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What are a few similarities and differences between the Sand Creek Massacre, the Fetterman Massacre, the Red River War, the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the Wounded Knee Massacre?

Jul 7th, 2015

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Sand Creek Massacre (1864) The U.S. Army had persuaded a group of Cheyenne to stop raiding farms and return to their Colorado reservation peacefully. But then army troops attacked, killing about 150 people, and burned the camp. Congress condemned the actions but did not punish the commander.

Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876) To stop raids on settlers in Sioux territory, the government ordered all Sioux to leave. Instead, led by Sitting Bull, thousands of Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho gathered near the Little Bighorn River. There a young cavalry officer, George Armstrong Custer, led a headlong attack

Wounded Knee Massacre (1890) In December 1890, Army troops captured some of Sitting Bull’s followers and took them to a camp at Wounded Knee Creek. The next morning soldiers demanded the Indians’ rifles, and fighting broke out. The soldiers had machine guns and quickly killed many Sioux warriors. Women and children fled, but soldiers pursued them. In the end, some 300 Sioux men, women, and children lay dead in the snow. The massacre shocked Americans and broke Native American resistance on the Plains

The Fetterman Fight, also known as the Fetterman Massacre or Battle of the Hundred Slain, was a battle during Red Cloud's War on December 21, 1866, between the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and soldiers of the United States army. All 81 men under the command of Captain William J. Fetterman were killed by the Indians. It was, at the time, the worst military disaster ever suffered by the U.S. on the Great Plains. The battle led to an Indian victory and the withdrawal of the United States from the war.

The Red River War was a military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations in Indian Territory. Lasting only a few months, the war saw several army columns crisscross the Texas Panhandle in an effort to locate, harass and capture highly mobile Indian bands. Most of the engagements were small skirmishes in which neither side suffered many casualties. The war wound down over the last few months of 1874 as fewer and fewer Indian bands had the strength and supplies to remain in the field. Though the last significantly sized group did not surrender until mid-1875, the war marked the end of free roaming Indian populations on the Southern Plains.


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Jul 7th, 2015

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