BIO113 Week 8 Final Exam

Jul 10th, 2015
SKTFaker
Category:
Health & Medical
Price: $20 USD

Question description

Question 1



Which of the following infectious diseases is increasing in
incidence after being on the decline for many years?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

tuberculosis


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

diphtheria


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

pneumonia


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

SARS


 



Question 2



Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

gums


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

liver


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

defecation


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

absorption


 



Question 3



Inflammation of the intestine caused by bacterial or viral
infection is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

enteritis


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

gastritis


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

appendicitis


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

diverticulosis


 



Question 4



What is the minimum amount of time that hands should be
washed to prevent transmitting infection?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

5 seconds


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

10 seconds


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

15 seconds


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

20 seconds


 



Question 5



The __________ is the largest artery in the body.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

apex


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

aorta


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

endocardium


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

myocardium


 



Question 6



Which would be the spleen’s first action in response to a
deep knife wound in the leg?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

release red blood cells into circulation


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

aid in clotting to stop bleeding at the wound site


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

produce lymphocytes and monocytes


 



Question 7



Which of the following microorganisms must live inside the
cell of another organism in order to secure nourishment and reproduce?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

bacteria


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

fungi


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

protozoa


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

viruses


 



Question 8



Loss of voluntary control over urination is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

neurogenic bladder


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

dialysis


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

incontinence


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

urgency


 



Question 9



The term used to describe getting up during the night to
urinate is _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

nocturia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

polyuria


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

pyuria


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

oliguria


 



Question 10



Red blood cells, or ____________________, are biconcave,
disc-shaped cells.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

leukocytes


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

erythrocytes


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

myoblasts


 



Question 11



Blood leaves the heart through ___________ and returns by
_____________





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

veins, arteries b. aorta, capillaries


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

veins, capillaries


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

arteries, veins


 



Question 12



Most, if not all, health care workers must have current
certification in which of the following?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

ALS (advanced life support)


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

PALS (pediatric advanced life support)


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

EKG (electrocardiogram) interpretation


 



Question 13



The average adult has _________ pints of blood in his or her
body.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

2-4


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

4-6


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

4-6


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

8-10


 



Question 14



The most common nutritional disorder in the U.S. today is
____________________.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

anorexia nervosa


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

bulimia


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

anemia


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

obesity


 



Question 15



Certain bacteria have been designated as “super bugs”
because they _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

are easy to transmit and, therefore, are favored by
  bioterrorists


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

cause especially serious respiratory infections.


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

are resistant to even very powerful antibiotics.


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

are spread globally by travelers.


 



Question 16



Individuals whose kidneys have failed are treated with a
process called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

urinalysis.


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

dialysis


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

percutaneous nephrolithotomy


 



Question 17



A temporary interruption of blood flow to the brain is a
__________.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

stroke


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

shock


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

embolism


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

TIA


 



Question 18



The adult alimentary canal, from the mouth to the anus, is
about how many feet long?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

10


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

20


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

30


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

40


 



Question 19



Healthcare workers use a spirometer to measure the _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

level of carbon dioxide in the blood


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

lungs’ capacity for air


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

amount of pressure in the lungs


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

level of pleural fluid


 



Question 20



The ballooning out of an artery and thinning of the artery
wall is called a/an __________.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

aphasia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

stroke


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

aneurysm


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

arteriole


 



Question 21



_____ is the death of body tissue as a result of an
insufficient blood supply caused by disease or injury.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

arteriosclerosis


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

hemorrhoids


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

varicose veins


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

gangrene


 



Question 22



The body’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of
energy needed by the body _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

to maintain current weight


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

to perform vigorous exercise


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

at rest


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

to gain weight


 



Question 23



________________ is a procedure to help open clogged
vessels.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

cardiac output


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

catheterization


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

angioplasty


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

cardiotonics


 



Question 24



Match each condition/disease with its description.





