unit 3 powerpoinit Politics

timer Asked: Dec 28th, 2018
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Question description

Unit III PowerPoint Presentation

  • Weight: 11% of course grade
  • Grading Rubric
  • Due: Tuesday, 01/08/2019 11:59 PM (CST)

Using the state in which you live (or another state of your choice), create a PowerPoint presentation explaining the state election and campaign process, party politics, and legislative organization and procedure. Using the CSU Online Library as a resource, you will also need to include information on gerrymandering and its impact (or lack thereof) in your state.

You have two options for presenting your material, which have been explained below:

Option 1: Create a detailed PowerPoint of 10–14 slides, not including the title and reference slides.

must include the following information:
  • a title slide including your name and the state you selected;
  • a political party structure;
  • the types of primaries utilized in your chosen state;
  • state party organizations;
  • state government structure;
  • campaign methods of a state candidate/incumbent;
  • the makeup of your state legislature (e.g., gender, age, profession);
  • apportioning and districting information;
  • the legislative institutionalization of your state;
  • the party issues in your state; and
  • three to four pictures, maps, or graphs.

Your slides or presentation should include explanations of the aforementioned points. Please do not copy and paste lists of senators and representatives into your slides. You may include additional information that you feel is relevant, but do not create more than 14 slides. Use your creativity, and organize the material in a logical and understandable manner.

Use APA formatting for all paraphrased and quoted material. Utilize the CSU Online Library for at least one of your sources.

Cou rse Learning Outcomes for Unit III Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Explain the nature of politics. 1.1 Explain apportioning and districting information. 1.2 Explain legislative institutionalization and how it relates to legislative organization, procedure, and committees. 2. Analyze political process es in local go vernment. 2.1 Identify the role the political party system plays in shaping elections, state politics, and policy differences. 2.2 Describe methods of campaigning. Chapter 5: Parties and Campaigns in the States , pp. 126 – 157 Chapter 6: Legislators in State Politics , pp. 160 – 193 Unit Lesson Political Parties Do we really need political parties , or do they just muddy the waters when it comes to deciding for who m we should vote? In his book, Alexander Hamilton , Ron Chernow (2004) inform ed us that our present views on political parties are quite different from those of the founding fathers. He noted that even though the two party system is favored and exemplifies democracy, the founding fathers considered this pa rty system as a vestige of the British monarchy with no place in an American republic (p. 390). Chernow (2004) also noted that many refused to be involved with the parties because they were viewed in such a negative light. They were seen as something to be dis trusted, hypocritical, and frightening. In a bit of irony, w hat was once considered “bad,” according to Hamilton, has since come to define how politics work in the United States today (Chernow, 2004) . Today ’s voters typically follow the voting pattern s of their parents and grandparents, resulting in generations of voters who are loyal to one party or the other. Dye and MacManus (2015) unequivocally state that parties are the heart and soul of democracy and that if there were no parties, there would be no democracy. Adding to the irony, despite a lingering belief that our system is a remnant of British rule, the British political system is multi party while our own is two party. The first two well established parties in the United States were the Federal ists , begun by Alexander Hamilton, and the Republicans on Thomas Jefferson’s side. The major parties in the United States today are the Democrats and the Republicans. Over time, people came to trust the parties. Dye and MacManus (2015) share that the Unit ed States may be considered a two party system, but it is important to note that minor third parties do perform important functions and make an impact, if only at the polls. You will find political parties at every level of government and impacting all cam paigns — even those that are nonpartisan. In short, party matters . The people who ar e active in this process help organize elections, get information out on the candidates, and help the candidates to understand what it is that you , the voter , want to see an d hear from “your” candidate. Entering P olitics Imagine what it would be like to run for office. In o rder to be a candidate, one must pay a small filing fee and collect a certain number of signatures to qualify. The petition is filed, and if the signatures are valid and meet the necessary number, the candidate’s name goes on a ballot. Candidates are often required by the UNIT I I I STUDY GUIDE Parties and Campaigns in the States; Legislators in State Politics PS 2010, American State and Local Politics 2 UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title supervisor of elections to open bank accounts specifically for their campaigns and must file reports showing all donations and expenditures. Before embarking on a campaign , many potential candidate s put out feelers to determine whether a run for office is viable. Candidates ask those inside and outside their networks whether a run for office is feasible. Are there folks willing to donate to their campaign? Are there people available to volunteer their time and effort to help them get elec ted? These are typical questions potential candidates ask themselves. They also try to gauge who else might be running and what the hot topics might be. At the same time, candidates begin to raise money to finance their campaign . Candidates running for sta te or federal office will often court endorsements from their parties or even other candidates who have dropped out of the race. D epending on the local election guidelines, a candidate may run against others within their own party in a closed primary (v ot ers must have declared their party affiliation), sem i closed primary (voters may change parties on election day) , or an open pri mary (v oter s can cast a ballot for either party ’s candidates on election day). Candidates who have a plurality (receive the most votes) in a primary serve as the candidate for the party in the general election. How ever, in a few states, candidates who do not receive a clear majority of the votes in a primary must participate in a runoff. The majority/plurality system of winner take all is yet another vestige of British rule. Each state, county, and city has its own set of rules. Some elections, such as those for city council seats, are often nonpartisan, meaning it is a violation of election rules for a candidate to state his or her party affiliation or have it appear on any campaign materials. However, these rules vary by city. In a National League of Cities (n.d.) survey, it was determined that 77% of the responding cities held nonpartisan elections while 23% opted for partisan ele ctions. A principal argument for nonpartisan elections is the belief that shedding one’s party affiliation indicates a spirit of cooperation that transcends party lines. Official candidates will continue to build their war chest s (a not so gentle euphemis m for their funding and work on their platform), focus on the issues of which they want to focus, establish the goals and mission once in office, and expand their network . They might interview for endorsements and meet with leaders from various segments of society. Along the way, they will be seeking and spending as much money as possible before the election to spread the word about their candidacy. Decisions are made regarding the best ways to spend the money donated to their campaign. Is it better to adve rtise in the paper or on television? Do they have money to do both? Which days are better for running ads? Are they going to mail out campaign cards? Even though seats in government are not bought , it has been shown that , more often than not, the person wh o raises the most money is the one most likely to be elected. In fact, the Washington Post has reported that the better financed candidate wins the election a whopping 91% of the time (Lowery, 2014). After candidates have been elected to office, the work really begins. Not only will they have the job o f helping to enact laws, but they will also spend their time trying to get re elected. Many people believe that getting elected is the difficult part. The truth is that serving is the most difficult task. Once in office, groups and individuals all want their elected officials to act on their behalf. As one might expect, the needs and wants o f some often contradict the needs and wants of others. Pleasing constituents can be an arduous task. The public can be very supportive when they see their representative accommodating their wishes, but the public can fiercely attack when they believe their candidate is ignoring their wishes or placing another person’s priority above their own. The Creation of Districts The act of running for office is far more involved than many would believe, but even more complex is the drawing of district lines. Distr ict lines are essentially the borders of the territory of a particular voting area. These lines are drawn based on population, though there is often much more to the process. Every 10 years, per the U.S. Constitution, a census is conducted . In this census , every single person must be counted. Once the counting is done, a restructuring may occ ur. While most states maintain the same number of representatives in the House of Representatives, other states may lose or gain representatives depending on their pop ulation s .S ometimes, state officials also take this time to redraw the voting district lines. In Baker v. Carr (1962), the U.S. Supreme Court stated that district population numbers must be equal due to the one person one vote rule. The redrawing of lines is often referred to as gerrymandering , which means that the party in the majority will draw the lines to its political advantage. While most states manage to get their lines drawn without difficulty, some states like Texas are always being tak en to court because of their lines. PS 2010, American State and Local Politics 3 UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title Gerrymandering (Nass, n.d.) Lobbyists Before the election even takes place, interest groups attempt to influence the candidate whom they believe has the best chance to win the election. These interest groups use lobbyists to present ideas and issues to the candidate that would most benefit their organization. The goal is to present their needs and wishes and find a sympathetic ear, ultimately leading to a vote in their favor on those issues. I n som e cases, lobbying can be a full time job done by professionals, but in other situations, average citizens can be involved in the lobbying process. Legislators understand that lobbyists are using them to promote their agenda. In turn, legislators also use lobbyists in order to get information they often do not have the time to research personally; therefore, legislators are essentially using the lobbyists as researchers to provide them with education on certain topics. Some of the most effective professional lobbyists are those who were formerly legislators themselves. In recent years, there have been many laws regulating t he relationships between lobbyists and legislators because of the frequency of past corruption. Partaking in the political process is a big job and a big respons ibility. Political parties have helped to define the candidates as well as the polic ies that each side supports. Although, m ost current political races are more candidate driven than they are party platform driven. In addition, t he media has become a drivi ng force in politics ; therefore, millions of dollars are earmarked for marketing candidate s in primaries, elect ions, and re elections. References Baker v. Carr . (1962). 369 U.S. 186, 82 S. Ct. 691, 7 L. Ed. 2d 663. Chernow, R. (2004). Alexander Hamilton . New York, NY: The Penguin Press. Dye, T. R., & MacManus, S. A. (2015). Politics in states and communities (15 th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. PS 2010, American State and Local Politics 4 UNIT x STUDY GUIDE Title Lowery, W. (2014, April 4). 91% of the time the better financed candidate wins. Don’t act sur prised. Washington Post . Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the fix/wp/2014/04/04/think money - doesnt matter in elections this chart says youre wrong/ Nass, S. (n.d.). How to steal an election [Graphic]. Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/55/How_to_Steal_an_Election_ _Gerrymandering.svg National League of Cities. (n.d.). Partisan vs. nonpartisan elections. Retrieved from http://www.nlc.org/build skills and networks/resources/cities 101/city officials/partisan vs nonpartisan elections Suggested Reading If you would like additional information regarding the textbook readings, consider reviewing the c hapter p resentations below : • Click here to access the Chapter 5 PowerPoint p resentation titled “Chapter 5: Parties and Campaigns in the States. ” ( Click here to access the PDF version. ) • Click here to access the Chapter 6 PowerPoint p resentation titled “Chapter 6: Legislators in State Politics. ” ( Click here to access the PDF version. ) Learning Activities (Nong raded) Nong raded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information. To understand the concept of districting in general and to find out more information about your state, go to the website below, and play a few levels of this game. USC Annenberg Center. (n.d.) . The redistricting game. Retrieved from http://www.redistrictinggame.org You may have to allow pop ups on your computer or change your JavaScript options to enable creating new windows to use all of the resources found on this website

Tutor Answer

School: New York University



Texas State
Student Name

The Political Party Structure
• The political party is organized at several levels;
Precincts, District, county and State
• The Precincts are the local level that does not
attract media attention and neither do they
attract known public figures
• The districts elections produce senate
representatives. There are 31 senate seats in
Texas elected every 4 years
• The Texas House of Representatives have the
legislative arm of government. The 150
Representatives are elected every two years.

Political party functions
• Political party are a means of branding making it
easy for voters to select a particular party
(Republican or democratic party)
• The Political parties help candidates raise
campaign funds as well as train candidates of
effective campaigning
• Political parties help mobilize vo...

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