Unit #4 Article Reading Response Paper

timer Asked: Dec 26th, 2018
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Write an essay in response to your thoughts on the articles by Cheryl Cashin and by Morris Fiorina

  1. In the first paragraph, briefly summarize the main arguments and key points of both the Cashin and Fiorina articles.
  2. In the second paragraph, offer your ‘response’ to both authors’ arguments.
  3. Support your argument using this week’s readings from the text book and your general knowledge of American politics and outside sources (if necessary).

LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT AND STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America + P. FIORINA MORRIS STANFORD UNIVERSITY WITH SAMUEL J. ABRAMS HARVARD UNIVERSITY AND JEREMY C. POPE STANFORD UNIVERSITY aii alb :--r. •• • NewYork· Boston· San Francisco London· Toronto· Sydney· Tokyo· Singapore· Madrid Mexico City· Munich· Paris· Cape Town· Hong Kong. Montreal CHAPTER I + Culture War? There is a religious war going on in this country, a cultural war as critical to the kind of nation we shall be as the Cold War itself, for this war is for the soul ofAmerica. * With those ringing words insurgent candidate Pat Buchanan fired up his supporters at the 1992 Republican National Convention. To be sure, not all the assembled delegates cheered Buchanan's call to arms, which was at odds with the "kinder, gentler" image that incumbent President George H. W. Bush had attempted to project. Indeed, Republican professionals expressed concern about the "family values" emphasis of the convention in general, and Buchanan's remarks in particular.! Their concerns proved well .. This quotation appears in slightly different forms throughout the literature, probably because it was written up differently by journalists who covered the speech andlor read slightly different versions of it. This version is quoted in Nancy Davis and Robert Robinson, "A War for America's Soul?" In Rhys Williams, ed., Cultural Wars in American Politics (New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1997); 39. 1 Andrew Rosenthal, "'The 1992 Campaign: Issues~'Family Values,'" New York Times, September 21, 1992: 1. I
This is an older article; but Cashin addresses some key issues we still deal with today. Michael Lewyn (professor or urbans studies at Touro Law Center in Long Island) notes: Like many other commentators, Cashin argues that class and race segregation hurts the black poor - but she also makes some less common arguments. She is observing what happens at the urban level. She argues the black middle class suffer from the status quo of class and race segregation. As black in-migration increases, so too does white flight. The consequences of white flight is a lowering property values; just enough for poorer blacks to move in. This in turn means that even relatively upscale black suburbs suffer from poverty-related ills such as higher crime and worse schools than well-off white suburbs. Yes, these are an issue of systemic & institutionalized racism. Never-the-less, it is the people who live in these neighborhoods who experience the consequences. Cashin notes the white middle class suffers as well; because in order to avoid the fate of the black middle class, whites must live in overwhelmingly white, well-off areas - because only in such areas can whites keep their children out of poverty-packed (and thus low-achieving) schools. But the scarcity of such areas means that whites must pay heavy costs to obtain themeither in money (for close-in and thus desirable upscale areas) or in time (for outer suburbs that require hefty commutes). Cashin sees the isolation of the minority poor victimizes the middle class of all races. Cashin suggests that if the poor were more likely to live near and go to school with the middle class; there might be fewer social structural factors pressuring criminal behavior and access to a success in education might be better achieved. Lewyn sees this assertion as the weakest link in her argument; perhaps it is simply unprovable given the difficulty of separating geographic isolation from a variety of other factors that might cause crime and underachievement. Cashin thinks the status quo is not the result of market forces, but of government policy: zoning laws that artificially separate economic classes by keeping cheap housing out of wealthy areas, highways that facilitate white flight from cities, and federal housing policy that created public housing ghettoes. Cashin's solution is to spread the poor more evenly throughout American suburbs. How can this goal be achieved? Cashin asserts that if the poor lived in more diverse areas and attended schools dominated by the middle class, they would be more educable and act more civilly. Such class integration can be achieved by substituting inclusionary zoning for exclusionary zoning (that is, mandating that new housing include, rather than excluding, the poor), using housing and school vouchers to enable people to live in middle-class neighborhoods and to attend any public school regardless of residence. One danger of integrationist remedies: they only work if applied throughout a region. If suburb X integrates and suburb Y refuses to do so, suburb X, like the black middle-class suburbs Cashin discusses, gets a disproportionate share of the region's poor- which means it becomes undesirable to upscale families, which means it goes downhill. So if only diversity-minded cities or inner-ring suburbs adopt Cashin's remedies, the ultimate result might be just to spread poverty further into the suburbs and thus to create a new round of middle-class flight from integrationist suburbs.

Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University



Article Reading Response
Institution Affiliation


In his article, the author of the “Culture War” has tried to bring facts and numbers that try
to show the position of the United States in regard to the myth of a polarized nation. The United
States of America are one of the most civilized nations in regard to the issues of union and
working together across the states. Which racial discrimination has been a thorn in the
development of unity; there are other issues that seem to be affecting the American progress.
They are the issues that are forcing the country into being more polarized than before (Fiorina,
et. al, 2005). For instance, looking back to the recent trend in voting, the nation is being pain...

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