To fully understand what kinds of investigative efforts are being made by
police to address real-world problems, select two individual problem solving
guides from the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing |
Problem Guides and assess what police are using to succeed in their
investigative and problem-solving efforts. Summarize then analyze both of the
problem guides you selected, focusing on the positive aspects of the research.
How can this information be utilized and applied in a law enforcement agency?
Our post the individuals response, need bad and good of post list
The two individual problem solving guides that police are using to
investigate real world problems are Gun Violence among Serious Young
Offenders and Domestic Violence. Gun violence in young adults is
rising at an alarming rate, “Research has linked urban youth gun violence to
gang conflicts, street drug markets, and gun availability.” (A. Braga, 2011).
Recently the amount of school shootings has increased and during the
investigative process after the incident it was discovered that the perpetrator
had easy access to the weapons used. An important lesson to teach our children
is that guns are not toys, they are not something you just leave laying around.
If you have small children or any children, from a young age, you should teach
them that guns are not toys and they are not to touch them as well as keeping
them stored where they cannot access them. Police are processing why young
offenders have a tendency to target a specific person or a specific group of
people, “For police agencies, the most pressing concerns regarding youth gun
violence are why offenders target particular people, at particular places, at
particular times.” (A. Braga, 2011).
the important things to remember about youth gun violence is that a lot of the
time the problems that cause the episode are out of the realm of problem
oriented policing, “However, it is also important to recognize that youth gun
violence is often linked to a variety of risk factors beyond the scope of
problem-oriented poling. For example….demographics, adverse economic
conditions, family disruption, media violence, and poor parenting skills.” (A.
Braga, 2011). One way that police are trying to solve this problem is by
understanding the problem in their location, no two locations have the same
exact problem. Use what you know already, “The experiences, observations, and
historical perspectives of police officers, street workers, and others in
routine contact with offenders, communities, and criminal networks are
underused resources for describing, understanding, and crafting interventions
aimed at crime problems.” (A. Braga, 2011). By simply researching the areas
where gun violence in youth has been most active you can gain a great deal of
understanding as to why it is occurring based on certain things such as
location, gang activity, ect; “Crime mapping is also an important tool in
assessing youth gun violence. It can provide important insights on the
locations of gun crimes, gang turf, and drug markets.”( A. Braga, 2011).
what they can, often times the community shares the responsibility for the
problem. The community is a good place to start when identifying ways to
prevent youth gun violence because they can be a voice that people will listen
to and they may be able to relate better to certain community members. Police try
their hardest and sometimes that’s not enough, “Law enforcement responses alone
are seldom effective in reducing or solving the problem. Do not limit yourself
to considering what police can do: give careful consideration to who else in
your community shared responsibility for the problem and can help police better
respond to it.” (A. Braga, 2011).
violence is something that the police get calls on every day. The problem with
domestic violence is that more than likely the calls are from repeat offenders,
“…they are likely to observe repetitive abuse against the same victims”
(Sampson, 2007). Domestic violence “…accounts for about 20 percent of the
nonfatal violent crime women experience and three percent of the nonfatal
violent crime men experience.” (Sampson, 2007). A lot of people have a tendency
to think that women are the victims of domestic violence/disputes and that is
not true there are domestic violence cases where the men are the victims of the
dispute, “…women report only one-quarter to one-half of their assaults to
police, men perhaps less.” (Sampson, 2007). The level of harm goes from “..
Simple assault to homicide, with secondary harms to child witnesses.” (Sampson,
violence is more than just a spouse hitting or slapping it can “include murder,
rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated or simple assault.”(Sampson,
2007). Domestic violence also causes more than just physical damage, it causes
emotional harm which can cause “…anxiety, stress, sleep deprivation, loss of
confidence, social isolation, and fear.” (Sampson, 2007). One way to increase
effective response to domestic violence is to understand the contributing
factors in your area. One way to determine who are more likely to be involved in
domestic violence is age, certain age groups have a higher domestic violence
rate than others “The female age group at highest risk for domestic violence
victimization is 16 to 24. Among one segment of this high-risk age
group—undergraduate college students…” (Sampson, 2007). Another way to
determine high risk areas is to look at the socioeconomic status “Victimization
surveys indicate that lower-income women are, in fact, more frequently victims
of domestic violence than wealthier women.” (Sampson, 2007). That’s not to say
that wealthy people don’t fight but they may not have the same things to fight
about as their less wealthy counterparts, “Women with family incomes less than
$7,500 are five times more likely to be victims of violence by an intimate than
women with family annual incomes between $50,000 and $74,000.” (Sampson, 2007).
important to understand what kind of people you are dealing with based on the
location of the issue. It takes all kinds of people to make the world go round
and some of those people are just more prone to violence than others. The more
you know about your local offenders and the community the better prepared you
can be. If you just take the time out to research the issue in your area and
collect data via poll or other sources the more you will know and with that
information you can handle these situations better. There is always a silver
lining if you know where to look.
Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. (2011). Problem guides.