As you learned about various types of counseling approaches,
you may have wondered what makes one more effective than another. This type of
question lends itself to quantitative research. Questions like, "What are
the differences in scores on a depression inventory for individuals who
participate in cognitive behavioral counseling versus those who participate in
solution-focused counseling?" or "What student characteristics
predict success in an online counseling degree program?" require some form
of quantitative inquiry. However, the type of quantitative method used to
explore these questions could vary widely from researcher to researcher. Each
of the methods of quantitative inquiry has both strengths and weaknesses, and
it is important to understand the elements of each approach. As you explore the
Learning Resources this week, you will find that some designs are used more
often than others in the counseling profession.
In this Application Assignment you review various types of quantitative designs
and explore their utility for investigating counseling-related phenomena.
The assignment: (2–3 pages)
Select two types of quantitative research designs to
Briefly describe each of the designs that you selected.
Include the types of samples used to conduct these research methods and the
process for selecting a sample.
Explain two similarities and two differences between the
designs you selected.
Describe at least one strength and one limitation of each
Describe an insight or conclusion you can draw from the
Explain any ethical, legal, and socio-cultural
considerations that may be relevant for the designs you selected.