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Culture can be defined as the language, norms, values, beliefs, and more that, together, form a people's way of life. It is a combination of elements that affect how people think, how they act, and what they own. Like the American culture also includes our history, architecture, accepted behavior, and so much more.
As we know that Culture is an essential part of being human. No one is completely without it in fact an individual can be part of many cultures and subcultures. There are many cultural differences have also been noted in the ways in which language is used.
There are some cultures, new skills are learned through nonverbal observation. The power of language to reflect culture and influence. So, A distinction has also been made between cultures that encourage independent learning and those that encourage cooperative learning. The differences in the social roles of adults and children also influence how language is used. Home and school contexts may represent different cultures, subcultures, or both and may influence language acquisition in noticeable ways
In some cultures, prelinguistic children (who are not yet verbalizing) are spoken about rather than spoken to (Heath, 1983)
In some cultural settings, children are not asked recitational questions. Instead, they are asked only questions of clarification or for new information.
The Labov’s research focused and indicates on language used in academic and non school settings, he also created a greater awareness of the role of context and dialect in communication. So research suggest the importance of family context in language acquisition was more recently described by Hart and Risley (1995, 1999).
We can say that home language socialization patterns may differ from those favored in the school classroom in the following ways which are given below,
- The amount of talk directed to preschool children
- The participation of young children as conversation partners with adults
- Opportunities children have to explain or give a personal interpretation of events
- The forms of narrative that are used (e.g., fiction, nonfiction, or ongoing narratives)
It is concluded that differences in language use were attributed to the complex family culture not simply due to socioeconomic status or ethnic group identity.
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