Paraphrase word document

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Paraphrase word document Paraphrase attached document and avoid plagiarism. Writing should be at a doctorate level. Highly academic and professional.

Disability prevalence rates in the region range from 0.2 per cent in Qatar to 5.1 per cent in Morocco. These rates appear quite low compared to those in other regions. Aside from methodological issues related to data collection, this may in part result from the fact that the Arab populations are relatively young and therefore less likely to have disabilities. In some countries, the low prevalence rates can also be explained by the presence of large populations of migrant workers. The data show that women are in the minority among younger persons with dis- abilities, but in the majority among older persons with disabilities. The rate of literacy is considerably lower for persons with disabilities than for persons with- out disabilities. They also have lower rates of educational attainment, especially with regard to secondary and tertiary education. However, the data reveal that even today school attendance rates for children and youth with disabilities remain much lower than those of their peers without disabilities. Gender and location, in addition to disability, also have a significant impact. Almost without exception, girls and women with disabilities in rural areas have the lowest rates of literacy, educational attainment and school attendance. Persons with disabilities’ rate of employment is very low and their rates of economic inactivity and unemployment are high. Being female and having a dis- ability is a double disadvantage, since women in the Arab region are less likely to work overall. In Morocco, for instance, the employment rates for women with and without disabilities are 6.7 per cent and 15.9 per cent respectively. In Iraq, the rates for men with and without disabilities are 32.8 and 63.0 per cent. Women with disabilities have the highest rates of unemployment, though the difference between them and women without disabilities is narrower than the difference between men with and without disabilities. In Egypt, for instance, the respective unemployment rates for women with and without disabilities are 90.5 and 75.8 per cent, while those for men with and without disabilities 57.4 and 27.0 percent. The exclusion and invisibility of persons with disabilities is a deep-rooted challenge. Despite stronger self-advocacy and growing commitment from governments to safe- guard their rights and well-being, persons with disabilities remain one of the most marginalized and underserved groups in society. the relative scarcity of statistics on socioeconomic indicators continues to constitute a serious impediment to the elaboration and implementation of inclusive policies. Due to the data limitations, it is beyond the scope of this analysis to definitively establish causality between disability and certain demographic or socioeconomic attributes such as income poverty. However, the marked correlation between disability and a variety of factors indicating vulnerability—for example, economic inactivity and a low level of educational attainment—makes it possible to discuss the potential existence and dynamics of such causal nexuses. Disability intersects with other social dimensions and reinforces marginalization for certain sub- groups. One such dimension, gender, has been identified as a likely aggravating factor and incorporated throughout the report. A needs assessment conducted by the Arab Forum for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities indicated that the needs of this at-risk population are often not identified or met. The social-relational approach recognizes that there are barriers in society which turn a person’s impairment into a disability and limit his or her participation. Thus, society must take an active role in removing barriers, such as through legal recognition of the rights of persons with disabilities, provision of inclusive education, workplace accommodation and universal design, meaning that the environment should be designed in a way that makes it accessible to everyone. Countries in the region report relatively low prevalence of disability, with rates lower than 2 per cent in eight out of 14 countries, and as low as 0.2 per cent in Qatar and 1 per cent in Mauritania. Morocco and Sudan have the highest prevalence rates at 5.1 per cent and 4.8 per cent, respectively. The differences among countries reflect not only difference in actual prevalence rates, but also differences in definitions and methodologies. The rate of literacy in the Arab region is considerably lower for persons with disabilities than for persons without disabilities. In Oman, where the gap is widest, only 31.2 per cent of all persons with disabilities are literate, whereas the rate among persons without disabilities, 87 per cent, is almost three times as high. Gender and location are also negatively correlated with literacy, and women with disabilities in rural areas are invariably the most affected group. In all countries except Mauritania, women with disabilities in urban areas have the second lowest literacy rate, and men with disabilities in rural areas the third lowest. Persons with disabilities in the Arab region are significantly less likely than persons without disabilities to have attained any form of education Not unexpectedly, the rate of employment (calculated as the percentage of the working age population who are employed) is generally lower for persons with disabilities in Arab countries. Likewise, their rates of economic inactivity (calculated as the percentage of the working age population who are neither employed nor seeking employment) and unemployment (calculated as the percentage of economically active persons aged 15 or older who seek employment)31 are higher. In nine of the 10 countries for which data are available, the employment rate for persons with disabilities is no higher than 14 per cent for women and 34 per cent for men, and often much lower than that. Bahrain is an outlier on the high end, with an employment rate of 26.7 per cent for women with disabilities and 78.3 per cent for men with dis- abilities. The fact that the overall employment rate for females in the region is very low makes it hard to evaluate the different impacts of disability on the employment prospects of women and men. The rate of economic inactivity among women with disabilities is above 84 per cent in all countries for which data are available, reaching 95.4 per cent in Iraq. The most extreme differences are in Saudi Arabia, where the unemployment rate for women with disabilities (75.3 per cent) is 2.3 times higher than the rate for women without disabilities (32.8 per cent), and the rate for men with disabilities (48.6 per cent) 4.2 times higher than the rate for men without disabilities (11.5 per cent). An outlier at the other end is Yemen, which has the lowest unemployment rates for women as well as for men with disabilities (5.8 and 13.7 per cent). The female rate, notably, is less than half of the one for women without disabilities (12.6 per cent). The rate for men with disabilities, meanwhile, is only marginally higher than the one for men without disabilities (12.9 per cent). Many countries in the region have instituted employment quota systems for persons with disabilities in both the public and private sectors. Despite the existence of enabling legislation, its impact is limited due to lack of enforcement and inadequate complementary interventions. low literacy and educational levels among persons with disabilities need to be tackled to ensure that persons with disabilities have the necessary skills to enter the labor market. In some countries, the social assistance framework and insurance schemes tie disability benefits to the inability to work, potentially disincentivizing labour force participation.33 Other barriers to employment include employers’ discriminatory attitudes and lack of accommodation at the work place. it is critical to remember that employment rates do not reveal whether jobs held by persons with disabilities are decent. Data directly relating to pay and social insurance cover- age is not available, but analysis of related indicators, such as type of employment, suggests that persons with disabilities are more likely than persons without disability to work in the informal economy.

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School: Carnegie Mellon University


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The prevalence rate of disability in our area of interest ranges 0.2 to 5.1% in Qatar and Morocco
respectively. The prevalence rates in these two areas are a little bit lower when compared to
other parts. This can be explained by several factors including, methodological issues of data
collection and the reason that the demographics in Arabs is mainly young and hence less likely to
experience or be affected by disabilities. The fact that some counties have a large number of
migrant workers could also explain the low prevalence rates of disabilities. From the data, it’s
also evident that women in the young age bracket have few disabilities, unlike in the older
persons where the prevalence of women with disabilities is high.
Again, it’s also shown that the literacy rate is relatively lower in those individuals having
disabilities than in “normal” individuals. Dis-abled populations have lower rates of educational
attainment, and more so with regards to secondary and tertiary education. Even on matters of
school attendance, these with dis-abilities rarely attend schools. Another factor having an impact
on dis-ability is the issue of gender and location. It’s evident that females in general in rural areas
having dis-abilities have low literacy levels as well as school attendance.
On matters employments, the employment rate is quite low in the dis-abled group. In fact, being
a female in addition to being dis-abled is a double tragedy since...

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Good stuff. Would use again.

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