 
 


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   


   

   

scleroderma


   

   


   

   

lymphadenitis


   

   


   

   

anaphylactic shock


   

   


   

   

lupus


   

   


   

   

Hodgkin’s disease


   

   


   

   

tonsillitis


   

   


   

   

asthma


   

   


   

   

infectious mononucleosis


   

   


   

   

hypersensitivity


   

   


   

   

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


   

 

 

Answer


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   

A.


   

   

autoimmune disease in which the skin and blood vessels
    thicken


   

   

B.


   

   

inflammation and swelling of the lymph nodes


   

   

C.


   

   

serious allergic reaction


   

   

D.


   

   

chronic, multi-symptomatic, inflammatory, autoimmune
    disease


   

   

E.


   

   

cancer of the lymph nodes


   

   

F.


   

   

infection of the tonsils


   

   

G.


   

   

condition caused by antibodies binding to the bronchi
    and bronchioles


   

   

H.


   

   

infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus


   

   

I.


   

   

failure of the immune system to protect itself against
    foreign material


   

   

J.


   

   

serious, usually fatal, disease caused by suppression of
    the immune system


   

 



Question 25



Which of the following hormones controls the rate of
metabolism, heat production, and oxidation of cells?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

Thyroxin


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

testosterone


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

thymosin


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

ACTH


 



Question 26



A rapid heartbeat is most accurately called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

arrhythmia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

bradycardia


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

tachycardia


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

fibrillation


 



Question 27



_____ is vital to the function of the red blood cell,
helping it transport oxygen to the tissues and some carbon dioxide away from
tissues.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

hemoglobin


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

albumin


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

fibrinogen


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

globulin


 



Question 28



Asthma is a respiratory disease in which _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

the mucous membrane of the trachea becomes inflamed


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

an inflammatory response obstructs the airways


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

the lungs become infected and filled with pus


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

swallowing is difficult and painful


 



Question 29



Severe chest pain that occurs when the heart does not
receive enough oxygen is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

pericarditis


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

myocardial infarction


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

atherosclerosis


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

angina pectoris


 



Question 30



A hereditary disease in which blood clots slowly or
abnormally is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

polycythemia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

embolism


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

hematoma


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

hemophilia


 



Question 31



A chronic, progressive inflammatory disease that permanently
damages the liver is _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

hepatitis


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

cirrhosis


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

ulcer


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

colitis


 



Question 32



The _____ sends out an electrical impulse that regulates the
heartbeat.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

AV node


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

SA node


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

Purkinje fibers


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

AV bundle


 



Question 33



Which process is regulated by secretions of the thyroid
gland?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

digestion


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

metabolism


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

defecation


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

absorption


 



Question 34



Match each mineral and vitamin with its function.





 
 


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   


   

   

vitamin B12


   

   


   

   

zinc


   

   


   

   

vitamin K


   

   


   

   

iodine


   

   


   

   

vitamin B3


   

   


   

   

potassium


   

   


   

   

calcium


   

   


   

   

vitamin E


   

   


   

   

iron


   

   


   

   

vitamin A


   

 

 

Answer


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   

A.


   

   

synthesis of red blood cells


   

   

B.


   

   

metabolism of vitamin A


   

   

C.


   

   

enables normal blood clotting


   

   

D.


   

   

component of thyroid hormones


   

   

E.


   

   

enables normal metabolism


   

   

F.


   

   

maintenance of body water balance


   

   

G.


   

   

formation of bones and teeth


   

   

H.


   

   

act as an antioxidant


   

   

I.


   

   

component of hemoglobin


   

   

J.


   

   

enables night vision


   

 



Question 35



Match the gland with its hormone





 
 


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   


   

   

testes


   

   


   

   

ovaries


   

   


   

   

thyroid


   

   


   

   

adrenal medulla


   

   


   

   

thymus


   

   


   

   

parathyroid


   

   


   

   

pituitary - posterior lobe


   

   


   

   

adrenal cortex


   

   


   

   

pituitary - anterior lobe


   

   


   

   

pancreas


   

 

 

Answer


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   

A.


   

   

testosterone


   

   

B.


   

   

estrogen


   

   

C.


   

   

thyroxin


   

   

D.


   

   

adrenaline


   

   

E.


