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The wizard of OZ is a politically inherent movies especially since the first version of the film came out in form of Baum's works.Thus, the movies revolves around the political nature of the 1800s as depicted by various character symbolism. Being an activists at the time, Baum used the novel and later movie adaptation as a means of showing the theme of leadership and belief in oneself despite coming from humble beginnings. Essentially,he was encouraging leaders to stretch beyond the norm to come up with novel ideas that would salvage the farmers (discernible from the presence of farmers in the movies), industrial workers (tin men) and the common citizenry from being exploited by selfish individuals. The director relies on a number of cinematography techniques to advance the aforementioned theme. Chiaroscuro (combination of low-lighting and ample lighting thus casting shadows) has been used in the movie to create an illusion and advance fear in the deterrents of advancement. The wizard relies on his shadow to create the illusion that he is the prophetic savior who could not be destructed. Additionally, the combination of eye-shot, high-angle and low-angle shots helps the audience to fathom the mood, pace and tone illuminated by the characters. Finally,the director also relied upon Mise en scène to create a closely nit and chronological plot that does justice to the original novel with the same title.
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