Arginine, glutamate, glutamine, histidine and proline can enter the citric acid cycle as α-ketoglutarate. α-ketoglutarate can be used to produce succinate by the loss of carbon dioxide and then converted to succinyl CoA. Calculate the free energy change (ΔG◦) and Keq, when this reaction is coupled with the reduction of NAD+.

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

the gibbs free energy is 67550joules

and the Keq at 273 kelvin is given 1.129 * 10^-13

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.

here gibbs energy =-n F E

where F if 96500 coloumbs And E is standard electrode potential

calculate the individual gibbs energy and calculate the final energy as in oxidation of glucose Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.