Humanities
ENG2206 week 2 Candide responses

World Literature After 1660

Question Description

You do need to also respond to two classmate postings, with a minimum of 100 words for each of those postings.

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First Posting: CANDIDE Candide is a great story in the sense that it displays morals. Determination and maybe a little delusion could be the themes of this story. Candide is a caring and upstanding gentleman throughout the story. He most certainly stays the course in the pursuit of his one love; which is Cunegonde. Throughout Candide’s travels, he faces one disaster after another. The earthquakes, the beatings, and the battles he faces would be too much to face for most individuals. I think throughout the story Candide stays true to himself by pursuing his love, Cunegonde, all the way to the end. The most moral thing that Candide did specifically was that he insisted on buying the freedom of all the people that he had been associated with. Dr. Pangloss, the Old Woman, Cacambo, Cunegonde, and Cunegonde’s brother are all rescued from the harsh conditions that they had found themselves in. Even though Cunegonde’s beauty has faded, Candide felt that it was still the right thing to do, so he bought her freedom and he married her. They all eventually settle down on a farm where they work out the rest of their days. The end of the story is interesting to me because they all traveled a long way to really go nowhere. They could have found the subtle peace anywhere without having to go through the many obstacles they did while traveling abroad. I do think that the story holds true to many people today. We chase things our whole life and not realizing that we are exchanging a day of our life for it. Each day that passes we will no longer be able to get back. Then when we finally get to what we are chasing, we find out that things have changed, and we really didn’t want it after all. This story teaches us that as we travel, so does our time. I think that we should live in the moment and then maybe we wouldn’t be running to disaster and disappointment, but rather we would be happy just living in the moment. THE NARROW ROAD TO THE DEEP NORTH The Narrow Road to the Deep North is a one hundred- and eight-degree pivot from Candide. This story begins with the explicit purpose of why Basho travels. I do think that the way he felt about certain things is what came across during his travels. The mountains and the rivers are things I believe that gave Basho and his companion Kawai Sora a deep appreciation of nature’s beauty. The main detail in the story that lets us know what kind of person Basho was is when he traveled, without Kawai Sora, to a former castle in Hiraizumi. Basho is in disbelief that the castle is nothing short of destroyed. Though we can see that Basho is torn that the castle has been destroyed, he still shows the appreciation that the grass is still there. He makes mention that structures and buildings can all go away, but nothing will destroy the mountains and the rivers that still stand and flow as far as the eye can see. I think this story is a perfect example to live by the old saying, stop and smell the roses. Basho and Sora were extraordinary on capturing the beauty throughout their travels. We tend to be in a hurry to get to where we are going and never realizing the beauty along the way. Basho important message in this story is that everything has beauty if would just take the time to stop and see it; most importantly we should appreciate it. Basho, I believe, understood the value of capturing his every travel by pin. We can look at something and see its beauty, but Basho was able to paint us a picture through poetry, and it would almost seem as if we had been there to. Second Posting: The most important idea about travel in The Narrow Road to the Deep North by Matsuo Bashõ is its ability to inspire and evoke emotion. Bashõ undertakes this fivemonth “pilgrimage through nature” with his traveling partner Sora. The purpose of his journey is to visit ancient Japanese historical sites in order to gain poetic inspiration for his travel diary and accompanying poems. Bashõ is often moved to tears by what he experiences. At the Taga Castle in the village of Ichikawa, Bashõ feels emotional connected to his ancestors just by being at the memorial. He describes his spiritual response to the memorial there by stating “the virtues of travel, the joys of life, forgetting the weariness of travel, I shed only tears.” For Bashõ the purpose of movement isn’t to physically move from point “A” to point “B”, the purpose of movement is to be moved spiritually in any direction the journey dictates. It is from these spiritual and emotional changes that Bashõ draws his artistic inspiration from. In Candide, by Voltaire, travel has a much different purpose. Voltaire uses travel in Candide to take his characters through a philosophical journey. Voltaire often uses satire, coincidence, and irony to display his distaste for the hypocrisy of religion and foolishness of philosophers of his time. For example, Dr. Pangloss remains steadfast in his belief that “everything is for the best” even after being maimed by syphilis, hung for heresy, and enslaved against his will. These events would cause most people to reevaluate their philosophical beliefs, but Voltaire uses this to demonstrate the absurdity of Pangloss’s beliefs. It is through Candide’s travel and repeated tragedies that we began to see Candide question his own beliefs, and ultimately reach a different philosophical conclusion at the end of the story. This is evident by the very last line in the story when Candide dismisses Pangloss’s views by essentially giving Pangloss a platitude and telling him “but, we must cultivate our garden.” ...
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