be autonomous so that they can easily distort
their economy. In 146 B.C, the Roman Empire conquered Corinth, a Greek city-state and took
control of Greece (William, 1901).
The dominating power against their opponents made Rome more pronounced. Therefore,
the Roman thought and society were much of the Greeks in origin. Although the Greeks were not
pleased with the development, they had to embrace the situation since they had no option. The
Romans ruled the Greeks for hundreds of years, and this had a great impact on the Roman
Society and thought (Parkin & Pomeroy, 2007). The Greeks constructed many houses and
settling in Rome contributed much in thought and awareness to the Roman tradition, culture,
norms and values. The Greeks traded successfully under the Roman governance (William, 1901).
The Greeks went to Rome for training. They maintained the Greek philosophy that most Romans
and other nations of the world use today. The Greeks architectural works and trade boosted the
economy of Rome. Also, the majority of the Romans studied in the popular colleges in Greece. It
is here that they learned the great thought from the great Greek philosophers.