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With this theory actions in conformity and support of natural laws are morally correct. A simple summary would be :
What Is Consistent with the Natural Law Is Right and What Is not in keeping with the Natural Law Is Wrong .
This is NOT what is natural is morally correct and what is unnatural is morally wrong. The focus is on the natural LAWS and not simply natural acts. Natural Law Theory supports doing unnatural deeds such as surgery for the sake of realizing a restoration of health and the prolongation of human life which are each consistent with the natural drives of organisms: survival.
Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
I am sure if I am understanding the answer. May I should have revamp the question. Does the Natural Law according to Thomas Aquinas theory provide what you think is a valid argument in favor of birth control? Do you agree with Pope's Encyclical on birth control?
Yes, the law provides a valid argument. The command of
one's conscience to do or not do something against what the Church directs has
to be pretty strong in order to fit what Aquinas is talking about. I doubt if
many people disobey the Church's prohibition on artificial contraception because
they have sought to develop a well-formed conscience and this conscience is
telling them that they must take the pill. Though an erring conscience
binds, an erring conscience does not simply mean one does not have to obey any
authority; it is not a license to "disregard" anything. Conscience is
an authority, and, in the end, it is what one has to obey. (Of course it
is not possible for a person to believe that she herself has an erring
conscience; it is the nature of a conscience (both erring and true) to believe
that it is true).
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