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Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin or somatropin, is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction and regeneration in humans and other animals. It is a type of mitogen which is specific only to certain kinds of cells.
Growth hormone is released from the pituitary gland. This is a small organ in the brain, located behind the nose.
Too much growth hormone can cause abnormally increased growth patterns called acromegalyin adults and gigantism in children.
Too little growth hormone can cause a slow or flat rate of growth in children, and changes in energy, muscle mass, cholesterol levels, and bone strength in adults.
The growth hormone test may be used to monitor response to acromegaly treatment.
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