   

   

thymosin


   

   

F.


   

   

parathormone


   

   

G.


   

   

antidiuretic hormone


   

   

H.


   

   

androgens


   

   

I.


   

   

follicle-stimulating hormone


   

   

J.


   

   

glucagon


   

 



Question 36



Which organ performs the major role in excreting wastes from
the body?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

lungs


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

colon


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

skin


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

kidneys


 



Question 37



Milk, cheese, and dark green vegetables are good sources of
which mineral?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

calcium


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

iron


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

potassium


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

sodium


 



Question 38



A person’s total cholesterol level should be below _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

200


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

300


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

150


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

250


 



Question 39



Another term used to describe high blood pressure is
____________________.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

dysphasia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

aphasia


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

hypotension


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

hypertension


 



Question 40



The abbreviation for the type of cholesterol that removes
fat from cells is _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

LDL


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

VLDL


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

HDL


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

VHDL


 


Question 41



A deficiency in the number and/or percentage of red blood
cells and the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

anemia


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

aplastic anemia


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

pernicious anemia


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

sickle cell anemia


 



Question 42



Which of the following factors usually plays the least
significant role in obesity?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

genetics


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

lack of physical activity


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

overconsumption of food


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

underconsumption of fruits and vegetables


 



Question 43



Which of the following blood pressure reading would be
considered mild hypertension?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

120/80


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

130/80


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

140/90


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

150/90


 



Question 44



Where does oxygen release the energy stored in nutrients to
provide heat and energy for body functioning?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

blood in the capillaries


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

alveoli in the lungs


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

cells throughout the body


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

lymph surrounding tissues


 



Question 45



A disease in which the red blood cells are abnormally shaped
is called _______ anemia.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

antigen


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

basophil


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

sickle cell


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

globin


 



Question 46



The double layer of fibrous tissue surrounding the heart is
the __________.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

apex


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

edema


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

pericardium


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

septum


 


Question 47



A traveling blood clot is called _____.





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

hemorrhage


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

embolism


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

phlebitis


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

claudication


 


Question 48



What is the meaning of autoimmunity?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

A mother passes her antibodies to her unborn child.


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

An individual is naturally immune to many common diseases.


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

Immunity has been acquired through vaccines.


 

 
 

 

D.


 

 

The immune system mistakenly targets normal body cells.


 



Question 49



Match each condition or infection to its description





 
 


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   


   

   

menorrhagia


   

   


   

   

benign prostatic hypertrophy


   

   


   

   

gonorrhea


   

   


   

   

endometriosis


   

   


   

   

trichomoniasas vaginalis


   

   


   

   

toxic shock syndrome


   

   


   

   

dysmenorrhea


   

   


   

   

chlamydia


   

   


   

   

epididymitis


   

   


   

   

genital herpes


   

 

 

Answer


 
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
  
   
   
  
 

   

A.


   

   

excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding


   

   

B.


   

   

enlarged prostate


   

   

C.


   

   

bacterial STD in which males may experience painful
    urination and discharge of pus


   

   

D.


   

   

uterine tissue is located outside the uterus


   

   

E.


   

   

protozoan infection that causes itching and burning of
    the vagina in females and urethra in males


   

   

F.


   

   

potentially life-threatening infection caused by
    staphylococcus bacteria


   

   

G.


   

   

painful menstruation


   

   

H.


   

   

common STD that presents no symptoms for most women and
    many men


   

   

I.


   

   

infection that causes swelling and pain in groin and
    scrotum


   

   

J.


   

   

viral STD that may cause lesions in the genitalia


   

 



Question 50



How does inoculation protect the body against infectious
diseases?





 
 


 
 


 
 


 
 

 

A.


 

 

Booster substances are injected to increase the strength
  of the immune system.


 

 
 

 

B.


 

 

The antibody for a specific infection is injected to be
  available to defend the body.


 

 
 

 

C.


 

 

Small amounts of disease-causing substances are injected
  to stimulate the body to produce antibodies.


 


Question 51



Match each disorder with its description.





 

 
  
&nb

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