Research & Evaluation

Jun 24th, 2015
HelloWorld
Category:
Psychology
Price: $10 USD

Question description

What conclusions can be drawn about school counseling services considering the results and effect sizes based on the example from the following:

 Whiston, S., & Quinby, R. (2009). Review of school counseling outcome research. 

 Responsive Services

The responsive services component of a school counseling program consists of services to assist students in coping with immediate issues, concerns, and needs (ASCA, 2005). Typical modalities used in responsive services activities are individual counseling, group counseling, referral, consultation, and peer assistance programs. Whiston et al. (2007) found that responsive services produced an overall effect size of .35. It should be noted that elementary children seemed to particularly benefit from services designed to assist them in addressing problems with an effect size of .39. They found that only 10 studies assessed the effectiveness of interventions in the responsive services area with middle school or junior high students, with an effect size of .22. Whiston et al. also found a significant effect size (.34) for responsive services interventions with high school students.

Individual and Group Counseling. In terms of responsive services, some schools have developed groups related to specific issues, whereas other schools focus more on assisting students individually. The research findings are somewhat mixed on whether it is more effective for school counselors to provide therapeutic services primarily through group interventions or through individual counseling. Prout and Prout (1998) found that most research studies concerning counseling and psychotherapy in schools examined group approaches. Whiston et al. (2007) found that group interventions were often evaluated and produced a weighted effect size of .35, whereas only three studies investigated individual counseling. Other researchers (e.g., Nearpass, 1990; Wiggins & Wiggins, 1992) found that individual counseling is generally more effective than group counseling. Wiggins and Wiggins (1992) also found that counselors who predominately used individual counseling were more effective than those counselors who predominately used classroom guidance activities. This finding, however, should be interpreted cautiously because of methodological problems with the study and the age of the studies. 

Borders and Drury (1992) pointed to a substantial number of studies that verified the positive effects of group counseling interventions. Whiston and Sexton (1998) found support for group counseling approaches for social skills training, family adjustment issues, and discipline problems. In particular, research indicates that groups designed to assist students whose parents have divorced have both short-term (Pedro-Carroll & Alpert-Gillis, 1997) and more long-term positive effects (Pedro-Carroll, Sutton, & Wyman, 1999). There is also empirical support for relaxation groups and cognitive-behavioral approaches to group counseling with high-school students (Bauer, Sapp, & Johnson, 2000; Kiselica, Baker, Thomas, & Reddy, 1994). 


Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: UIUC
PREMIUM TUTOR

Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students

8 Reviews


Summary
Quality
Communication
On Time
Value
Five Star Tutor
Dec 3rd, 2016
" Outstanding Job!!!! "
kpcutie
Nov 20th, 2016
" Excellent job "
Joemoe
Nov 11th, 2016
" <3 it, thanks for saving me time. "
Hemapathy
Nov 6th, 2016
" all I can say is wow very fast work, great work thanks "
pmallory
Oct 28th, 2016
" Totally impressed with results!! :-) "
kevin12622
Oct 15th, 2016
" Goes above and beyond expectations ! "
kiln82
Oct 6th, 2016
" awesome work thanks "
likeplum4
Sep 22nd, 2016
" Excellent work as usual "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1830 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors